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Courses

Master Degree in Medicine

General information

Official Code: 9813
Acronym: MIMED
Description:

Summary



The Master in Medicine degree is conferred upon the conclusion of 360 ECTS credits, for 12 semesters.

Among the 360 ECTS, 336 ECTS are obtained through the successful completion of 63 nuclear Curricular Units from Basic, Pre-Clinical and Clinical Sciences. The remaining 24 ECTS result from the free choice among 130 units, thus contributing to the students ability to build their own educational pathway.







Certificates

  • Master Degree in Medicine (360 ECTS credits)
  • Basic Health Sciences (180 ECTS credits)

Concursos Nacionais

Média de acesso do último colocado nos últimos 5 anos

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
182,7 186,7 184 183,3 181

Nº Clausus / Vagas

Scheme Phase Nº Clausus / Vagas
Regime Geral 1 245
As candidaturas e os prazos são da responsabilidade da Direcção-Geral do Ensino Superior.

Courses Units

Biostatistics, Information and Decision in Health I

MI112 - ECTS

Information and decision sciences are, traditionally, supported by two great scientific areas, Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, and so it is expected that the students:

    • Acquire notions and training on probability and distributions, descriptive statistics Statistical inference and modelling, sample size;
    • Learn the concepts and applications of information systems (IS) in healthcare, Data coding and classification systems, Electronic clinical records, decision support systems, processing of biological signal and image, telemedicine and eHealth;
    • Acquire skills on data preparation, construction of probability plots, Bibliographic and modeling search and reference management, creation of databases  and queries to databases;
    • Understand the organization of health information as applied to statistical analysis and health research.

 

Molecular Structure of the Cell

MI110 - ECTS

A proposal of Curricular unit (UC) which appears at the beginning of the curriculum of the master in Medicine, as in the case of "Molecular Structure of the cell" (EMC), puts its own challenges.

As students are starting their academic path, with all the inherent and desirable enthusiasm, these first experiences can be instrumental in how they will face the course and even the vocational option done. We must, in our UC, assure that the choice of themes and the ways we show them, ensure the best learning and performance.

Therefore there are some aspects that we have to highlight, and which seek to go in this direction:

1. we will always keep in mind the medical character of training, in particular by highlighting the clinical relevance of the subjects.
2. we intend to interconnect subjects the most we can, be it includíng topics that are classically attributed to Biochemistry and Cell Biology, or involving teachers from two of the Department of Biomedicine of FMUP units (Biochemistry and Experimental Biology);
3. we will also have a different distribution of workload throughout the semester as the schedule is articulated with the UC of Molecular Genetics. This distribution asymmetry, which is intentional, justifies a large density of occupation in the first few weeks, counter-balanced by the lack of pedagogical activity in the last few weeks of the semester;
4. we will value learning in a continuos way throughout the semester, reinforcing the value of this evaluation and performing two written tests for knowledge assessment;

 

Molecular Genetics

MI111 - ECTS

The main objective of the UC “Molecular Genetics ” is to transmit student the more recent knowledge about the dynamics of the human genome and the mechanisms that allow molecular information transmission from DNA to protein.  Indeed, the syllabus is extensively dedicated to molecular mechanisms of maintenance of integrity of the genome, methodology employed for study, diagnostic and gene-based therapies. This UC also includes a strong laboratory component that elucidates how to get the knowledge, and integrative scientific papers discussion sessions. The teaching staff includes professors that investigate the basic mechanisms of molecular biology and specialists in human genetics, too.

Humanities in Medicine

MI113 - ECTS To develop the instrumental role of humanities as a resource in healthcare professional education, towards: (1) transversal competencies, (2) humanistic competences; (3) self-awareness competencies; (4) recognition of different situations in the context of healthcare.

Morphophysiology of the Locomotor Apparatus

MI109 - ECTS

Learning outcomes of the course unit At the end of this course unit the student should:

- Know the general principles of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology.

- Be familiar with anatomical, histological and physiological terminology.

- Have developed your observation skills.

- Have developed the technique of description by using the appropriate terminology.

- Know the normal macroscopic and microscopic structure and mode of operation of the locomotor system;

- Have acquired a knowledge base that can be used in the various fields of morphophysiology and applied later in other course units and in future clinical experience.

 

 

 

Biochemistry of Metabolism

MI116 - ECTS

Students must acquire detailed knowledge on the metabolic pathways involved in the metabolism, in humans, of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, aminoacids, aminoacid derivatives of biological interest, heme group, purines and pyrimidines and xenobiotics.

Students must understand human metabolism as a whole, by learning important aspects of integration of metabolism (regulation of oxidative metabolism and energetic balance, hormonal regulation of metabolism, metabolic changes during the feeding/fasting cycle, metabolism in different cells and tissues, in the pregnant and newborn, during physical exercise and in some extreme situations).

Students must acquire knowledge on some factors affecting human metabolism, namely: vitamins, oxidative stress and antioxidant defense mechanisms, nutrition and alcohol and alcoholic drinks.

Finally, students must acquire knowledge on some human pathologies related to metabolism or associated with metabolic disturbances: obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemias, diseases of fructose and galactose metabolism, diseases of beta oxidation of fatty acids, diseases of glycogen metabolism, megaloblastic anemias, diseases of aminoacid metabolism, cachexia, jaundice and metabolism in cancer cells.

Molecular Cell Dynamics

MI115 - ECTS

To endow the medical students with theoretical and practical knowledge on the intervenients in organelle structure and functioning, and on the mechanisms that, through forces and movements, promote interaction between them. In parallel, emphasis will be put on metabolic and information flows between organelles, necessary for cellular maintenance and economy. Following knowledge acquisition on the usual functioning, importance will be given to conditions that contribute to the functional loss and the establishment of diseases.

To introduce to the laboratory as source of biomedical knowledge, integrating practical sessions of specimen study, hands-on accomplishment of practical activities or projects, as well as sessions of interpretation and discussion of scientific articles. For this purpose, students will be tutored by a faculty member and researcher, specialized in the areas of Cell Biology, Molecular Biology and Biochemistry.

Introduction to Research in Health

MI117 - ECTS One of the founding principles of a Medical degree program is is the integration of components focused the basics of biomedical research and experimental design. That is why it is so important the inclusion, in the first year of the program, of a curricular unit presenting practical examples of the medical research developed in our institution, covering the foundations and formalisms of biomedical research and exploring the basics of a set of generic and transversal approaches, methods and tools used in the biomedical research, namely in clinical, laboratory or epidemiological research.

The biomedical research methodology, including both research involving humans and research of a more basic nature, defines and describes a set of distinct methods and procedures that warrant the quality of the discovery and application of scientific evidence. This curricular unit aims to provide students with the necessary theoretical and practical foundations, allowing them to define, to plan and to critically appraise biomedical research. In this context, the presentation and discussion of the concept of a research protocol is crucial, allowing them to understand the research enterprise as a phased and planned approach to answer a research question, and supporting the interpretation and dissemination of biomedical research.

This curricular unit will also promote the contact of students with real examples of biomedical, clinical and epidemiological research developed by research groups in the Faculty of Medicine and the University of Porto, through the organization of research seminars.

Morphophysiology of the Nervous System

MI114 - ECTS

At the end of this course unit, students should :

-       Be acquainted with the general principles of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology. This course unit will stimulate students’ observation skills by acquainting them with the anatomical terminology. It will also endow them with description techniques, which will make them apply the adequate terminology;

-       Be acquainted with the normal structure, both macroscopic and microscopic and the normal function of the nervous system; 

-       Have acquired knowledge which can be used in the different fields of morphophysiology, in other course units and in upcoming clinical activities. 

During the semester, students should also acquire the following competencies:

-       Problem-solving skills;

-       Self-learning skills;

-       Critical reasoning;

-       Practical ability to evaluate the function of the different systems;

-       Identification of morphophysiological problems in selected clinical cases.

In order to provide students with the aforementioned skills and knowledge, this course unit will apply an integrated morphofunctional approach. Anatomists, histologists and physiologists will be part of the teaching staff.

Populations Health

MI118 - ECTS

This curricular unit has as main objective the acquisition of knowledge on the principles and concepts used in population’s health and its application for the understanding of the health and disease processes.

The syllabus of this Unit has a comprehensive nature in agreement with the objective of having a global understanding on the basic principles and major problems related with populations’ health, and to promote a vision of medical activity as part of a broader health team that it is present before and after the curative interventions.

The Unit provides tools for better critical thinking about the diversity and complexity of the factors that influence the health of individuals and populations. It uses an evidence-based approach to analyze the determinants of health and disease and the best intervention options to promote and to preserve health.

Regional anatomy - dissection approach

OPT157 - ECTS

Some of the unique aspects of cadaveric dissection include the realistic nature of this teaching medium, which allows students to obtain a clear three-dimensional image of the organization of the human body, to prove the existence of variations of normality, to analyze the texture of human tissues, and sometimes, observe and understand pathological conditions.

 As well as being an indisputably important method of learning anatomy, it reinforces the attitudes of respect and compassion among medical students.

It also allows you to learn techniques of dissection and acquire manual dexterity, essential for all future doctors.

 It also enables students to develop critical thinking, problem solving skills and practical application of knowledge

Biogerontology

OPT04 - ECTS

To introduce students to biogerontology and its location within modern biomedicine.

To evidence the biological foundations of functional ability loss (ageing) foccusing on humans, and including cell and molecular changes as well as the role of genes.

To show current frontiers of knowledge in the field and explore biogerontology extensions to other fields and the society as a whole.

To develop the interest in the field and inspire further research in the area.

Brain and Behavior

OPT05 - ECTS

The main goal of this course is to help students to understand how specific motor, limbic, and cognitive functions emerge within the brain. This will be achieved by acquiring and integrating knowledge from several disciplines, such as neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neurochemistry and behavioral neuroscience. The students will be familiarized with modern experimental techniques used to investigate the neuronal basis of behavior. Finally, the students will familiarize themselves with the interests and motivations that have driven the investigation of the linkage between neural circuitry and complex behaviors.

Cytogenetics and Cell Cycle

MI222 - ECTS

Acquire basic knowledge about: (A) cell cycle regulation, cell division and molecular processes underlying differentiation, dedifferentiation and cellular aging; (B) cytogenetic techniques and basic concepts on structure and function of chromosomes, (C) etiopathogenesis of chromosomal pathology, preparing students to acquire knowledge related to genetic transmission of chromosomal disorders and genetic risk assessment. Additionally it is intended that students be able to critically evaluate scientific literature and apply the basic principles of the scientific research in biology and genetics.

Strategic Marketing and Communication applied to the Health Subject

OPT07 - ECTS The learning outcomes that this curricular unit aims to attain are motivating the students for the importance of the part of the Brand and Communication subjects in a global strategy of competitive differentiation that will allow them to obtain gains in terms of value for the enterprises, institutions, persons and overall organizations, with which they’ll relate; and developing in the students skills related with the decision taking process, always aiming to assure and effective management of their relationships with their main stakeholders, under the perspective of a new scientific paradigm that places the Client in the center of the management of all Health interactions

Communication in healthcare teamwork

OPT06 - ECTS Understand the importance of more effective communication in healthcare teams in order to identify and develop personal skills which result in more collaborative practices whiih enhance greater quality of healthcare deivered and assure patient safety.

Science Communication

OPT08 - ECTS

Effective communication of scientific knowledge is an essential component of any career in the sciences.

The overall objective of this unit is to help train doctors and scientists who will strive for excellence in writing and communicate science in scientific and popular science contexts.

At the end of the unit, the student is expected to be able to:

-select efficiently the scientific sources for its own study and research

-prepare and present a scientific poster

-write a scientific paper

-to develop the ability to analyze critically the strategies applied to communicating science in diverse social and professional contexts

-orally and by writing present a main message from research to a scientific audience and to the public

-plan an interview with journalists, knowing which behaviors should be used or avoid

-write a press release

-present a well written curriculum vitae and a motivation letter

Early Contact with Patients and their Families I

OPT10 - ECTS

To complete successfully this curricular unit, students must achieve the following objectives:

  • To learn the method for collecting the medical history, including the including the psychosocial component and familial evaluation;

  • To use familial evaluation methods at level of Primary Health Care;

  • To develop skills of clinical interview;

  • To evaluatethe weight ofpsychosocial factorsin an individual with chronic disease, disability orrelevant health event.

  • To arguehow thesefactorsaffect the patient’s family environment and of other persons how share his / her life.

Clinical Records and Law

OPT164 - ECTS
  1. Acquisition of basic knowledge in the specific field of clinical records and the rights and duties inherent thereto;
  2. Understanding of the same knowledge;
  3. Application of acquired knowledge;
  4. Analysis of this knowledge;
  5. A summary of the knowledge acquired, with particular reference to the issues of access, re-use, security of clinical records and data protection of natural persons, as well as the impact of these basic and elementary notions on their practices, even as students of medicine, in the future already as doctors and in the rights of all, sick included;
  6. Assessment of knowledge acquisition, understanding and application, analysis and synthesis of knowledge.

Medical Statistics

OPT13 - ECTS This unit aims to empower the students with theoretical foundations and practical approach to advanced statistical methods used in clinical research, assessment of technologies and health service research. After this course unit the students should be able to: identify the correct statistical multiple regression methodology for data analysis; apply these methods using statistical software; interpret the results and apply the correct statistical methdos for rater agreement

Social and Humane Formation

OPT14 - ECTS In this unit, it is intended to promote social and human development of future physicians through service learning.
To create a space where the student could contact with the reality of society and interact with different types of people helping to better understand the Human Person.
It is intended that the student understand their role in society and become more socially responsible.
It is hoped through this course to contribute to a medical doctor more humane and attentive to social problems.

History of the Medical Armamentarium

OPT16 - ECTS

The unit aims to

- provide systematic knowledge on the History of Medicine, in order to arouse the student’s continued interest in the subject as well as to be a tool for interdisciplinary research;

- raise the student’s awareness regarding medical museology;

- teach the history of medical artefacts.

- promote the FMUP’s heritage, in order to raise awareness and provide the scholarly means for its safeguard and its pedagogical and scientific use;

- develop the student’s motivation to apprehend and feel cultural values through self training;

- encourage the development of thinking about Medicine.

Integridade académica

OPT149 - ECTS

This curricular unit is intended to assist students to increase their awareness of the importance of academic and professional integrity. At the end of this unit students will be able to:

  1. Know and apply knowledge about core concepts of ethics and academic and professional integrity
  2. Identify academic and professional questionable practices and fraud.
  3. Recognize the impact of questionable practices and fraud (fabrication, falsification and plagiarism) on academic and professional integrity
  4. Demonstrate compreensive understanding about the process of writing and publish a scientic paper
  5. Recognize strategies to promote good conduct practices  

Introduction to Epidemiology

MI224 - ECTS

This curricular unit aims to allow students the acquisition of knowledge regarding concepts and methods specific to Epidemiology, and its application to the critical appraisal and planning of epidemiological studies.

At the end of the curricular unit the students are expected to be acquainted with the specific language of a new scientific area, being able to recognize, describe and relate different frequency, association and impact measures, the concepts of random error, bias, confounding and interaction, as well as the main study designs used in epidemiology. The students are expected to accomplish, autonomously: simple epidemiological tasks, such as data tabulation and calculation of measures of disease frequency, association and impact; critical appraisal of scientific articles; essencial tasks for the planning of an epidemiological investigation, including the literature review and study design.

Investigação Biomédica: modelos experimentais

OPT150 - ECTS

The global objective of this curricular is to foster scientific skils of future physicians, providing them knowledge about experimental models currently used at diferente contexts in biomedical research.

Laboratory Research ¿ In vitro functional evaluation

OPT44 - ECTS Students are expect to acquire basic knowledge and skills which will enable them to participate in scientific projects requiring laboratory techniques for in vitro functional assessment of myocardium, blood vessels and smooth and skeletal muscle.

Laboratory Research - cardiovascular molecular evaluation.

OPT19 - ECTS Students are expect to be able to acquire basic knowledge and skills which will enable them to participate in scientific projects on cardiovascular sciences requiring laboratory techniques of molecular biology and histologic and morphologic evaluation.

Preventive Medicine

MI225 - ECTS

The objectives of discipline of Preventive Medicine are:

  • To learn and develop a modern concept of health and its biological, psychological, social and ecological constraints;
  • To describe the Portuguese organization of healthcare and the medical and paramedical providers acting in health promotion;
  • To analyse the main health problems in Portugal in the context of health promotion;
  • To list attitudes of health protection and prevention of the disease and its complications;
  • To identify the benefits and potential harms of the preventive approach;
  • To interpret and apply scientific evidence in Preventive Medicine;
  • To acquire communication skills in the field of Preventive Medicine;
  • To apply the model of shared medical decision in Preventive Medicine;
  • To interpret risk factors and causal factors in the development of the disease.
  • To develop and implement Health Education Programs.

 

Research methods in medical education

OPT21 - ECTS

This curricular unit is intended to introduce students to mixed research in medical education. 

Probabilistic Graphical Models

OPT24 - ECTS This unit aims to empower the students with necessary knowledge and skills to use modern methods of probabilistic reasoning for biomedical problems, more specifically regarding theory and practice of Bayesian networks for interdependencies exploration and clinical decision support.

Morphophysiology of the Cardiovascular System and Blood

MI221 - ECTS
At the end of this course unit, students should :
- Be acquainted with the general principles of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology. This course unit will stimulate students’ observation skills by acquainting them with the anatomical terminology. It will also endow them with description techniques, which will make them apply the adequate terminology;
- Be acquainted with the normal structure, both macroscopic and microscopic and the normal function of the cardiovascular apparatus and blood; 
- Have acquired knowledge which can be used in the different fields of morphophysiology, in other course units and in upcoming clinical activities. 


Morphophysiology of the Reproductive and Endocrine Systems

MI220 - ECTS

At the end of this course unit, students should :

-       Be acquainted with the general principles of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology. This course unit will stimulate students’ observation skills by acquainting them with the anatomical terminology. It will also endow them with description techniques, which will make them apply the adequate terminology;

-       Be acquainted with the normal structure, both macroscopic and microscopic and the normal function of the reproductive and endocrine apparatus;

-       Have acquired knowledge which can be used in the different fields of morphophysiology, in other course units and in upcoming clinical activities.

During the semester, students should also acquire the following competencies:

-       Problem-solving skills;

-       Self-learning skills;

-       Critical reasoning;

-       Practical ability to evaluate the function of the different systems;

-       Identification of morphophysiological problems in selected clinical cases.

In order to provide students with the aforementioned skills and knowledge, this course unit will apply an integrated morphofunctional approach. Additionally, anatomists, histologists and physiologists will be part of the teaching staff.

Nutrition and prevention of cronic diseases

OPT26 - ECTS

The curricular unit aims to enable students to acquire knowledge about the role of diet in the prevention of chronic diseases.
It is the objective of UC to provide tools for better critical thinking about the diversity and complexity of dietary factors that influence the health of individuals and populations. It uses an evidence-based approach to analyze the food and nutritional determinants of health and disease and the best intervention options to promote and preserve health.

Medical Psychology I

MI223 - ECTS
  1. To approach the person as a complex whole (considering individual, social and cultural dimensions of the person’s functioning) and within the specificities of each developmental phase (childhood, adolescence and adulthood).
  2. To apply observation, identification and interpretation skills to human expressions (behaviors, emotional reactions, or non-verbal communication) in the context of the dynamics of a medical interview.
  3. To act appropriately in the presence of those expressions and dynamics emerging in the context of the medical interview.
  4. To adopt a clinical attitude that contributes to a more successful medical practice (based on respect, attention, an available posture and an understanding and empathic approach to the person).
  5. To develop critical and analytical skills.

6. To develop a professional attitude in class and regarding the medical interview process and peers/colleagues.

Stress and metabolic syndrome

OPT30 - ECTS

This curricular unit is intended to assist medical students to increase their awareness of stress and its deleterious effects on health. At the end of this unit students will be able to:

 

1. Recognize the impact of stress on modern life and health

2. Identify the major mediators involved in stress response

3. Understand the physiological responses to different types of stressors

4. Demonstrate comprehensive understanding of core stress knowledge

5. Review the biochemical basis of the main metabolism pathways

6. Recognize the underlying abnormalities causing metabolic syndrome features

7. Identify stress related diseases

8. Review the biochemical basis of the main metabolism pathways under stress conditions

9. Recognize the main human and animal experimental models, and biomarkers, to study stress

10. Recognize various strategies to cope with stress

Technologies in Medicine: basic notions of image and signal

OPT179 - ECTS The learning objectives of the curricular unit “Technologies in medicine: fundamental concepts of signal and image” consist in the acquisition of knowledge related with signal and image processing and analysis, aiming to provide and stimulate their ability of a conscientious use of the several available technologies in Medicine.

Decision Making in Medicine

OPT180 - ECTS

1 – Recognize  the main criteria’s for decision making

2 – Recognize the decision making natural handicaps in professional work

3 – Recognize the importance of making decisions based in the patient best interest and not in the professional personal perspective

4 – Recognize the importance of evidence based decision making

5 – Understand the decision making particular differences after different clinical settings

6 – Recognize the main dimensions of medical practice

7 – Understand the limits of autonomous choices

8 – Become a more autonomous professional

Transmembrane transport and human physiopathology

OPT181 - ECTS

Knowledge on the mechanisms involved in the transport of solutes across biological membranes. Knowledge on the characteristics of specific transport mechanisms, relevant in medicine: involvement of alterations of transport mechanisms in the physiopathology of some diseases, the consequences of pathologies in the transmembranar transport, changes in transport mechanisms in cancer cells, the influence of transmembranar transport in therapeutics. Acquisition of skills in writing of a review article and presenting a scientific paper.

Mitochondrial Alterations and Disease

OPT01 - ECTS 1. To consolidate the learning of normal mitochondrial physiology
2. To understand the key molecular mechanisms of mitochondrial dysfunction
3. To understand how to use the molecular mechanisms of mitochondrial dysfunction for diagnosing concrete clinical situations, namely degenerative and neoplastic diseases.
4. To understand how to use the molecular mechanisms of mitochondrial dysfunction in the aging process and in its relationship with neurodegenerative diseases.
5. To learn how to use the molecular diagnosis of mitochondrial disorders in the development of new therapies.

Data analysis of health information systems

OPT156 - ECTS

To develop a conceptual framework for the reuse of data derived from health information systems (e.g. administrative database, clinical records, EHR) as well as to acquire the necessary skills for its application in health services research.

Medical Anthropology and Humanization of Medicine

OPT02 - ECTS
  • To understand the need for an anthropological reflection in order to have an integral comprehension of Medicine and a more humane medical practice.
  • To acquire the ability to have a professional practice that highlights and safeguards the centrality of the Human Being as a cultural and social subject in the different healthcare contexts.
  • To show the Medical Act and Doctor-Patient Relationship anthropological horizon
  • To acquire the conscience, and of its implications, of the Human Being as an object of Medicine and to recognize Medicine’s anthropological character, as a science and as a praxis.
  • To demonstrate Medical Anthropology contribution, with its two perspectives (philosophical and cultural), to medical culture in face of the emerging biomedical and technoscientific challenges, in order to achieve a higher efficiency and humanization of healthcare programs and services.
  • To recognize the diversity of perspectives and looks over Human Beings relationship with health and disease, in a multicultural context, as an integral element of a more humane Medicine.
  • To illustrate some situations in that anthropological data are particularly relevant to a more adequate therapeutic approach (Pediatrics, Geriatrics, Mental Illness, Terminal Illness, Ethnical minorities, Migrants).

Molecular bioinformatics: from molecules to clinial practice

OPT159 - ECTS

This curricular unit has the following learning objectives:

- Understanding the purpose of molecular biology techniques used in the molecular diagnosis;

- Acquisition of theoretical concepts about several bioinformatic tools commonly used and how to apply them in the interpretation of data from molecular diagnostics;

- Execution hands-on, using a computer, of multiple software tools freely available for the molecular analysis of sequences and query of clinical information and experimental data in databases;

- Development of critical thinking about the data of molecular diagnostics, genetic counselling and therapeutic choices.

Contact in Primary Care

OPT09 - ECTS The objectives of this course are:

To know the organization of Primary Health Care (PHC) in Portugal
To know the profile of the providers practicing in Primary Health Care (general and family medicine and public health doctors, nurses, clinical secretary)
To know the health-related social sector activity
To know the functioning of a Family Health Unit (health center)

Early Contact with Patients and their Families II

OPT11 - ECTS

To complete successfully this curricular unit, students must achieve the following objectives:

  • To develop a clinical approach oriented to the patient, his family and surrounding community, dealing health problems both in the physical, psychological, social, cultural and spiritual dimensions.

  • To acquire skills on the continuity of care over time, through a doctor-patient effective communication;

  • To promote the simultaneous management of acute and chronic health problems of the patients;

  • To use familial evaluation methods at level of Primary Health Care.

Genetic instability and disease

OPT12 - ECTS

After approval, the students should get the knowledge necessary to:

- Identify human genome organization and the methodology employed for genome study

- Identify DNA-protein interactions associated with DNA replication, repair, recombination and dynamics of the genome

- Identify makers of genomic instability (ex. DNA microsatellite)

- Identify the main techniques employed for molecular studies, and cellular and animal models for diagnostic and therapeutic assays of genomic instability-associate diseases

- Identify epigenetic modifications associated to genomic instability

- Identify nuclear markers associated to genomic instability employed in diagnostic

- Understand how dysregulation of cell cycle control mechanisms lead to pathology

- Caracterize the main diseases associated to failure of the mechanisms that maintain the integrity of the genome

- Understand and present scientific publications that link molecular studies to genomic instability-associate diseases

Social and Humane Formation

OPT14 - ECTS In this unit, it is intended to promote social and human development of future physicians through service learning.
To create a space where the student could contact with the reality of society and interact with different types of people helping to better understand the Human Person.
It is intended that the student understand their role in society and become more socially responsible.
It is hoped through this course to contribute to a medical doctor more humane and attentive to social problems.

Population Genetics and Disease

OPT15 - ECTS

- Understand how the knowledge of the global genetic diversity is essential for inferring the genetic causes of certain complex diseases

- Describe the genetic factors responsible for the familiar forms of cancer and distinguish from the sporadic cases

- Design an evaluation study of the genetic susceptibility to a particular disease in a specific population, by using the new genotyping methods

- Use computer tools to explore the worldwide genetic diversity and the heterogeneity in the genetic susceptibility to diseases

- Judge ethical implications of the investment in diagnosis and treatment of diseases prevalent of certain population groups

- Discuss implication of a personalised medicine – costs, expectations, benefits and broad access

History of the Medical Armamentarium

OPT16 - ECTS

The unit aims to

- provide systematic knowledge on the History of Medicine, in order to arouse the student’s continued interest in the subject as well as to be a tool for interdisciplinary research;

- raise the student’s awareness regarding medical museology;

- teach the history of medical artefacts.

- promote the FMUP’s heritage, in order to raise awareness and provide the scholarly means for its safeguard and its pedagogical and scientific use;

- develop the student’s motivation to apprehend and feel cultural values through self training;

- encourage the development of thinking about Medicine.

Basic Immunology

MI231 - ECTS

To acquire the knowledge of basic mechanisms of the immune response, including the biological response to exogenous or endogenous agents in human pathology. 

Infection and Cancer

OPT17 - ECTS - To establish relationships between structural, biological and epidemiological features of cancer-associated infectious agents and the natural history of the infections;
- To distinguish the methods for detection and characterization of cancer-associated infectious agents;
- To compare the different types of cancer-associated infectious agents regarding their mechanisms of carcinogenesis;
- To describe the main epidemiological, clinical and pathological features of infection-associated cancers;
- To integrate epidemiological, experimental and clinical data that establish causal relationships between infectious agents and the respective cancers;
- To explain the contribution of the human microbiota to the pathogenesis of cancer;
- To discuss the potential of infection-associated cancers as targets for prevention and screening strategies and for early detection.

Introduction to research in molecular pathology applied in oncology

OPT18 - ECTS

 

-Indicate the cellular characteristics of the neoplastic cells

- Describe the cellular characteristics of the neoplastic cells

- Identify appropriate methodologies for the study of the various cellular characteristics

- Explain the theoretical basis of the  methodologies

- Experiment techniques for the evaluation of neoplastic cells characteristics

- Distinguish the limitations of the various methodologies

- Explain the various cellular and animal models for cancer research 

- Identify the limitations of the various cellular and animal models for cancer research

- Planning experimental approaches to the study of a certain cellular characteristic

- Interpret results obtained in the various experimental approaches 

Molecular mechanisms of response and therapeutic resistance in cancer

OPT20 - ECTS

1 - To consolidate the learning concerning the basic principles of cancer and to identify the key molecular oncogenic pathways of the cell.

2 - Identify the major molecular therapeutic targets in cancer and describe their importance in cancer therapeutic management.

3 - To identify the different forms of therapeutic resistance in cancer

4 - To interpret the signaling crosstalk of the major oncogenic pathways in the context of the response and therapeutic resistance.

5 - To explain the importance of the molecular biomarkers in the clinical oncology practice, especially on the stratification of the patients and on the therapeutic decision.

6 - To discuss the importance of the translational research in cancer to the identification of new drugable targets.

Research methods in medical education

OPT21 - ECTS

This curricular unit is intended to introduce students to mixed research in medical education. 

Medical Microbiology I

MI229 - ECTS

The main objectives of the proposed curricular unit are the teaching of Medical Microbiology. We consider fundamental to promote the development of new mental structures, capacities and new attitudes that may provide students the ability needed to analyze and solve problems.

Morphophysiology of the Digestive System

MI227 - ECTS

The main goal of this course unit is the description of the Anatomy, Histology, Embryology and Physiology of the Digestive System.                                                                                        

Morphophysiology of the Respiratory and Urinary System

MI226 - ECTS
At the end of this course unit, students should :
-  Be acquainted with the general principles of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology. This course unit will stimulate students’ observation skills by acquainting them with the anatomical terminology. It will also endow them with description techniques, which will make them apply the adequate terminology;
-  Be acquainted with the normal structure, both macroscopic and microscopic and the normal function of the respiratory and urinary apparatus; 
-  Have acquired knowledge which can be used in the different fields of morphophysiology, in other course units and in upcoming clinical activities.  
 

Integrative Morphophysiology

MI228 - ECTS
  • Anatomical and functional integration of different organs and body systems.
  • Acquisition of a knowledge base that can be applied later in other disciplines of the course and in future clinical practice.

Prática Reflexiva I

OPT27 - ECTS

Reflective practice is a way of studying your own experiences to improve the way you work. It is very useful for health professionals who want to carry on learning throughout their lives.

The act of reflection is a great way to increase confidence and become a more proactive and qualified professional

Engaging in reflective practice should help to improve the quality of care you deliver and help reduce professional burnout.

Protein Biomarkers in cancer: molecular basis and diagnosis & therapeutic applications

OPT28 - ECTS
  • Recognize the current protein-based biomarkers used in oncology.
  • Describe the mechanism of protein biosynthesis, structure and functions.
  • Define major molecular mechanisms leading to alterations of proteins in cancer. The model of gastric carcinoma and colorectal carcinoma.
  • Integrate methods for identification and application of protein research in oncology.
  • Interpret the fundamentals of the treatments applying novel biological products in oncology.

Medical Psychology II

MI230 - ECTS

 The aim is to contribute to the emotional maturity of the apprentice, which may give rise to a therapeutic attitude.

What goes through acquiring knowledge in propaedeutics — clinical interviewing skills contemplating, on the one hand, the therapeutic dimension of doctor-patient relationship; and on the other hand, the illness behaviour and morbid lifestyles, stress and somatoform disturbs —, and semiotics.

Knowledge further complemented by training competencies allowing to recognize how the person influences symptom expression and how symptoms affect the person; as well as to identify toxic lifestyles. And furthermore, falling upon the doctor-patient relationship, through developing the capacity to manage a transference relationship in a therapeutic sense — here included empathic capacity, authenticity, and “knowing how to listen” in order to achieve a global diagnostic of the person and his circumstances.

Reprogramming stem cells and carcinogenesis

OPT29 - ECTS
  1. To identify the main features of neoplasias.
  2. To distinguish embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells and iPS cells.
  3. To relate regeneration, transdifferentiation and metaplasia.
  4. To identify the pathological conditions in which they occur.
  5. To understand an example of a pathological condition where regeneration and transdifferentiation predispose to cancer.
  6. To identify other regenerative conditions.
  7. To identify preneoplastic lesions, regenerative and with transdifferentiation through histological and immunohistochemical observation.
  8. To identify the concept of cancer stem cells.
  9. To discuss what are the potential applications of stem cells for tissue regeneration, in reference to Regenerative Medicine.

Molecular Therapies

OPT31 - ECTS

Knowledge of the scientific background of some of the current molecular therapies available in the basic and clinical setting

Develop the skills to define the scientific basis of molecular therapies based on the knowledge of the diseases in order to define the clinial applications of these techniques. Critical understanding of scientific and ethic limitations of molecular therapies.

Background to the  basic rules about the proposal of scientific projects.

Ability for oral presentation.

Work in small groups.

Ability to writte according to scientific rules.

Regional anatomy - dissection approach

OPT157 - ECTS

Some of the unique aspects of cadaveric dissection include the realistic nature of this teaching medium, which allows students to obtain a clear three-dimensional image of the organization of the human body, to prove the existence of variations of normality, to analyze the texture of human tissues, and sometimes, observe and understand pathological conditions.

 As well as being an indisputably important method of learning anatomy, it reinforces the attitudes of respect and compassion among medical students.

It also allows you to learn techniques of dissection and acquire manual dexterity, essential for all future doctors.

 It also enables students to develop critical thinking, problem solving skills and practical application of knowledge

Biogerontology

OPT04 - ECTS

To introduce students to biogerontology and its location within modern biomedicine.

To evidence the biological foundations of functional ability loss (ageing) foccusing on humans, and including cell and molecular changes as well as the role of genes.

To show current frontiers of knowledge in the field and explore biogerontology extensions to other fields and the society as a whole.

To develop the interest in the field and inspire further research in the area.

Biopathology I

MI320 - ECTS

The main aim of Biopathology I is getting the students to learn a language. Learning of this language includes not only the memorisation and recall of words and of concepts but also the capability for using this knowledge in the interpretation of data and for solving pathogenic and diagnostic problems. Another purpose is getting the students to improve their observation and report skills at different levels (macroscopic, microscopic, histochemical, etc.) to become capable of understanding the etiopathogenesis of diseases in biopathological terms starting from observational data.

Brain and Behavior

OPT05 - ECTS

The main goal of this course is to help students to understand how specific motor, limbic, and cognitive functions emerge within the brain. This will be achieved by acquiring and integrating knowledge from several disciplines, such as neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neurochemistry and behavioral neuroscience. The students will be familiarized with modern experimental techniques used to investigate the neuronal basis of behavior. Finally, the students will familiarize themselves with the interests and motivations that have driven the investigation of the linkage between neural circuitry and complex behaviors.

Strategic Marketing and Communication applied to the Health Subject

OPT07 - ECTS The learning outcomes that this curricular unit aims to attain are motivating the students for the importance of the part of the Brand and Communication subjects in a global strategy of competitive differentiation that will allow them to obtain gains in terms of value for the enterprises, institutions, persons and overall organizations, with which they’ll relate; and developing in the students skills related with the decision taking process, always aiming to assure and effective management of their relationships with their main stakeholders, under the perspective of a new scientific paradigm that places the Client in the center of the management of all Health interactions

Communication in healthcare teamwork

OPT06 - ECTS Understand the importance of more effective communication in healthcare teams in order to identify and develop personal skills which result in more collaborative practices whiih enhance greater quality of healthcare deivered and assure patient safety.

Science Communication

OPT08 - ECTS

Effective communication of scientific knowledge is an essential component of any career in the sciences.

The overall objective of this unit is to help train doctors and scientists who will strive for excellence in writing and communicate science in scientific and popular science contexts.

At the end of the unit, the student is expected to be able to:

-select efficiently the scientific sources for its own study and research

-prepare and present a scientific poster

-write a scientific paper

-to develop the ability to analyze critically the strategies applied to communicating science in diverse social and professional contexts

-orally and by writing present a main message from research to a scientific audience and to the public

-plan an interview with journalists, knowing which behaviors should be used or avoid

-write a press release

-present a well written curriculum vitae and a motivation letter

Early Contact with Patients and their Families I

OPT10 - ECTS

To complete successfully this curricular unit, students must achieve the following objectives:

  • To learn the method for collecting the medical history, including the including the psychosocial component and familial evaluation;

  • To use familial evaluation methods at level of Primary Health Care;

  • To develop skills of clinical interview;

  • To evaluatethe weight ofpsychosocial factorsin an individual with chronic disease, disability orrelevant health event.

  • To arguehow thesefactorsaffect the patient’s family environment and of other persons how share his / her life.

Clinical Records and Law

OPT164 - ECTS
  1. Acquisition of basic knowledge in the specific field of clinical records and the rights and duties inherent thereto;
  2. Understanding of the same knowledge;
  3. Application of acquired knowledge;
  4. Analysis of this knowledge;
  5. A summary of the knowledge acquired, with particular reference to the issues of access, re-use, security of clinical records and data protection of natural persons, as well as the impact of these basic and elementary notions on their practices, even as students of medicine, in the future already as doctors and in the rights of all, sick included;
  6. Assessment of knowledge acquisition, understanding and application, analysis and synthesis of knowledge.

Medical Statistics

OPT13 - ECTS This unit aims to empower the students with theoretical foundations and practical approach to advanced statistical methods used in clinical research, assessment of technologies and health service research. After this course unit the students should be able to: identify the correct statistical multiple regression methodology for data analysis; apply these methods using statistical software; interpret the results and apply the correct statistical methdos for rater agreement

Pharmacology I

MI321 - ECTS

Students are expected to learn the current knowledge on the molecular interventions of medicines and poisons and to learn the skills to evaluate new knowledge and new drugs. In detail, students are expected to know how medicines and poisons work. They are expected to know the critical actions for medical practice of drugs with multiple locals of action (drugs that act on the autonomic nervous system, drugs that act on the endocrine system, drugs that reduce the perception of pain, antibacterial drugs and antidotes). They are expected to understand the progress and constraints of current pharmacological therapy and to be able to evaluate future drug therapy.

Medical Pathophysiology

OPT39 - ECTS

LEARNING OUTCOMES:

  1. To know and understand the basic mechanisms of disease manifestation.
  2. To understand the pathophysiology of dysfunction and failure of the body organs and systems.
  3. Identification of pathophysiologic changes and its clinical manifestations in major examples.

Social and Humane Formation

OPT14 - ECTS In this unit, it is intended to promote social and human development of future physicians through service learning.
To create a space where the student could contact with the reality of society and interact with different types of people helping to better understand the Human Person.
It is intended that the student understand their role in society and become more socially responsible.
It is hoped through this course to contribute to a medical doctor more humane and attentive to social problems.

History of the Medical Armamentarium

OPT16 - ECTS

The unit aims to

- provide systematic knowledge on the History of Medicine, in order to arouse the student’s continued interest in the subject as well as to be a tool for interdisciplinary research;

- raise the student’s awareness regarding medical museology;

- teach the history of medical artefacts.

- promote the FMUP’s heritage, in order to raise awareness and provide the scholarly means for its safeguard and its pedagogical and scientific use;

- develop the student’s motivation to apprehend and feel cultural values through self training;

- encourage the development of thinking about Medicine.

Clinical Immunology

MI324 - ECTS To integrate the knowledge of the basic mechanisms of the immune response in the pathogenesis of human diseases. To understand the basic principles of clinical and laboratorial diagnosis and or the treatment of immune diseases. At the end of this Curricular Unit students are expected to acquire the following competences: A - To demonstrate knowledge of immune dysfunction in a clinical perspective and of immunological therapies; B – To apply basic immunology concepts in the interpretation of human pathology; C – To describe common immunopathological conditions and know how to collect laboratorial data to formulate a diagnosis; D – To be able to communicate scientific and technical information; E – To demonstrate skills on continuous personal development.

Integridade académica

OPT149 - ECTS

This curricular unit is intended to assist students to increase their awareness of the importance of academic and professional integrity. At the end of this unit students will be able to:

  1. Know and apply knowledge about core concepts of ethics and academic and professional integrity
  2. Identify academic and professional questionable practices and fraud.
  3. Recognize the impact of questionable practices and fraud (fabrication, falsification and plagiarism) on academic and professional integrity
  4. Demonstrate compreensive understanding about the process of writing and publish a scientic paper
  5. Recognize strategies to promote good conduct practices  

Introduction to research in molecular pathology applied in oncology

OPT18 - ECTS

 

-Indicate the cellular characteristics of the neoplastic cells

- Describe the cellular characteristics of the neoplastic cells

- Identify appropriate methodologies for the study of the various cellular characteristics

- Explain the theoretical basis of the  methodologies

- Experiment techniques for the evaluation of neoplastic cells characteristics

- Distinguish the limitations of the various methodologies

- Explain the various cellular and animal models for cancer research 

- Identify the limitations of the various cellular and animal models for cancer research

- Planning experimental approaches to the study of a certain cellular characteristic

- Interpret results obtained in the various experimental approaches 

Investigação Biomédica: modelos experimentais

OPT150 - ECTS

The global objective of this curricular is to foster scientific skils of future physicians, providing them knowledge about experimental models currently used at diferente contexts in biomedical research.

Laboratory Research ¿ In vitro functional evaluation

OPT44 - ECTS Students are expect to acquire basic knowledge and skills which will enable them to participate in scientific projects requiring laboratory techniques for in vitro functional assessment of myocardium, blood vessels and smooth and skeletal muscle.

Laboratory Research - cardiovascular molecular evaluation.

OPT19 - ECTS Students are expect to be able to acquire basic knowledge and skills which will enable them to participate in scientific projects on cardiovascular sciences requiring laboratory techniques of molecular biology and histologic and morphologic evaluation.

Research methods in medical education

OPT21 - ECTS

This curricular unit is intended to introduce students to mixed research in medical education. 

Medical Microbiology II

MI323 - ECTS The main objectives of the proposed curricular unit are the teaching of Medical Microbiology. We consider fundamental to promote the development of new mental structures, capacities and new attitudes  so the students can analyse and solve problems

Probabilistic Graphical Models

OPT24 - ECTS This unit aims to empower the students with necessary knowledge and skills to use modern methods of probabilistic reasoning for biomedical problems, more specifically regarding theory and practice of Bayesian networks for interdependencies exploration and clinical decision support.

Nutrition and prevention of cronic diseases

OPT26 - ECTS

The curricular unit aims to enable students to acquire knowledge about the role of diet in the prevention of chronic diseases.
It is the objective of UC to provide tools for better critical thinking about the diversity and complexity of dietary factors that influence the health of individuals and populations. It uses an evidence-based approach to analyze the food and nutritional determinants of health and disease and the best intervention options to promote and preserve health.

Medical Propedeutics I

MI322 - ECTS
- to develop skills - cognitive skills and behaviors - in the area of physician-patient communication, including qualification for clinical history procedures and physical examination, including vital signs, head and neck, chest and upper and lower limbs, and neurological examination.

In the course of the curricular unit the student will initiate his contact with the clinical reality, predominantly in the context of the hospital wards, punctually in the context of the external consultation.

Stress and metabolic syndrome

OPT30 - ECTS

This curricular unit is intended to assist medical students to increase their awareness of stress and its deleterious effects on health. At the end of this unit students will be able to:

 

1. Recognize the impact of stress on modern life and health

2. Identify the major mediators involved in stress response

3. Understand the physiological responses to different types of stressors

4. Demonstrate comprehensive understanding of core stress knowledge

5. Review the biochemical basis of the main metabolism pathways

6. Recognize the underlying abnormalities causing metabolic syndrome features

7. Identify stress related diseases

8. Review the biochemical basis of the main metabolism pathways under stress conditions

9. Recognize the main human and animal experimental models, and biomarkers, to study stress

10. Recognize various strategies to cope with stress

Technologies in Medicine: basic notions of image and signal

OPT179 - ECTS The learning objectives of the curricular unit “Technologies in medicine: fundamental concepts of signal and image” consist in the acquisition of knowledge related with signal and image processing and analysis, aiming to provide and stimulate their ability of a conscientious use of the several available technologies in Medicine.

Transmembrane transport and human physiopathology

OPT181 - ECTS

Knowledge on the mechanisms involved in the transport of solutes across biological membranes. Knowledge on the characteristics of specific transport mechanisms, relevant in medicine: involvement of alterations of transport mechanisms in the physiopathology of some diseases, the consequences of pathologies in the transmembranar transport, changes in transport mechanisms in cancer cells, the influence of transmembranar transport in therapeutics. Acquisition of skills in writing of a review article and presenting a scientific paper.

Mitochondrial Alterations and Disease

OPT01 - ECTS 1. To consolidate the learning of normal mitochondrial physiology
2. To understand the key molecular mechanisms of mitochondrial dysfunction
3. To understand how to use the molecular mechanisms of mitochondrial dysfunction for diagnosing concrete clinical situations, namely degenerative and neoplastic diseases.
4. To understand how to use the molecular mechanisms of mitochondrial dysfunction in the aging process and in its relationship with neurodegenerative diseases.
5. To learn how to use the molecular diagnosis of mitochondrial disorders in the development of new therapies.

Data analysis of health information systems

OPT156 - ECTS

To develop a conceptual framework for the reuse of data derived from health information systems (e.g. administrative database, clinical records, EHR) as well as to acquire the necessary skills for its application in health services research.

Medical Anthropology and Humanization of Medicine

OPT02 - ECTS
  • To understand the need for an anthropological reflection in order to have an integral comprehension of Medicine and a more humane medical practice.
  • To acquire the ability to have a professional practice that highlights and safeguards the centrality of the Human Being as a cultural and social subject in the different healthcare contexts.
  • To show the Medical Act and Doctor-Patient Relationship anthropological horizon
  • To acquire the conscience, and of its implications, of the Human Being as an object of Medicine and to recognize Medicine’s anthropological character, as a science and as a praxis.
  • To demonstrate Medical Anthropology contribution, with its two perspectives (philosophical and cultural), to medical culture in face of the emerging biomedical and technoscientific challenges, in order to achieve a higher efficiency and humanization of healthcare programs and services.
  • To recognize the diversity of perspectives and looks over Human Beings relationship with health and disease, in a multicultural context, as an integral element of a more humane Medicine.
  • To illustrate some situations in that anthropological data are particularly relevant to a more adequate therapeutic approach (Pediatrics, Geriatrics, Mental Illness, Terminal Illness, Ethnical minorities, Migrants).

Biostatistics, Information and Decision in Health II

MI329 - ECTS

To develop knowledge on biostatistics, information and critical appraisal of medical evidence and to develop skills to integrate the best evidence in the health care decision making process.

Molecular bioinformatics: from molecules to clinial practice

OPT159 - ECTS

This curricular unit has the following learning objectives:

- Understanding the purpose of molecular biology techniques used in the molecular diagnosis;

- Acquisition of theoretical concepts about several bioinformatic tools commonly used and how to apply them in the interpretation of data from molecular diagnostics;

- Execution hands-on, using a computer, of multiple software tools freely available for the molecular analysis of sequences and query of clinical information and experimental data in databases;

- Development of critical thinking about the data of molecular diagnostics, genetic counselling and therapeutic choices.

Biopathology II

MI325 - ECTS

The main aim of Biopathology II is getting the students to use the study of neoplastic and pre-neoplastic lesions, from general aspects of classification and molecular biology to the various etiopathogenic models in defferent organs and systems.

Contact in Primary Care

OPT09 - ECTS The objectives of this course are:

To know the organization of Primary Health Care (PHC) in Portugal
To know the profile of the providers practicing in Primary Health Care (general and family medicine and public health doctors, nurses, clinical secretary)
To know the health-related social sector activity
To know the functioning of a Family Health Unit (health center)

Early Contact with Patients and their Families II

OPT11 - ECTS

To complete successfully this curricular unit, students must achieve the following objectives:

  • To develop a clinical approach oriented to the patient, his family and surrounding community, dealing health problems both in the physical, psychological, social, cultural and spiritual dimensions.

  • To acquire skills on the continuity of care over time, through a doctor-patient effective communication;

  • To promote the simultaneous management of acute and chronic health problems of the patients;

  • To use familial evaluation methods at level of Primary Health Care.

Genetic instability and disease

OPT12 - ECTS

After approval, the students should get the knowledge necessary to:

- Identify human genome organization and the methodology employed for genome study

- Identify DNA-protein interactions associated with DNA replication, repair, recombination and dynamics of the genome

- Identify makers of genomic instability (ex. DNA microsatellite)

- Identify the main techniques employed for molecular studies, and cellular and animal models for diagnostic and therapeutic assays of genomic instability-associate diseases

- Identify epigenetic modifications associated to genomic instability

- Identify nuclear markers associated to genomic instability employed in diagnostic

- Understand how dysregulation of cell cycle control mechanisms lead to pathology

- Caracterize the main diseases associated to failure of the mechanisms that maintain the integrity of the genome

- Understand and present scientific publications that link molecular studies to genomic instability-associate diseases

Pharmacology II

MI326 - ECTS At the end of the course, the student is expected to understand how medicines and poisons act, and how they reach their biological targets. The student is expected to understand the major rules of quantitative pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics relevant to medical treatment and poisoning. This is achieved by the standard syllabus of general pharmacology and of special pharmacology of drugs with multiple systemic actions.

Medical Pathophysiology

OPT39 - ECTS

LEARNING OUTCOMES:

  1. To know and understand the basic mechanisms of disease manifestation.
  2. To understand the pathophysiology of dysfunction and failure of the body organs and systems.
  3. Identification of pathophysiologic changes and its clinical manifestations in major examples.

Social and Humane Formation

OPT14 - ECTS In this unit, it is intended to promote social and human development of future physicians through service learning.
To create a space where the student could contact with the reality of society and interact with different types of people helping to better understand the Human Person.
It is intended that the student understand their role in society and become more socially responsible.
It is hoped through this course to contribute to a medical doctor more humane and attentive to social problems.

Clinical Genetics

MI328 - ECTS To acquire the fundamental knowledge of the etiopathogenesis of genetic diseases. To teach the students the gestures of the geneticist's activity and the care that the assisting or family doctor should have, not only in tracking the cases that can have eventual genetic interest but also in the relationship with the patient and the geneticist, for the best effectiveness of the genetic counseling.
To establish with the students the framing and interrelations of the existing knowledge for an easier understanding of the new knowledge and develop students’ capacity to correctly transmit to patients and family the information that concerns them, once the situation has been defined by the geneticist.

Genetic in infertility and assisted reproduction

OPT40 - ECTS
Provide students with a deeper understanding of the criteria for the use of assisted reproductive techniques, the limits of the genetic causes and their potential therapeutic and diagnostic approaches.

Population Genetics and Disease

OPT15 - ECTS

- Understand how the knowledge of the global genetic diversity is essential for inferring the genetic causes of certain complex diseases

- Describe the genetic factors responsible for the familiar forms of cancer and distinguish from the sporadic cases

- Design an evaluation study of the genetic susceptibility to a particular disease in a specific population, by using the new genotyping methods

- Use computer tools to explore the worldwide genetic diversity and the heterogeneity in the genetic susceptibility to diseases

- Judge ethical implications of the investment in diagnosis and treatment of diseases prevalent of certain population groups

- Discuss implication of a personalised medicine – costs, expectations, benefits and broad access

History of the Medical Armamentarium

OPT16 - ECTS

The unit aims to

- provide systematic knowledge on the History of Medicine, in order to arouse the student’s continued interest in the subject as well as to be a tool for interdisciplinary research;

- raise the student’s awareness regarding medical museology;

- teach the history of medical artefacts.

- promote the FMUP’s heritage, in order to raise awareness and provide the scholarly means for its safeguard and its pedagogical and scientific use;

- develop the student’s motivation to apprehend and feel cultural values through self training;

- encourage the development of thinking about Medicine.

Infection and Cancer

OPT17 - ECTS - To establish relationships between structural, biological and epidemiological features of cancer-associated infectious agents and the natural history of the infections;
- To distinguish the methods for detection and characterization of cancer-associated infectious agents;
- To compare the different types of cancer-associated infectious agents regarding their mechanisms of carcinogenesis;
- To describe the main epidemiological, clinical and pathological features of infection-associated cancers;
- To integrate epidemiological, experimental and clinical data that establish causal relationships between infectious agents and the respective cancers;
- To explain the contribution of the human microbiota to the pathogenesis of cancer;
- To discuss the potential of infection-associated cancers as targets for prevention and screening strategies and for early detection.

Molecular mechanisms of response and therapeutic resistance in cancer

OPT20 - ECTS

1 - To consolidate the learning concerning the basic principles of cancer and to identify the key molecular oncogenic pathways of the cell.

2 - Identify the major molecular therapeutic targets in cancer and describe their importance in cancer therapeutic management.

3 - To identify the different forms of therapeutic resistance in cancer

4 - To interpret the signaling crosstalk of the major oncogenic pathways in the context of the response and therapeutic resistance.

5 - To explain the importance of the molecular biomarkers in the clinical oncology practice, especially on the stratification of the patients and on the therapeutic decision.

6 - To discuss the importance of the translational research in cancer to the identification of new drugable targets.

Medicina Narrativa

OPT174 - ECTS

This optional curricular unit aims to provide advanced training on the role of Narrative Medicine, crossing knowledge and seeking to contribute to person-centered health care (patients, family members, doctors, other health professionals). It has as one of its main objectives the acquisition of knowledge and skills covered by the area of ​​Narrative Medicine (Charon 2006; Hurwitz 2011). 

Diagnostic Imaging and Lab Test

MI330 - ECTS To know the underlying fundamentals and main steps of the diagnostic strategy in the areas of Clinical Pathology, Imaging and Medical Microbiology

 Specific objectives of Clinical Pathology

- Evaluate the interest of the most frequently available and / or requested laboratory tests.

- Evaluate the importance of sampling conditions as part of ensuring quality and accuracy of results.

- Describe problems of laboratory tests related to quality control, reference values, sensitivity, specificity and predictive value

 Specific objectives of Imaging

- Knowledge of the basic principles of different imaging techniques and their indications

 Specific Objectives of Medical Microbiology

- knowledge of the diagnostic strategy in the main syndromes / clinical pictures of infectious etiology.

- Know how to correctly select the different methods / diagnostic tests in Medical Microbiologye values, and the meaning of SI units of measurement.

Research methods in medical education

OPT21 - ECTS

This curricular unit is intended to introduce students to mixed research in medical education. 

Reflective Practice II

OPT46 - ECTS

Reflective practice is a way of studying your own experiences to improve the way you work. It is very useful for health professionals who want to carry on learning throughout their lives.

The act of reflection is a great way to increase confidence and become a more proactive and qualified professional

Engaging in reflective practice should help to improve the quality of care you deliver and help reduce professional burnout.

Medical Propedeutics II

MI327 - ECTS To develop cognitive skills, - skills and behaviors - in the area of medical-patient communication, including qualification for clinical history and physical examination procedures, including the abdomen, spine, shoulder and knee areas, nephrology and urology, hemato-lymphopoietic system, peripheral vascular system, systemic diseases and geriatrics. During the course unit the student will initiate his contact with the clinical reality, predominantly in the context of the hospital wards, ocasionally in the context of the outpatient clinic.

Protein Biomarkers in cancer: molecular basis and diagnosis & therapeutic applications

OPT28 - ECTS
  • Recognize the current protein-based biomarkers used in oncology.
  • Describe the mechanism of protein biosynthesis, structure and functions.
  • Define major molecular mechanisms leading to alterations of proteins in cancer. The model of gastric carcinoma and colorectal carcinoma.
  • Integrate methods for identification and application of protein research in oncology.
  • Interpret the fundamentals of the treatments applying novel biological products in oncology.

Reprogramming stem cells and carcinogenesis

OPT29 - ECTS
  1. To identify the main features of neoplasias.
  2. To distinguish embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells and iPS cells.
  3. To relate regeneration, transdifferentiation and metaplasia.
  4. To identify the pathological conditions in which they occur.
  5. To understand an example of a pathological condition where regeneration and transdifferentiation predispose to cancer.
  6. To identify other regenerative conditions.
  7. To identify preneoplastic lesions, regenerative and with transdifferentiation through histological and immunohistochemical observation.
  8. To identify the concept of cancer stem cells.
  9. To discuss what are the potential applications of stem cells for tissue regeneration, in reference to Regenerative Medicine.

Molecular Therapies

OPT31 - ECTS

Knowledge of the scientific background of some of the current molecular therapies available in the basic and clinical setting

Develop the skills to define the scientific basis of molecular therapies based on the knowledge of the diseases in order to define the clinial applications of these techniques. Critical understanding of scientific and ethic limitations of molecular therapies.

Background to the  basic rules about the proposal of scientific projects.

Ability for oral presentation.

Work in small groups.

Ability to writte according to scientific rules.

Data analysis of health information systems

OPT156 - ECTS

To develop a conceptual framework for the reuse of data derived from health information systems (e.g. administrative database, clinical records, EHR) as well as to acquire the necessary skills for its application in health services research.

Bioethics and Deontology

MI424 - ECTS

Knowledge: The essential aim of the Curricular Unit of Bioethics and Professional Ethics is that the student acquires the necessary knowledge in health care ethics, especially in what concerns the ethical dimension of health and of disease and its relation with the medical profession. In the plan of the concepts the aims are the acquisition of the more representative ethical theories of human thought.

 

Skills: With this curricular unit the medical student must gather the necessary skills for a responsible exercise of medical profession. The student must be adequately informed about the norms of medical deontology so that his practice is in accordance with the ethical principles of modern medicine. 

Ambulatory Surgery

OPT119 - ECTS It will consist of clinical training with the practical application of knowledge acquired in the years before, in a contribution to teaching in a vertical way and encompassing semiology, semiotics and surgical therapy of the most frequent situations in Ambulatory Surgery and Central Block

Cardiovascular Disorders

MI430 - ECTS Students will gain knowledge and clinical skills on the etiology, pathophysiology, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of the most frequent and/or relevant cardiac and vascular pathologies. The Faculty is composed by Cardiologists, Cardiac Surgeons, Vascular Surgeons, Pharmacologists, Radiologists and Pathologists.  An integrated medical-surgical approach is used.

Endocrine Disorders, Nutrition and Metabolism

MI427 - ECTS Main objective: To acquire the theoretical and clinical practice skills on endocrine, metabolic and nutritional pathology.
Specifc objectives: To identify the most common endocrine, metabolic and nutritional disorders underlying mechanisms. To develop skills in the collection, recording and reporting of clinical information (clinical history and physical examination of endocrine, metabolic and nutritional disorders); To use the information obtained to prepare a list of problems and propose the research to differentiate the main diagnoses and resolve persistent doubts by rational use of complementary diagnostic tools (diagnostic strategy). Acquire a core of theoretical knowledge that allows the resolution of the most frequent endocrine, metabolic and nutritional conditions (resolution of clinical problems). Building a therapeutic strategy using all available means, from the non-pharmacological, such as lifestyle changes, to drugs, surgery and others means of complementary therapy, and be enable to look for information to make decisions.

Neurological Disorders

MI423 - ECTS

- Learning the evaluation and interpertation  of Disorders of Nervous System and muscle in order to set the Neurological Syndrome, and with data from medical history to propose a clinical diagnosis and choose apropriate subsidiary exams to set a clinical diagnosis based in the knowledges of  the most frequent disorders of nervous system and muscle.
 - Imaging exams in the diagnosis of Nervous System and paper of Neuropathological Exam, namely in Neuromuscular and Neurodegenerative Disorders .

- Pharmacological treatment of Nervous System Disorders, namely in Epilepsy, Headaches, Dementia and Parkinson Disease:

  • Neurological examination
  • Neurological syndromes
  • Complementary means of diagnosis - Neuroradiology
  • Epilepsy
  • Dementia
  • Stroke
  • Headaches
  • Spine disorders
  • Trauma
  • Movement Disorders
  • Inflamatory and Demyelinating Disorders
  • Neuromuscular Disorders
  • CNS Tumors
  • Paediatrics Neurosurgery
  • Emergencies
  • Vertigo, syncope and coma
  • Functional Neurological Disorders

Osteoarticular and Muscular Disorders

MI422 - ECTS

Provide student´s contact with fundamental knowledge of the specialties that constitue the course of osteo-articular and muscular diseases (UC DOM).

 

At the end of each semester, the student should be able to accomplish an objective examination of adult and child. He should also acquire general concepts: degenerative disease of the spine and limbs; Childhood disease (congenital hip dislocation / DDH - Clubfoot; bone infections; epiphysiolysis - Perthes, spine deformity); traumatology of the spine and limbs; bone tumors as well as musculotendinous sports injuries.

 

In the context of rheumatic diseases students should be able to identify and evaluate individuals with inflammatory rheumatic disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, Lupus Erythematosus and other connectivitis including Sclerosis Systemic, Sjogren's Syndrome, Inflammatory myopathies, the Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Vasculitis Systemic and Espondilartrites. In addition to these conditions the microcrystalline Arthritis will be focused, as well as osteoarthritis, osteoporosis and other metabolic bone diseases, periarticular Rheumatic Diseases, Fibromyalgia and Musculoskeletal manifestations of non-rheumatic diseases.

 

Introduction to history, philosophy and praxis of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR). General concepts of function and body structures, activities and participation. White Paper of PMR. Evaluation of a patient in PMR (history and physical examination). Metrology in PMR (functional scales). Complementary diagnostic and therapeutic methods in PMR. Rehabilitation in ortho-Traumatology, neurological, rheumatologic, pediatric, vascular, oncological, cardiac and respiratory, vertebromedular forums.

Respiratory and Thoracic Disorders

MI421 - ECTS

Clinical Epidemiology

MI425 - ECTS

The objective is to apply the principles of epidemiology to the study of groups of patients.

At the end of the curricular unit the student is expected to be able to:

Assess the effect of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions on clinical outcomes.

Study the determinants and effects of clinical decisions.

Incorporate the results of clinical epidemiologic research into the decision-making process.

Data Mining in Healthcare

OPT42 - ECTS This unit aims to empower students with the necessary knowledge and skills to: identify problems where data mining techniques could be applied; to apply data modeling methods, and specifically to apply machine learning techniques; to be able to interpret results in the context of practical medicine and clinical research in health services.

Farmacologia de Translação

OPT148 - ECTS

To provide translation pharmacological interventions in disease models. The student should understand the relevance of pharmacological intervention and the pathophysiological mechanisms of the disease that serve as a biological interventional target in pharmacology.

Social and Humane Formation

OPT14 - ECTS In this unit, it is intended to promote social and human development of future physicians through service learning.
To create a space where the student could contact with the reality of society and interact with different types of people helping to better understand the Human Person.
It is intended that the student understand their role in society and become more socially responsible.
It is hoped through this course to contribute to a medical doctor more humane and attentive to social problems.

Oncologic Gastroenterology

OPT65 - ECTS -

Clinical genetics and genetic counseling - impact on daily clinical

OPT78 - ECTS To acquire the fundamental knowledge to relate symptoms, phenotypic  characteristics and family history in conditions of genetic diseases.   To prepare students for the relationship with the patient and his family, valuing the genogram, the diagnosis, the heredity, the recurrence rate and the existing pre-natal diagnosis techniques to substantiate the genetic counseling. Study of frequent diseases with high heredability  and apply the diagnosis methodology and screening of the patient and respective family. Recognition of risk groups that should be screened for genetic diseases and procedure. Classification of genetic factors for disease. Knowledge of more frequent genetic diseases in pediatric and adult ages and those of the oncologic group.  Competence to identify clinical conditions with criteria to be referred to a Genetic Consultation.

Management in Health I

OPT66 - ECTS

To identify the basic concepts of management in healthcare.

Management in Health II

OPT67 - ECTS

To identify the basic concepts of management in healthcare (part II).

Basic surgical skills in clinical practice

OPT41 - ECTS Provide knowledge and stimulate the development of basic surgical skills leading to correct clinical performances.

Invasion & Metastization

OPT79 - ECTS By the end of this UCO, students should know the cellular and molecular characteristics that are inherent to tumor invasion and metastasis, as well as recognize that these characteristics might be modulated by the tumor microenvironment.

These concepts will be explored using specific tumor models. The acquired knowledge will serve as the basis for the UCO Alvos Terapêuticos em Oncologia, where clinic cases and therapeutic strategies will be discussed.

Medical Microbiology research

OPT43 - ECTS

The main objectives of the proposed curricular unit are to stimulate students interest in scientific research in the field of Medical Microbiology

To promote the development of capacities and attitudes, based upon knowledge acquired in formation activities previewed in the introductory course and in other courses such as Medical Microbiology, Immunology, Pharmacology, among many others, with which the students develop research activities in the field of Medical Microbiology, included in a multidisciplinary research team.

Sports and Exercise Medicine

OPT121 - ECTS

To give theoretical and practical knowledge and skills in the field of Exercise Medicine, Sports Medicine and Physical Activity, with a clinical and a therapeutical objective.

This unit as the aim of introducing students to the basic knowledge, skills and attitudes in the care of the patient in the field of Sportive Medicine, particularly in what is concerning the practice of the physical activity, its main complications and injuries, and the basic principles of physical activity prescription in health and in disease.

The skills levels required according to the following two main categories are:

  1. Levels of kowledge: a. Advanced knowledge, b. Detailed knowledge; c. General awarness
2. Levels of expertise: a. Expert (has scientific knowledge and use all the skills according to the scinentific knowledge and clinical implications); b. Advanced (uses some of the skills; c. Beginner (knows some basic skills)

Philosophy and Medicine

OPT173 - ECTS
  • Show a critical approach to problems
  • Creatively solve problems
  • Communicate ideas in a clear manner
  • Identify different types of scientific theories
  • Identify problems in scientific methodologies

Medicina Farmaceutica e Farmacologia Clínica

OPT152 - ECTS

To promote a critical understanding of the medicament, from discovery to assessment and rational use. This approach will both facilitate the learning and application of rules adequate for the rational selection and prescription of drugs, as well as understanding the role of medical doctors in clinical pharmacology units, in regulatory agencies, in industry and in contract research organizations.

General and Family Medicine

MI431 - ECTS The General and Family Medicine curricular unit aims to enable students to acquire knowledge about the fundamentals and basic competences of General and Family Medicine: the management and coordination of primary health care, community orientation, problem-solving skills, comprehensive approach, person-centred and holistic approach.

On the other hand, it is also intended that students acquired knowledge about the organization of the National Health Service, the history of Primary Health Care.

Finally, it is intended that the students know how, in the current practice of General and Family Medicine, is incorporated the practice of Evidence-Based Medicine and new information and communication technologies in the support of the decision of concrete clinical situations.

Nuclear medicine and molecular imaging

OPT122 - ECTS To learn the fundamentals and the semiology of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, including the diagnostic studies and the therapeutic modalities in order to be able to adequately request them in future medical practice

Research methods in medical education

OPT21 - ECTS

This curricular unit is intended to introduce students to mixed research in medical education. 

Clinical Microbiology

OPT81 - ECTS

The main objectives of the proposed curricular unit are the teaching of Clinical Microbiology. We consider fundamental to promote the development of capacities and attitudes, based upon knowledge acquired in courses such as Medical Microbiology, Immunology, Pharmacology, Infectious Diseases and other clinical disciplines with which the students can analyze and solve problems in the field of Clinical Microbiology.

 

Competences: To be able to design, as a member of a multidisciplinary team, a correct intervention strategy in the fields of epidemiology, diagnosis, therapeutics and prevention of microbial diseases, either in the community or at an hospital setting.

Ophthalmology

MI428 - ECTS To show the students the extent of the eye specialists' professional performance.

To stimulate the choice for a professional career as an eye specialist by the students who feel a vocation for the scientific-professional area of Ophthalmology.

To transmit basic notions that allows future doctors to contribute to the screening, diagnosis and treatment of the main ocular diseases

Otorhinolaringology

MI429 - ECTS

1. Obtain basic knowledge in the scope of Otorhinolaryngology.

2. Acquire competences in patient evaluation through clinical history and physical examination.

3. Develop diagnostic strategies and criteria for selection of complementary diagnostic techniques/exams.

4. Enhance the critical view towards the resolution of clinical problems and proposal of management options.

5. Search for a spirit of excellence and compassion in the approach of the patient.
 
 

 

Surgery I

MI420 - ECTS

Purpose:

Acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes that enable essential clinical performance in relevant surgical entities (part I).

Systematic reviews and meta-analysis

OPT71 - ECTS The practice of Medicine – from diagnosis and prognosis to therapy and prevention – is clearly linked to the development, critical appraisal and application of high-quality scientific evidence to support healthcare of the highest quality.  Evidence synthesis studies, namely systematic reviews and meta-analysis, increasingly have a crucial role as a response to the growing accumulation of scientific evidence of heterogeneous nature, design and quality.

Clinical Decision Support Systems

OPT72 - ECTS

To understand the context of clinical decision support system, including their characteristics, requirements, components, evolution, success factors, and risks and challenges for health professionals.

Telemedicine and e-health

OPT73 - ECTS This unit aims to empower students with the necessary knowledge and skills: to evaluate the benefits and limitations of the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) to remotely support healthcare delivery; to efficiently use tools for remote access to information and learning; to identify the main technologies used in the remote communication between health information systems; to structure, design and evaluate telemedicine and e-health systems.

Wound care

OPT133 - ECTS

Acquisition of knowledge, aptitudes and attitudes which enable evaluation and therapeutical orientation of common wounds.:

Knowledge of the tissue healing process;

General principles of wound treatment;

Guidelines for common wound management

Referral criteria for complex wounds.

Vítimas de abuso. Intervenção da Saúde/Victims of abuse. Health Intervention

OPT74 - ECTS
Provide future physicians with the knowledge, with respect to working with alleged of abuse/misuse, with knowledge, skills and attitudes to identify suspected cases, to promote their accurate and timely diagnosis, as well as to properly directing the victims to assure their protection, treatment and rehabilitation, beyond the issues related to the prevention of secondary victimization and the contribution to a possible subsequent criminal investigation.

Therapeutic adherence - from prescription to behavior adherence

OPT155 - ECTS The curricular unit aims to introduce students to the field of Therapeutic Adherence, considering all the stakeholders involved in this problem, and allowing a clear comprehension of all dimensions of patient adherence, patient and condition related factors, treatment related factors, socioeconomic factors, health care system factors and health care professional factors. The curricular unit intends to increase the knowledge of General Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology, allowing for an integrative understanding of the factors inherent to the behavior of therapeutic adherence and the acquisition of specific competencies for current and future clinical practice in the various medicine areas.      

The unit will have four main objectives: to provide students with a comprehensive overview of the nature and extent of adherence based on evidence of non-adherence behavior challenges faced by patients; b) to enable students to identify opportunities for adherence that effectively contribute to the results of established therapeutics and reduce the use of health resources; c) to provide students with a structured approach for assessment of therapeutic adherence; d) to empower students on acquisition and training of consultations skills to support behavioral change in the direction of therapeutic adherence.  

Overall, the knowledge acquired in the curricular unit will serve to gain in-depth contact with a previously neglected area of health sciences, despite its recognition by WHO as one of the most common problems faced by the management of chronic diseases.  At the same time, it will provide medical students with competencies to develop a mediating role between clinical practice and therapeutic outcomes for the patient, which will go along with their future clinical activity.

Hospital Management

OPT127 - ECTS Over the last decades the crisis of the Welfare State in European countries led to a different approach with regards healthcare access. Indeed, the economic and financial lack of sustainability of most healthcare systems is a major social and political concern. In this context, the traditional practice of Medicine must be reframed in accordance with the traditional principles of medical ethics – beneficence and non-maleficence – the fundamental values of modern democracies – equity in the access to social goods – but also taking into consideration cost-containment in healthcare. In this vein, the scarcity of resources implies that the medical decision-making process is also determined by opportunity cost criteria. That is, the balance of the sacrifices that will be imposed to other patients by medical decisions. Therefore, medical education should include the basic principles of hospital management that are a determinant for good clinical practice.

Alcohol, Drugs and Addictions

OPT129 - ECTS

Main objective: to integrate students in topics related to alcohol and drugs of abuse consumption, and drug addiction. At the end of this course the student should have acquired skills:

  1. To master the theoretical and practical aspects of forensic toxicology
  2. To understand the toxicokinetics of ethanol and illicit psychoactive substances in biological systems (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion - ADME) and to recognize the factors that influence ADME
  3. To identify and understand the mechanisms of action of ethanol and various drugs of abuse, and respective toxic mechanisms
  4. To distinguish between legal and illegal drug use and understand the law that regulates driving under the influence of ethanol and psychotropic substances
  5. To identify the key points of the Law that defines the legal regime applicable to the consumption of psychotropic substances.

Therapeutic Targets in Oncology

OPT75 - ECTS Within this UCO, some clinical cases will be discussed as a framework to present novel molecular markers used as therapeutic targets in cancer treatment. The intention is to discuss how these biomarkers modified the actual clinical practice in medical oncology.

Regional anatomy - dissection approach

OPT157 - ECTS

Some of the unique aspects of cadaveric dissection include the realistic nature of this teaching medium, which allows students to get a clear three-dimensional picture of the organization of the human body, to check for variations in normality, to analyze the texture of human tissues, and sometimes , observe and understand pathological conditions. 

Besides being arguably an important method of learning anatomy, it reinforces the attitudes of respect and compassion among medical students. 

It also allows to learn dissection techniques and acquire manual dexterity, fundamental for all future doctors. 

It also enables students to develop critical thinking, problem solving and practical application of knowledge.

Bioethics and Deontology

MI424 - ECTS

Knowledge: The essential aim of the Curricular Unit of Bioethics and Professional Ethics is that the student acquires the necessary knowledge in health care ethics, especially in what concerns the ethical dimension of health and of disease and its relation with the medical profession. In the plan of the concepts the aims are the acquisition of the more representative ethical theories of human thought.

 

Skills: With this curricular unit the medical student must gather the necessary skills for a responsible exercise of medical profession. The student must be adequately informed about the norms of medical deontology so that his practice is in accordance with the ethical principles of modern medicine. 

Cardiogenetics

OPT90 - ECTS 1. Describe the molecular basis of genetic heart diseases;
2. Identify specific phenotypes, being able to integrate clinical and imaging findings, and family history data;
3. Describe methods, strategies, and difficulties in the genetic diagnosis of heart diseases;
4. Understanding the importance of genetic counseling and interdisciplinary

Clinical Communication I ¿ Patient centred

OPT64 - ECTS

To promote and consolidate the acquisition of basic skills for Patient-Centered Interviewing

Determine and explore patient’s ideas, concerns, expectations and knowledge.        Acknowledge how each problem affects the patient’s life.

Ability to screen and evaluate patient’s support systems

Applying specific skills – listen attentively, open questions, facilitate response and positive statements, rephrasing and summarize.

To develop emotion-handling skills

Discovering and exploring patient’s feelings.

Demonstrate sensitive, empathy, acceptance and support.

Emotional self-awareness and self-regulation

To acquire and consolidate the ability for breaking bad news – Six steps protocol for disclosing unfavorable information (Buckman R, Baile W 2000).

Encourage students to consider the individual need for receiving medical information and discover patient’s perspectives, gathering information from the patient, transmitting the medical information, providing support to the patient, and eliciting the patient's collaboration in developing a strategy or treatment plan for the future.

Acquire the skills to tailor significant information and use language appropriately.

Enhance the student’s ability to communicate and care of patients in difficult clinical situations.

Cuidados de saúde baseados na Relação - o lugar da (s) narrativa (s)

OPT163 - ECTS This optional curricular unit aims to provide advanced training on the role of Narrative Medicine, crossing knowledge and seeking to contribute to person-centered health care (patients, family members, doctors, other health professionals). It has as one of its main objectives the acquisition of knowledge and skills covered by the area of ​​Narrative Medicine (Charon 2006; Hurwitz 2011).

Palliative Care

OPT77 - ECTS

The learning outcomes of the curricular unit include the acquisition of skills that enable the student to become an ethical and human palliativist with regards the care of the terminal ill patient and his her family.  . By palliative care it is meant the global, active care delivered to patients who do not respond to curative treatment, to provide him/her and the family, the best possible quality of life.

 Other learning outcomes are

that the students will gather the necessary skills for a responsible exercise of medical profession in the setting of modern palliative medicine philosophy. Some emphasis is put in the high tech end-of-life setting of modern hospitals.

Clinical Records and Law

OPT164 - ECTS
  1.  Acquisition of basic knowledge in the specific field of clinical records and the rights and duties inherent thereto;
  2. Understanding of the same knowledge;
  3. Application of acquired knowledge;
  4. Analysis of this knowledge;
  5. A summary of the knowledge acquired, with particular reference to the issues of access, re-use, security of clinical records and data protection of natural persons, as well as the impact of these basic and elementary notions on their practices, even as students of medicine, in the future already as doctors and in the rights of all, sick included;
  6. Assessment of knowledge acquisition, understanding and application, analysis and synthesis of knowledge.

Cardiovascular Disorders

MI430 - ECTS Students will gain knowledge and clinical skills on the etiology, pathophysiology, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of the most frequent and/or relevant cardiac and vascular pathologies. The Faculty is composed by Cardiologists, Cardiac Surgeons, Vascular Surgeons, Pharmacologists, Radiologists and Pathologists.  An integrated medical-surgical approach is used.

Endocrine Disorders, Nutrition and Metabolism

MI427 - ECTS Main objective: To acquire the theoretical and clinical practice skills on endocrine, metabolic and nutritional pathology.
Specifc objectives: To identify the most common endocrine, metabolic and nutritional disorders underlying mechanisms. To develop skills in the collection, recording and reporting of clinical information (clinical history and physical examination of endocrine, metabolic and nutritional disorders); To use the information obtained to prepare a list of problems and propose the research to differentiate the main diagnoses and resolve persistent doubts by rational use of complementary diagnostic tools (diagnostic strategy). Acquire a core of theoretical knowledge that allows the resolution of the most frequent endocrine, metabolic and nutritional conditions (resolution of clinical problems). Building a therapeutic strategy using all available means, from the non-pharmacological, such as lifestyle changes, to drugs, surgery and others means of complementary therapy, and be enable to look for information to make decisions.

Neurological Disorders

MI423 - ECTS

- Learning the evaluation and interpertation  of Disorders of Nervous System and muscle in order to set the Neurological Syndrome, and with data from medical history to propose a clinical diagnosis and choose apropriate subsidiary exams to set a clinical diagnosis based in the knowledges of  the most frequent disorders of nervous system and muscle.
 - Imaging exams in the diagnosis of Nervous System and paper of Neuropathological Exam, namely in Neuromuscular and Neurodegenerative Disorders .

- Pharmacological treatment of Nervous System Disorders, namely in Epilepsy, Headaches, Dementia and Parkinson Disease:

  • Neurological examination
  • Neurological syndromes
  • Complementary means of diagnosis - Neuroradiology
  • Epilepsy
  • Dementia
  • Stroke
  • Headaches
  • Spine disorders
  • Trauma
  • Movement Disorders
  • Inflamatory and Demyelinating Disorders
  • Neuromuscular Disorders
  • CNS Tumors
  • Paediatrics Neurosurgery
  • Emergencies
  • Vertigo, syncope and coma
  • Functional Neurological Disorders

Osteoarticular and Muscular Disorders

MI422 - ECTS

Respiratory and Thoracic Disorders

MI421 - ECTS

Entrepreneurship in Health

OPT165 - ECTS
  1. Develop communication skills
  2. Build a critical approach to project analysis
  3. Be presented to the necessary tools to accomplish a project
  4. Complement the medical vision with the commercial side
  5. Enable the student to apply their knowledge and technical skills towards founding a company
  6. Understand entrepreneurship and the role of innovation
  7. Know the steps needed to create a startup

Clinical trials: planning, practical aspects and analysis

OPT182 - ECTS

Clinical trials are experimental studies used to evaluate the effectiveness, efficacy and safety of new interventions in clinical medicine. Clinical trials may be framed in the area of health technologies assessment and in the area of clinical and health services research. The objective of this course unit is to address the main aspects of the design, implementation, analysis and interpretation of clinical trials.

Clinical Epidemiology

MI425 - ECTS

Data Mining in Healthcare

OPT42 - ECTS This unit aims to empower students with the necessary knowledge and skills to: identify problems where data mining techniques could be applied; to apply data modeling methods, and specifically to apply machine learning techniques; to be able to interpret results in the context of practical medicine and clinical research in health services.

Social and Humane Formation

OPT14 - ECTS In this unit, it is intended to promote social and human development of future physicians through service learning.
To create a space where the student could contact with the reality of society and interact with different types of people helping to better understand the Human Person.
It is intended that the student understand their role in society and become more socially responsible.
It is hoped through this course to contribute to a medical doctor more humane and attentive to social problems.

Fotografia médica científica

OPT168 - ECTS
  1.  Identification and selection of the different equipment used in medical and scientific photography
  2. Basic principles of photography
  3. Preparation of photographs for printing or for scientific presentations and scientific papers
  4. Management and organization of files and archives
  5. Ethical aspects of photography

Integridade académica

OPT149 - ECTS

This curricular unit is intended to assist students to increase their awareness of the importance of academic and professional integrity. At the end of this unit students will be able to:

  1. Know and apply knowledge about core concepts of ethics and academic and professional integrity
  2. Identify academic and professional questionable practices and fraud.
  3. Recognize the impact of questionable practices and fraud (fabrication, falsification and plagiarism) on academic and professional integrity
  4. Demonstrate compreensive understanding about the process of writing and publish a scientic paper
  5. Recognize strategies to promote good conduct practices  

Medical Microbiology research

OPT43 - ECTS

The main objectives of the proposed curricular unit are to stimulate students interest in scientific research in the field of Medical Microbiology

To promote the development of capacities and attitudes, based upon knowledge acquired in formation activities previewed in the introductory course and in other courses such as Medical Microbiology, Immunology, Pharmacology, among many others, with which the students develop research activities in the field of Medical Microbiology, included in a multidisciplinary research team.

Laboratory Research - In vivo functional evaluation

OPT45 - ECTS

Students are expect to be able to acquire knowledge and skills to carry out a functional evaluation of in vivo cardiac and vascular function, as well as the implementation of animal models of disease. These skills are essential to enable students to participate in scientific projects.

Pain Medicine

OPT80 - ECTS

To acquire multidisciplinary knowledge in the areas of physiopathology, diagnosis and clinical management of Pain.

Medicina Farmaceutica e Farmacologia Clínica

OPT152 - ECTS

To promote a critical understanding of the medicament, from discovery to assessment and rational use. This approach will both facilitate the learning and application of rules adequate for the rational selection and prescription of drugs, as well as understanding the role of medical doctors in clinical pharmacology units, in regulatory agencies, in industry and in contract research organizations.

General and Family Medicine

MI431 - ECTS The General and Family Medicine curricular unit aims to enable students to acquire knowledge about the fundamentals and basic competences of General and Family Medicine: the management and coordination of primary health care, community orientation, problem-solving skills, comprehensive approach, person-centred and holistic approach.

On the other hand, it is also intended that students acquired knowledge about the organization of the National Health Service, the history of Primary Health Care.

Finally, it is intended that the students know how, in the current practice of General and Family Medicine, is incorporated the practice of Evidence-Based Medicine and new information and communication technologies in the support of the decision of concrete clinical situations.

Regenerative Medicine

OPT132 - ECTS

The course aims to introduce students to the new and growing field of Regenerative Medicine, a continuously expanding field of scientific and clinical applications addressing the molecular and cellular basis of cell differentiation and tissue organization. The course aims to expand the histology knowledge obtained in the several courses of Morphophysiology during the 1st and 2nd years of the Medical School, putting them in a functional perspective that will serve as a foundation for understanding the scientific advances in tissue regeneration that are of current clinical application.

The unit will have three main objectives:
  • To provide students with a thorough updated knowledge on the biology of stem cells and other pluripotent cell lines,
  • To introduce students to the varied technologies and materials that make up the current field of tissue engineering,
  • To introduce students to the latest developments in clinical application of methodologies for cell reprogramming and tissue engineering.

Research methods in medical education

OPT21 - ECTS

This curricular unit is intended to introduce students to mixed research in medical education. 

Clinical Microbiology

OPT81 - ECTS

The main objectives of the proposed curricular unit are the teaching of Clinical Microbiology. We consider fundamental to promote the development of capacities and attitudes, based upon knowledge acquired in courses such as Medical Microbiology, Immunology, Pharmacology, Infectious Diseases and other clinical disciplines with which the students can analyze and solve problems in the field of Clinical Microbiology.

 

Competences: To be able to design, as a member of a multidisciplinary team, a correct intervention strategy in the fields of epidemiology, diagnosis, therapeutics and prevention of microbial diseases, either in the community or at an hospital setting.

Probabilistic Graphical Models

OPT24 - ECTS This unit aims to empower the students with necessary knowledge and skills to use modern methods of probabilistic reasoning for biomedical problems, more specifically regarding theory and practice of Bayesian networks for interdependencies exploration and clinical decision support.

Neuroradiology & Neuroimaging

OPT69 - ECTS To teach Neuroradiology and Neuroimaging.

Ophthalmology

MI428 - ECTS To show the students the extent of the eye specialists' professional performance.

To stimulate the choice for a professional career as an eye specialist by the students who feel a vocation for the scientific-professional area of Ophthalmology.

To transmit basic notions that allows future doctors to contribute to the screening, diagnosis and treatment of the main ocular diseases

Ophthalmology in pediatric age

OPT105 - ECTS 1.To understand the normal visual development in childhood and to know the main signs and symptoms for referral to an ophthalmology department.

2.To identify the different pathologies that affects the eye and orbit during the first decade.

3. To be able to diagnose and refer the different ophthalmic pathologies in the paediatric age.

Applied Oncobiology

OPT177 - ECTS Tumor biology and genetics
  • Describe the mechanisms yielding to genetic variation, and be familiar with the various types of genetic variants.
  • Distinguish hereditary genetic anomalies from acquired genetic anomalies.
  • Discuss the advantages and limitations of different genetic laboratory methodologies for diagnostic testing.
  • Demonstrate how to interpret non-hotspot mutations using public databases and taking into account overall genomic aberrations and clonal evolution.
  • Be aware of ethical implications of incidental genetic findings.
Molecular pathology
  • Understand the basics (procedures and rules) of an accredited clinical laboratory.
  • Gain knowledge about different types of specimens (e.g. tissue biopsy, cytology, resections).
  • Get familiar with all the steps that lead from samples collection to final molecular report generation along with all possible bottlenecks.
  • Have an overview about the currently used technological platforms in molecular diagnostics (comparison with the research setting).
  • Get familiar with the most common clinically relevant variants along with their interpretation and classification system.
Bioinformatics
  • Communicate efficiently with bioinformaticians.
  • Describe a bioinformatics analysis pipeline to call mutations from NGS data.
  • Perform quality control at the run, read and variant levels.
  • Use off-the-shelf bioinformatics tools to annotate and support the interpretation of variants.
  • Consider hardware, security and privacy issues when managing omics data.
  • Understand how artificial intelligence contributes to and will further impact personalized oncology.
Applied oncobiology
  • Describe main intracellular signaling pathways in solid tumors and molecular aberrations hampering this signaling.
  • Get detailed knowledge of immunological mechanisms and how these may be used to optimize therapeutic approaches.
  • Get a basic understanding of the principles underlying the design and analysis of clinical trials in oncology.
  • Understand the importance of predictive markers in molecular oncology.
  • Get familiar with the most frequent molecular aberrations in solid tumors and routinely used targeted therapies.

Otorhinolaringology

MI429 - ECTS

1. Obtain basic knowledge in the scope of Otorhinolaryngology.

2. Acquire competences in patient evaluation through clinical history and physical examination.

3. Develop diagnostic strategies and criteria for selection of complementary diagnostic techniques/exams.

4. Enhance the critical view towards the resolution of clinical problems and proposal of management options.

5. Search for a spirit of excellence and compassion in the approach of the patient.
 
 

 

Molecular pathology of developmental diseases

OPT123 - ECTS

The main purpose of this curricular unit is to provide the students with the necessary knowledge regarding relevant aspects of the molecular mechanisms and clinical context of some of most prevalent developmental diseases. At the end of this curricular unit, the students should be capable of presenting a clinical case or a scientific article by integrating the knowledge at molecular and cellular levels in the discussion of clinical cases.

 

In each thematic unit (module) it is intended to practice the following learning objectives:

- Know the molecular and cellular processes underlying each of the presented pathologies;

- Understand the clinical profiles of the pathologies shown;

- Present and discuss in group, in a critical manner, one clinical case or scientific article. In respect to clinical cases, the students should integrate the molecular and clinical aspects. In the case of scientific articles, they should explore the clinical problem, objectives, experimental models, results, discussion and conclusions.

Reflective Practice III

OPT70 - ECTS

Reflective practice is a way of studying your own experiences to improve the way you work. It is very useful for health professionals who want to carry on learning throughout their lives.

The act of reflection is a great way to increase confidence and become a more proactive and qualified professional

Engaging in reflective practice should help to improve the quality of care you deliver and help reduce professional burnout.

Surgery II

MI426 - ECTS

Purpose:

Acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes that enable essential clinical performance in relevant surgical entities (part II).

Repercussions of Systemic Diseases in the Fundus

OPT111 - ECTS
  1. Identificar a semiologia da patologia do fundo ocular
  2. Observar o fundo ocular e distinguir o envolvimento ocular nas diferentes situações patológicas
  3. Aprender a referenciar por níveis de gravidade a patologia identificada na fundoscopia

Técnicas de Promoção da Saúde

OPT154 - ECTS

Toxicologia Médica

OPT153 - ECTS

This course unit has as main objective to allow the contact in the pre-graduation with Medical Toxicology understood as the organized body of knowledge about the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of toxic actions of chemical agents in humans. In this context, enable the student and future doctor to diagnose and treat medical emergencies related to drugs and chemicals. In addition to this aspect of emergency medicine are also addressed themes of environmental toxicology with the study of poisons of animal and plant origin that have toxicity to humans.

It is intended that the student is able to:

  1. Know the principles of Medical Toxicology
  2. Identify and classify the various mechanisms of toxicity
  3. Assess and identify in the intoxicated patient the signs and symptoms of toxicity
  4. Identify the various Toxindromes, know the decision algorithm for a patient with acute intoxication, life support care, nonspecific therapy of poisonings and available antidotes.
  5. Know the most common animal and plant poisons in Portugal as well as the medical approach in the case of intoxication in humans.
  6. To know the toxics used as "chemical warfare" and to treat the toxic situation of each of these agents.
  7. To know and to divulge strategies of prevention of intoxication / poisoning in the man

Wound care

OPT133 - ECTS

sports traumatology

OPT125 - ECTS

Data analysis of health information systems

OPT156 - ECTS

To develop a conceptual framework for the reuse of data derived from health information systems (e.g. administrative database, clinical records, EHR) as well as to acquire the necessary skills for its application in health services research.

Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine

MI524 - ECTS
  1. Integrate into the general training of future physicians the notions of real-time actuation and continuous surveillance of vital functions in Anesthesia, Perioperative Care, Intensive Care Medicine and Emergency Medicine;
  2. Contribute to the acquisition of knowledge and life-saving basic skills, particularly in situations of peri-arrest and severe trauma;
  3. Recognize the critical patient and understand the process of receipt, stabilization, diagnosis and initial therapy and screening of level of care (II and III) of the emergent acute or acute patient;
  4. Understand the methodologies of organic support of the critical patient;
  5. Foster the capacity for multidisciplinary integration of knowledge about patients, particularly in situations of non-cooperation, as well as the capacity to transmit information;
  6. Make known the scope of the professional practice of Anesthesiology and Intensive Medicine as a contribution to the informed choice of your future medical professional career.

Arthroscopy

OPT158 - ECTS Arthroscopy Clinical Practice

Definition of quality and patient safety

OPT128 - ECTS

In this Course students must be able to assess the growing relevance of this area, understand the main models and quality systems, and to values patient safety. Students must develop the concept of risk in healthcare, understand how quality issues should condition management and political decisions, and should define real cases related to the theme.

Spinal Surgery

OPT162 - ECTS - Learn about the most frequent spine diseases in clinical practice and their semiology.
- Make a rational use of ancillary diagnostic exams.
- Practice clinical managment of patients with spine related complains.
- Recognize the clinical conditions that require surgical treatment and their priority.
- Be acquainted with the most common spinal surgical procedures.

Surgery of Obesity

OPT118 - ECTS Clinical training and practical application of acquired knowledge, contributing to vertical teaching, comprising semiology, pre-operative preparation, surgical therapy and post-operative follow-up in the most frequent occurrences in Obesity Surgery.

Laparoscopic surgery

OPT120 - ECTS

Clinical training applying previous knowledge, in a vertical perspective, of the global learning of semiologic, semiotic and therapeutical surgery, in the most frequent laparoscopic surgery situations.

Plastic, Reconstructive, Aesthetic and Maxillofacial Surgery

OPT92 - ECTS ·       To know the different pathologies in Plastic, Reconstructive, Aesthetic and Maxillofacial Surgery;·        To know basic concepts in Plastic Surgery;·        Identify different surgical treatments for each pathology.

Vascular surgery - Clinical Practice

OPT93 - ECTS

Acquisition of competences to accomplish the tasks related to semiology, pathology and essential nosologic clinical entities (frequent and/or relevant) to the speciality of Angiology and Vascular Surgery.

Visceral Surgery

OPT94 - ECTS

Pediatric Clinic

MI526 - ECTS

Learning outcomes of the curricular unit:

The students should be able to:

  • Communicate with the child and family
  • Obtain clinical data, perform the physical examination, and elaborate a clinical report
  • Implement preventive measures in children and adolescents
  • Promote breast milk feeding and adequate nutrition
  • Advice children, families and the community in the promotion of healthy lifestyles
  • Evaluate the growth, nutrition status and development of children
  • Advice on immunizations and promote adhesion to national guidelines
  • Follow the recommendations of the Child and Youth Health Book
  • Identify congenital malformations
  • Take care of the newborn in the delivery room
  • Identify and treat the most frequent neonatal diseases
  • Prevent, recognize and treat intoxications and accidents
  • Identify and manage the abused child
  • Give basic life support to children
  • Recognize the child with severe disease
  • Have the knowledge of clinical semiology and generic therapeutic principles of frequent and/or serious medical and/or surgical diseases
  • Obtain and interpret the semiology of diseases with surgical implications;
  • Adjust the generic surgical principles to the child with a pathophysiologic approach
  • Integrate the principles of decision-making and the operative chronology in Pediatric Surgery
  • Understand bio psychosocial implications of surgical interventions in children
Recognize the conditions for referral in a timely manner

Coloproctology

OPT95 - ECTS

Clinical training applying previous knowledge, in a vertical perspective of the global learning of semiologic, semiotic and therapeutical surgery, in the most frequent coloproctologic situations.

Critical Burn Care

OPT76 - ECTS To acquire competence (mainly medical attitudes and skills) and basic clinical performance regarding vital support, fluid therapy and wound care in burn patient care.

Dermatology and Plastic Surgery

MI530 - ECTS

Knowledge of the clinical pictures, physiopathological mechanisms and principles of therapy for common and/or serious diseases in the field of Dermatology and Venereology and Plastic Surgery. Ability to rank the principles of medical and surgical decision, timely surgical intervention and referral.

Ability to integrate a team of dermatologists and plastic surgeons in the outpatient consultation, inpatient ward or surgical theater. Valorization of self guided and continuous learning, team work and multidisciplinary approach.

Contact and training with different methods of observation, study and therapeutical approach, medical and surgical, of conditions in the field of Dermatology and Venereology and Plastic Surgery.

Digestive and Abdomen Disorders

MI529 - ECTS

In the field of Surgery:

- To acquire theoretical knowledge.

- To be able to collect clinical data while exploring digestive diseases

- to put forward proper differential diagnoses and use complementary exams to attain a final diagnosis.

- to develop knowledge and attitudes in order to establish proper contact with patients and other healthcare involved professionals.

- To acquire the knowledge and skills to understand the complexity of digestive pathology treatments and the frequent need for a multidisciplinary, integrative approach, including the postoperative vigilance and post-discharge follow-up.

In the field of Gastroenterology:

To acquire core knowledge in the area.

To learn how to collect clinical information from the history and the objective exam.

To develop diagnostic strategies by appropriate selection of complementary diagnostic aids.

To propose therapies for clinical problems solution.

To maintain a permanent scientific attitude and ethical judgement.

Infectious Disorders

MI522 - ECTS Através de uma integração tão completa quanto possível na actividade do Serviço, pretende-se que os estudantes tenham a percepção dos aspectos específicos da patologia infecciosas. A complementar esta vivência de prática clínica, serão discutidos diaramente casos clinicos de doentes do Serviço de Doenças Infeciosas (SDI)

Oncological and Hematologic Disorders

MI523 - ECTS

Renal and Urinary Disorders

MI521 - ECTS To enable the student in the collection, registration, gestures attitudes and transmission of clinical information (history of the disease, objective examination and complementary examinations) in the areas of Nephrology and Urology, important for the formation of the pluripotential physician. To use the information to diagnose the main nephrological syndromes and urologic pathologies and to establish lists of problems centered on the clinical situation of the patient. To acquire a nucleus of theoretical knowledge that empowers the student in the evaluation and resolution of the most frequent clinical situations in the areas of nephrology and urology and in the elaboration of adequate therapeutic proposals. Enable the student in patient referral and in search of information for decision making.

Epidemiology of cancer

OPT147 - ECTS

The objectives of the curricular unit are to promote te aquisition of knowledge on the burden of cancer and its determinants in different settings, as well as regarding strategies for prevention and control, relating the evidence regarding cancer epidemiology with the methods and sources of information most important in this area.

Stomatology and Orofacial Surgery

OPT98 - ECTS

Data Mining in Healthcare

OPT42 - ECTS This unit aims to empower students with the necessary knowledge and skills to: identify problems where data mining techniques could be applied; to apply data modeling methods, and specifically to apply machine learning techniques; to be able to interpret results in the context of practical medicine and clinical research in health services.

Phlebology

OPT167 - ECTS

Acquisition of competences to accomplish the tasks related to semiology, pathology and essential nosologic clinical entities (frequent and/or relevant) in the field of Phlebology.

Social and Humane Formation

OPT14 - ECTS In this unit, it is intended to promote social and human development of future physicians through service learning.
To create a space where the student could contact with the reality of society and interact with different types of people helping to better understand the Human Person.
It is intended that the student understand their role in society and become more socially responsible.
It is hoped through this course to contribute to a medical doctor more humane and attentive to social problems.

Geriatrics

OPT99 - ECTS

Critical event management and teamwork

OPT130 - ECTS

Crisis Resources Management (CRM) focuses on cognitive and non-technical skills fundamental for optimum performance by healthcare teams. CRM explores psychological, interpersonal and environmental factors that influence healthcare, especially in unexpected and dangerous situations, where time is a key factor.

The main objectives are:

  • Understand the influence of human factors on errors
  • Identify and understand the basic principles of CRM and patient safety
  • Identify and understand the key elements of an effective team
Develop and implement strategies for proper management of critical events and effective teamwork

Stress Management and Burnout Prevention

OPT170 - ECTS Explore different ways of experiencing stress;
Assess vulnerability and resilience to stress;
Know ways to reduce stress potential;
Provide resources to deal with stress.
Identify and define burnout; prevention strategies and coping mechanisms
To detect physical and psychological consequences of burnout syndrome
To know the psychotherapeutic and psychosocial interventions in burnout syndrome

Obstetrics/Gynecology

MI520 - ECTS

The general objective of the discipline is the qualification of the student with the theory and the minimal practical skills in Obstetrics and Gynecology, necessary for the clinical clerkship of the 6th year of the medical course, for the continuing medical education and for the development of interest on research.

Medical Microbiology research

OPT43 - ECTS

The main objectives of the proposed curricular unit are to stimulate students interest in scientific research in the field of Medical Microbiology

To promote the development of capacities and attitudes, based upon knowledge acquired in formation activities previewed in the introductory course and in other courses such as Medical Microbiology, Immunology, Pharmacology, among many others, with which the students develop research activities in the field of Medical Microbiology, included in a multidisciplinary research team.

Sports and Exercise Medicine

OPT121 - ECTS

To give theoretical and practical knowledge and skills in the field of Exercise Medicine, Sports Medicine and Physical Activity, with a clinical and a therapeutical objective.

This unit as the aim of introducing students to the basic knowledge, skills and attitudes in the care of the patient in the field of Sportive Medicine, particularly in what is concerning the practice of the physical activity, its main complications and injuries, and the basic principles of physical activity prescription in health and in disease.

The skills levels required according to the following two main categories are:

  1. Levels of kowledge: a. Advanced knowledge, b. Detailed knowledge; c. General awarness
2. Levels of expertise: a. Expert (has scientific knowledge and use all the skills according to the scinentific knowledge and clinical implications); b. Advanced (uses some of the skills; c. Beginner (knows some basic skills)

Philosophy and Medicine

OPT173 - ECTS
  • Show a critical approach to problems
  • Creatively solve problems
  • Communicate ideas in a clear manner
  • Identify different types of scientific theories
  • Identify problems in scientific methodologies

Medicina Farmaceutica e Farmacologia Clínica

OPT152 - ECTS

To promote a critical understanding of the medicament, from discovery to assessment and rational use. This approach will both facilitate the learning and application of rules adequate for the rational selection and prescription of drugs, as well as understanding the role of medical doctors in clinical pharmacology units, in regulatory agencies, in industry and in contract research organizations.

Forensic Medicine

MI528 - ECTS

General aim: to promote the development of knowledge, skills and attitudes in terms of the medical procedures in forensic medicine, to assure that future physicians will act in a correct and adequate way, in the best interest of their patients and under the terms of the law, when confronted with forensic issues, regardless of the medical specialty they may have, in an interdisciplinary and articulated group mind-set.

Specific aims: the students will acquire skills and competences in dealing with victims and their relatives, in the preparation of electronic death certificates, in the correct management of a corpse - namely its report to forensic autopsy -, in the description of injuries/sequelae and its photographic documentation, in the physical examination of victims (namely in sexual crimes), in the selection, collection, preservation and storage of the different types of evidence and other samples, as well as in signaling and/or reporting alleged crimes.

Nuclear medicine and molecular imaging

OPT122 - ECTS To learn the fundamentals and the semiology of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, including the diagnostic studies and the therapeutic modalities in order to be able to adequately request them in future medical practice

Clinical Microbiology

OPT81 - ECTS

The main objectives of the proposed curricular unit are the teaching of Clinical Microbiology. We consider fundamental to promote the development of capacities and attitudes, based upon knowledge acquired in courses such as Medical Microbiology, Immunology, Pharmacology, Infectious Diseases and other clinical disciplines with which the students can analyze and solve problems in the field of Clinical Microbiology.

 

Competences: To be able to design, as a member of a multidisciplinary team, a correct intervention strategy in the fields of epidemiology, diagnosis, therapeutics and prevention of microbial diseases, either in the community or at an hospital setting.

Neurosurgery

OPT103 - ECTS

- To guide the learning process regarding most common neurosurgical pathologies (head trauma, brain vascular tumors, spine).

- To promote the practice of patient evaluation, both in outpatient and inpatient clinic, operationg theatre and intensive care.

Neuro-Oncology

OPT176 - ECTS - Guide the learning of the most common CNS oncology pathology.

- Follow the inpatient and outpatient clinic and operating theater in the different areas of neuro-oncology (Neurosurgery, Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy).

- Contact with the latest surgical evolutions (Neuronavigation system, intra-operative ultrasound, fluorescence guided surgery, awake craniotomies).

- Investigation and laboratorial aspects (Immunology, Genetics, Pharmacology, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology).

Ophthalmology in pediatric age

OPT105 - ECTS 1.To understand the normal visual development in childhood and to know the main signs and symptoms for referral to an ophthalmology department.

2.To identify the different pathologies that affects the eye and orbit during the first decade.

3. To be able to diagnose and refer the different ophthalmic pathologies in the paediatric age.

Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

OPT106 - ECTS

To recognize the scope of Pediatric ORL

To enhance the capacities of identification, diagnosis and treatment of the most common conditions in Pediatric ORL

Understand the specificities of the child with ORL pathology in regard to clinical history, physical examination and complementary exams.

 

Surgical Perinatology

OPT107 - ECTS

The student should be able to:

-  Assimilate the role and the impact of prenatal diagnosis;

-  Integrate the antenatal diagnosis attitudes and manifestations;

-  Recognize neonatal surgical diseases;

-  Establish a diagnosis, therapeutic guidance and prognosis on relevant surgical malformations.

Psicotraumatology - Psychobiological fundamentals and relevance in medical practice

OPT178 - ECTS
  1. Educate and empower students with the tools necessary to identify and help patients to cope with the emotional and biological consequences of trauma and monitoring of normal responses;
  2. Identify biological mechanisms of the relationship between trauma and physical illness; obesity, metabolic disease and traumatic events; autoimmune diseases and trauma; trauma and cancer;
  3. Develop skills to identify acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder;
Increase the knowledge of resources and technical support to provide patients with traumatic experiences at risk of developing psychological and physical disorders; to learn the different therapeutic approaches in trauma response disorders.

Psychiatry and Mental Health

MI525 - ECTS

During the academic course students of Medicine, it is crucial to acquire knowledge on diagnostic competences and treatment planning of Psychiatric disorders and to be able to evaluate the abnormal and / or deviant human behavior as well as the emotional / affective pathology. In a holistic perspective, it is also important to be aware of different somatic expressions of the mental disorders and psychological reaction to severe physical illness.

The classes combine different teaching methods, such as theoretical, theoretical-practical (seminars) and tutorial guidance (practical teaching), which allows students to have a more direct contact with mental illness, more active participation and an integrated understanding of theoretical knowledge.

Furthermore, students will be involved in various diagnostic and treatment environments such as hospitalization, day hospital, outpatient clinic, emergency service, consulting and residences, which are incorporated in different functional units (Adult and Elderly Psychiatry, Youth and Family Psychiatry, Community Psychiatry and Day Hospital; Liaison Psychiatry).

Pre-natal screening and diagnosis: the image, hormones and genetics

OPT110 - ECTS General approach to the various aspects of prenatal screening and diagnosis(epidemiological, clinical, genetic, technical, economic and artistic).

Repercussions of Systemic Diseases in the Fundus

OPT111 - ECTS
1. Identify the semiology of the ocular fundus pathology
2. Observe the ocular fundus and distinguish the ocular involvement in the different pathological situations
3. To learn when to refer according to the severity of to the pathology identified on fundoscopy

Clinical Decision Support Systems

OPT72 - ECTS

To understand the context of clinical decision support system, including their characteristics, requirements, components, evolution, success factors, and risks and challenges for health professionals.

Cardiovascular Therapeutics -Evidência and individualization

OPT112 - ECTS

Medical doctors are in need of solid knowledge in the area of Therapeutics. Evidence is in constant shift, the same happening to recommendations. In this light, one of the pillars of this discipline consists in the study of therapeutic recommendations concerning common cardiovascular diseases. The second pillar of this discipline concerns the exceptions to the general rules, and aims at the study of circumstances that may lead to the fact that common recommendations cannot be followed.

Competences: The identification of the main sources of information regarding evidence on cardiovascular therapeutics; to be able to apply a set of recommendations and of therapeutic norms of particular importance in the treatment of common cardiovascular diseases; the identification of circumstances that may limit the application of frequently used norms, setting the stage for therapeutic individualization.

Wound care

OPT133 - ECTS

Acquisition of knowledge, aptitudes and attitudes which enable evaluation and therapeutical orientation of common wounds.:

Knowledge of the tissue healing process;

General principles of wound treatment;

Guidelines for common wound management

Referral criteria for complex wounds.

Emergency in ophthalmology

OPT116 - ECTS
  1. Identification, diagnosis and treatment of the most common conditions observed in an Ophthalmological emergency room
  2. Identification of severe conditions that require referral of these patients

Therapeutic adherence - from prescription to behavior adherence

OPT155 - ECTS The curricular unit aims to introduce students to the field of Therapeutic Adherence, considering all the stakeholders involved in this problem, and allowing a clear comprehension of all dimensions of patient adherence, patient and condition related factors, treatment related factors, socioeconomic factors, health care system factors and health care professional factors. The curricular unit intends to increase the knowledge of General Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology, allowing for an integrative understanding of the factors inherent to the behavior of therapeutic adherence and the acquisition of specific competencies for current and future clinical practice in the various medicine areas.      

The unit will have four main objectives: to provide students with a comprehensive overview of the nature and extent of adherence based on evidence of non-adherence behavior challenges faced by patients; b) to enable students to identify opportunities for adherence that effectively contribute to the results of established therapeutics and reduce the use of health resources; c) to provide students with a structured approach for assessment of therapeutic adherence; d) to empower students on acquisition and training of consultations skills to support behavioral change in the direction of therapeutic adherence.  

Overall, the knowledge acquired in the curricular unit will serve to gain in-depth contact with a previously neglected area of health sciences, despite its recognition by WHO as one of the most common problems faced by the management of chronic diseases.  At the same time, it will provide medical students with competencies to develop a mediating role between clinical practice and therapeutic outcomes for the patient, which will go along with their future clinical activity.

Hospital Management

OPT127 - ECTS Over the last decades the crisis of the Welfare State in European countries led to a different approach with regards healthcare access. Indeed, the economic and financial lack of sustainability of most healthcare systems is a major social and political concern. In this context, the traditional practice of Medicine must be reframed in accordance with the traditional principles of medical ethics – beneficence and non-maleficence – the fundamental values of modern democracies – equity in the access to social goods – but also taking into consideration cost-containment in healthcare. In this vein, the scarcity of resources implies that the medical decision-making process is also determined by opportunity cost criteria. That is, the balance of the sacrifices that will be imposed to other patients by medical decisions. Therefore, medical education should include the basic principles of hospital management that are a determinant for good clinical practice.

Alcohol, Drugs and Addictions

OPT129 - ECTS

Main objective: to integrate students in topics related to alcohol and drugs of abuse consumption, and drug addiction. At the end of this course the student should have acquired skills:

  1. To master the theoretical and practical aspects of forensic toxicology
  2. To understand the toxicokinetics of ethanol and illicit psychoactive substances in biological systems (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion - ADME) and to recognize the factors that influence ADME
  3. To identify and understand the mechanisms of action of ethanol and various drugs of abuse, and respective toxic mechanisms
  4. To distinguish between legal and illegal drug use and understand the law that regulates driving under the influence of ethanol and psychotropic substances
  5. To identify the key points of the Law that defines the legal regime applicable to the consumption of psychotropic substances.

Regional anatomy - dissection approach

OPT157 - ECTS

Some of the unique aspects of cadaveric dissection include the realistic nature of this teaching medium, which allows students to get a clear three-dimensional picture of the organization of the human body, to check for variations in normality, to analyze the texture of human tissues, and sometimes , observe and understand pathological conditions. 

Besides being arguably an important method of learning anatomy, it reinforces the attitudes of respect and compassion among medical students. 

It also allows to learn dissection techniques and acquire manual dexterity, fundamental for all future doctors. 

It also enables students to develop critical thinking, problem solving and practical application of knowledge.

Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine

MI524 - ECTS
  1. Integrate into the general training of future physicians the notions of real-time actuation and continuous surveillance of vital functions in Anesthesia, Perioperative Care, Intensive Care Medicine and Emergency Medicine;
  2. Contribute to the acquisition of knowledge and life-saving basic skills, particularly in situations of peri-arrest and severe trauma;
  3. Recognize the critical patient and understand the process of receipt, stabilization, diagnosis and initial therapy and screening of level of care (II and III) of the emergent acute or acute patient;
  4. Understand the methodologies of organic support of the critical patient;
  5. Foster the capacity for multidisciplinary integration of knowledge about patients, particularly in situations of non-cooperation, as well as the capacity to transmit information;
  6. Make known the scope of the professional practice of Anesthesiology and Intensive Medicine as a contribution to the informed choice of your future medical professional career.

Arthroscopy

OPT158 - ECTS Arthroscopy Clinical Practice

Assistência ao Parto

OPT89 - ECTS To develop the knowledge, skills and competency needed for the routine management of labour and delivery, including management of the main complications that occur during this period.

Burnout and self-care in Medicine

OPT160 - ECTS
  1. Define the concepts and dimensions associated with stress, burnout and self-care;
  2. Recognize the structural characteristics of health organizations and their consequences for the development of conditions that foster emotional exhaustion;
  3. Recognize protective and vulnerability factors associated with the burnout experience;
  4. Develop self-management skills that empower self-care.

Cardiogenetics

OPT90 - ECTS 1. Describe the molecular basis of genetic heart diseases;
2. Identify specific phenotypes, being able to integrate clinical and imaging findings, and family history data;
3. Describe methods, strategies, and difficulties in the genetic diagnosis of heart diseases;
4. Understanding the importance of genetic counseling and interdisciplinary

Endoscopic Brain Surgery

OPT161 - ECTS - To allow contact with a minimally invasive surgery technique, current and with great potential for progression and future prospects (1).
- To learn the anatomy and common neurosurgical pathology amenable to endoscopic treatment/approach (2).
- To promote the contact with the technique in the operating room and also with the patient (both in outpatient and inpatient clinic, pre-operative and post-operative evaluation) (3).

Spinal Surgery

OPT162 - ECTS - Learn about the most frequent spine diseases in clinical practice and their semiology.
- Make a rational use of ancillary diagnostic exams.
- Practice clinical managment of patients with spine related complains.
- Recognize the clinical conditions that require surgical treatment and their priority.
- Be acquainted with the most common spinal surgical procedures.

Ambulatory Surgery

OPT119 - ECTS It will consist of clinical training with the practical application of knowledge acquired in the years before, in a contribution to teaching in a vertical way and encompassing semiology, semiotics and surgical therapy of the most frequent situations in Ambulatory Surgery and Central Block

Esophagogastroduodenal Surgery

OPT183 - ECTS Clinical training and practical application of acquired knowledge, contributing to vertical teaching, comprising semiology, pre-operative preparation, surgical therapy and post-operative follow-up in the most frequent occurrences in Oesophagogastroduodenal Surgery.

Laparoscopic surgery

OPT120 - ECTS

Clinical training applying previous knowledge, in a vertical perspective, of the global learning of semiologic, semiotic and therapeutical surgery, in the most frequent laparoscopic surgery situations.

Plastic, Reconstructive, Aesthetic and Maxillofacial Surgery

OPT92 - ECTS

Outcomes:

  • To know the different pathologies in Plastic, Reconstructive, Aesthetic and Maxillofacial Surgery;
    .   To know basic concepts in Plastic Surgery;
    ·       Identify different surgical treatments for each pathology.

Vascular surgery - Clinical Practice

OPT93 - ECTS

Acquisition of competences to accomplish the tasks related to semiology, pathology and essential nosologic clinical entities (frequent and/or relevant) to the speciality of Angiology and Vascular Surgery.

Pediatric Clinic

MI526 - ECTS

Learning outcomes of the curricular unit:

The students should be able to:

-  Communicate with the child and family

-  Obtain clinical data, perform the physical examination, and elaborate a clinical report

-  Implement preventive measures in children and adolescents

-  Promote breast milk feeding and adequate nutrition

-  Advice children, families and the community in the promotion of healthy lifestyles

-  Evaluate the growth, nutrition status and development of children

-  Advice on immunizations and promote adhesion to national guidelines

-  Follow the recommendations of  the Child and Youth Health Book

-  Identify  congenital malformations

-  Take care of the newborn in the delivery room

-  Identify and treat the most frequent neonatal  diseases

-  Prevent, recognize and treat intoxications and accidents

-  Identify and manage the abused child

-  Give basic life support to children

-  Recognize the child with severe disease

-  Have the knowledge of clinical semiology and generic therapeutic principles of frequent and/or serious medical and/or surgical diseases

-  Obtain and interpret the semiology of diseases with surgical implications;

-  Adjust the generic surgical principles to the child with a pathophysiologic approach

-  Integrate the principles of decision-making and the operative chronology in Pediatric Surgery

-  Understand bio psychosocial implications of surgical interventions in children

-  Recognize the conditions for referral in a timely manner

Coloproctology

OPT95 - ECTS

Clinical training applying previous knowledge, in a vertical perspective of the global learning of semiologic, semiotic and therapeutical surgery, in the most frequent coloproctologic situations.

Clinical Communication II- Patient centered interview

OPT96 - ECTS

Acquisition and consolidation of knowledge:

  1. Theoretical underpinnings of health behaviour models and their modification.
  2. Understanding the concepts of motivation; ambivalence and resistance.
  3. Motivational interviewing foundations (MI) and its applicability (Miller e Rollnick, 1983, 2009).

Promoting and reinforcing the acquisition of advanced patient centerd interviewing skills, with rehearsal of IM techniques, namely:

  1. Identifying ambivalence and resistance to change;
  2. Fostering cessation of health harmful behaviours, including addictions, and promoting change;
  3. Assisting preparation and maintenance of health behaviours;
  4. Understanding and guiding from relapse into harmful behaviours;
  5. Improving adherence to treatment plans and screenings programs.
Acquisition and reinforcement of an empathy-based clinical attitude, favourable to the process of change, avoiding confrontation and persuasion.

Critical Burn Care

OPT76 - ECTS To acquire competence (mainly medical attitudes and skills) and basic clinical performance regarding vital support, fluid therapy and wound care in burn patient care.

Dermatology and Plastic Surgery

MI530 - ECTS

Knowledge of the clinical pictures, physiopathological mechanisms and principles of therapy for common and/or serious diseases in the field of Dermatology and Venereology and Plastic Surgery. Ability to rank the principles of medical and surgical decision, timely surgical intervention and referral.

Ability to integrate a team of dermatologists and plastic surgeons in the outpatient consultation, inpatient ward or surgical theater. Valorization of self guided and continuous learning, team work and multidisciplinary approach.

Contact and training with different methods of observation, study and therapeutical approach, medical and surgical, of conditions in the field of Dermatology and Venereology and Plastic Surgery.

Clinical Records and Law

OPT164 - ECTS
  1.  Acquisition of basic knowledge in the specific field of clinical records and the rights and duties inherent thereto;
  2. Understanding of the same knowledge;
  3. Application of acquired knowledge;
  4. Analysis of this knowledge;
  5. A summary of the knowledge acquired, with particular reference to the issues of access, re-use, security of clinical records and data protection of natural persons, as well as the impact of these basic and elementary notions on their practices, even as students of medicine, in the future already as doctors and in the rights of all, sick included;
  6. Assessment of knowledge acquisition, understanding and application, analysis and synthesis of knowledge.

Digestive and Abdomen Disorders

MI529 - ECTS

In the field of Surgery:

- To acquire theoretical knowledge.

- To be able to collect clinical data while exploring digestive diseases

- to put forward proper differential diagnoses and use complementary exams to attain a final diagnosis.

- to develop knowledge and attitudes in order to establish proper contact with patients and other healthcare involved professionals.

- To acquire the knowledge and skills to understand the complexity of digestive pathology treatments and the frequent need for a multidisciplinary, integrative approach, including the postoperative vigilance and post-discharge follow-up.

In the field of Gastroenterology:

To acquire core knowledge in the area.

To learn how to collect clinical information from the history and the objective exam.

To develop diagnostic strategies by appropriate selection of complementary diagnostic aids.

To propose therapies for clinical problems solution.

To maintain a permanent scientific attitude and ethical judgement.

Infectious Disorders

MI522 - ECTS Através de uma integração tão completa quanto possível na actividade do Serviço, pretende-se que os estudantes tenham a percepção dos aspectos específicos da patologia infecciosas. A complementar esta vivência de prática clínica, serão discutidos diaramente casos clinicos de doentes do Serviço de Doenças Infeciosas (SDI)

Oncological and Hematologic Disorders

MI523 - ECTS

Renal and Urinary Disorders

MI521 - ECTS To enable the student in the collection, registration, gestures attitudes and transmission of clinical information (history of the disease, objective examination and complementary examinations) in the areas of Nephrology and Urology, important for the formation of the pluripotential physician. To use the information to diagnose the main nephrological syndromes and urologic pathologies and to establish lists of problems centered on the clinical situation of the patient. To acquire a nucleus of theoretical knowledge that empowers the student in the evaluation and resolution of the most frequent clinical situations in the areas of nephrology and urology and in the elaboration of adequate therapeutic proposals. Enable the student in patient referral and in search of information for decision making.

Clinical trials: planning, practical aspects and analysis

OPT182 - ECTS

Clinical trials are experimental studies used to evaluate the effectiveness, efficacy and safety of new interventions in clinical medicine. Clinical trials may be framed in the area of health technologies assessment and in the area of clinical and health services research. The objective of this course unit is to address the main aspects of the design, implementation, analysis and interpretation of clinical trials.

Data Mining in Healthcare

OPT42 - ECTS This unit aims to empower students with the necessary knowledge and skills to: identify problems where data mining techniques could be applied; to apply data modeling methods, and specifically to apply machine learning techniques; to be able to interpret results in the context of practical medicine and clinical research in health services.

Phlebology

OPT167 - ECTS

Acquisition of competences to accomplish the tasks related to semiology, pathology and essential nosologic clinical entities (frequent and/or relevant) in the field of Phlebology.

Social and Humane Formation

OPT14 - ECTS In this unit, it is intended to promote social and human development of future physicians through service learning.
To create a space where the student could contact with the reality of society and interact with different types of people helping to better understand the Human Person.
It is intended that the student understand their role in society and become more socially responsible.
It is hoped through this course to contribute to a medical doctor more humane and attentive to social problems.

Fotografia médica científica

OPT168 - ECTS
  1.  Identification and selection of the different equipment used in medical and scientific photography
  2. Basic principles of photography
  3. Preparation of photographs for printing or for scientific presentations and scientific papers
  4. Management and organization of files and archives
  5. Ethical aspects of photography

Gerontopsychiatry

OPT169 - ECTS
  1. To deepen knowledge of the main clinical manifestations, as well as the epidemiological framework in the area of Geriatric Psychiatry.
  2. To increase the skills of exploration and assessment in Geriatric Psychiatry.
  3. To develop ability and critical attitude that allows students to deconstruct the different mechanisms involved in the genesis of neurodegenerative processes and consequently understand their different clinical presentations.
  4. To understand the different types of pharmacological, psychological and social intervention (institutional and multidisciplinary network).
  5. To know how to apply the concepts of Evidence Based Medicine in the area of Geriatric Psychiatry, as well as to develop an integrative perspective of the different concepts of Geriatric Psychiatry.     

Critical event management and teamwork

OPT130 - ECTS

Crisis Resources Management (CRM) focuses on cognitive and non-technical skills fundamental for optimum performance by healthcare teams. CRM explores psychological, interpersonal and environmental factors that influence healthcare, especially in unexpected and dangerous situations, where time is a key factor.

The main objectives are:

  • Understand the influence of human factors on errors
  • Identify and understand the basic principles of CRM and patient safety
  • Identify and understand the key elements of an effective team
Develop and implement strategies for proper management of critical events and effective teamwork

Obstetrics/Gynecology

MI520 - ECTS

The general objective of the discipline is the qualification of the student with the theory and the minimal practical skills in Obstetrics and Gynecology, necessary for the clinical clerkship of the 6th year of the medical course, for the continuing medical education and for the development of interest on research.

History of Medicine

OPT171 - ECTS

To build up the students' awareness of the history of their school from the perspective of teachers and students; to learn about Medical History in Portugal and the world, in a systematic way, in order to encourage students to study this subject further as an important aid in their future medical research; to identify and value the importance of socio-cultural factors in the development and evolution of their profession trough the history of Mankind; to assess the importance of the scientific method for the development of medical science; to be motivated to grasp and feel cultural values through independent training; to simulate critical thought about contemporary medicine and what it stands for; to contribute to a growing humanization of medicine ; to raise awareness of the subject of Museology in general and in relation to medicine in particular; to make know the artefacts and documental heritage of the Medical School, in order to encourage and allow for its conservation and use as reference sources for medical and historic learning.

Clinical Allergy and Immunology

OPT100 - ECTS The learning outcomes are concordant with the recommendations made by the World Allergy Organization in the 2009 WAO Position Statement “Recommendations for Competency in Allergy Training for Undergraduates Qualifying as Medical Practitioners”.
The content has been chosen and structured to ensure that it covers both the immunological mechanisms underlying common allergic manifestations and the most up-to-date diagnostic and therapeutic techniques available to manage allergic disease.
Students should acquire knowledge and understanding of the following:
  1. the immune mechanisms involved in allergic disease; 
  2. diagnostic tests available for the presence of allergy; 
  3. the most up-to-date treatments for asthma, eczema, rhinitis, food allergy, drug allergy and hypersensitivity, and venom allergy
  4. diagnosis and anaphylaxis treatment

Integridade académica

OPT149 - ECTS

This curricular unit is intended to assist students to increase their awareness of the importance of academic and professional integrity. At the end of this unit students will be able to:

  1. Know and apply knowledge about core concepts of ethics and academic and professional integrity
  2. Identify academic and professional questionable practices and fraud.
  3. Recognize the impact of questionable practices and fraud (fabrication, falsification and plagiarism) on academic and professional integrity
  4. Demonstrate compreensive understanding about the process of writing and publish a scientic paper
  5. Recognize strategies to promote good conduct practices  

Health Research using Secondary Data

OPT151 - ECTS

The objectives of the curricular unit are to promote the application of concepts and methodologies from epidemiology to investigations using secondary data, in different areas of health research.

Medical Microbiology research

OPT43 - ECTS

The main objectives of the proposed curricular unit are to stimulate students interest in scientific research in the field of Medical Microbiology

To promote the development of capacities and attitudes, based upon knowledge acquired in formation activities previewed in the introductory course and in other courses such as Medical Microbiology, Immunology, Pharmacology, among many others, with which the students develop research activities in the field of Medical Microbiology, included in a multidisciplinary research team.

Pain Medicine

OPT80 - ECTS

To acquire multidisciplinary knowledge in the areas of physiopathology, diagnosis and clinical management of Pain.

Reproductive Medicine, Medically Assisted Procreation, and Minimally Invasive Surgery

OPT101 - ECTS
Address the prevalence of infertility, its etiologies, diagnostic and therapeutic evaluation.
Adress assisted reproductive technologies and its complications
Adress the indications for fertility preservation and its options.

Medicina Farmaceutica e Farmacologia Clínica

OPT152 - ECTS

To promote a critical understanding of the medicament, from discovery to assessment and rational use. This approach will both facilitate the learning and application of rules adequate for the rational selection and prescription of drugs, as well as understanding the role of medical doctors in clinical pharmacology units, in regulatory agencies, in industry and in contract research organizations.

Forensic Medicine at the Emergence Room

OPT102 - ECTS To provide future medical doctors who may come to work in urgent medical care settings in their future, with knowledge, skills and atitudes that garantee a proper perfomance of clinical gestures with forensic character which are adequate from a technical, ethical and legal point of view. Their intervention, if adequate, may be decisive in the best interest of patiens.

Forensic Medicine

MI528 - ECTS

General aim: to promote the development of knowledge, skills and attitudes in terms of the medical procedures in forensic medicine, to assure that future physicians will act in a correct and adequate way, in the best interest of their patients and under the terms of the law, when confronted with forensic issues, regardless of the medical specialty they may have, in an interdisciplinary and articulated group mind-set.

Specific aims: the students will acquire skills and competences in dealing with victims and their relatives, in the preparation of electronic death certificates, in the correct management of a corpse - namely its report to forensic autopsy -, in the description of injuries/sequelae and its photographic documentation, in the physical examination of victims (namely in sexual crimes), in the selection, collection, preservation and storage of the different types of evidence and other samples, as well as in signaling and/or reporting alleged crimes.

Perioperative Medicine

OPT175 - ECTS In the nursery,operative theatre, post unit care students learn basic anesthesia skills on routine cases under close faculty supervision.Discuss the impact of a patient’s comorbidities on their suitability, readiness and/or medical optimization for anesthesia and surgery. Preoperative preparation of patient, monitoring en-route to OR. Airway management.Interpersonal and communication skills.

Regenerative Medicine

OPT132 - ECTS

The course aims to introduce students to the new and growing field of Regenerative Medicine, a continuously expanding field of scientific and clinical applications addressing the molecular and cellular basis of cell differentiation and tissue organization. The course aims to expand the histology knowledge obtained in the several courses of Morphophysiology during the 1st and 2nd years of the Medical School, putting them in a functional perspective that will serve as a foundation for understanding the scientific advances in tissue regeneration that are of current clinical application.

The unit will have three main objectives:
  • To provide students with a thorough updated knowledge on the biology of stem cells and other pluripotent cell lines,
  • To introduce students to the varied technologies and materials that make up the current field of tissue engineering,
  • To introduce students to the latest developments in clinical application of methodologies for cell reprogramming and tissue engineering.

Clinical Microbiology

OPT81 - ECTS

The main objectives of the proposed curricular unit are the teaching of Clinical Microbiology. We consider fundamental to promote the development of capacities and attitudes, based upon knowledge acquired in courses such as Medical Microbiology, Immunology, Pharmacology, Infectious Diseases and other clinical disciplines with which the students can analyze and solve problems in the field of Clinical Microbiology.

 

Competences: To be able to design, as a member of a multidisciplinary team, a correct intervention strategy in the fields of epidemiology, diagnosis, therapeutics and prevention of microbial diseases, either in the community or at an hospital setting.

Probabilistic Graphical Models

OPT24 - ECTS This unit aims to empower the students with necessary knowledge and skills to use modern methods of probabilistic reasoning for biomedical problems, more specifically regarding theory and practice of Bayesian networks for interdependencies exploration and clinical decision support.

Neurosurgery

OPT103 - ECTS
  • To guide the learning process regarding most common neurosurgical pathologies (head trauma, brain vascular tumors, spine)
  • To promote the practice of patient evaluation, both in outpatient and inpatient clinic, operationg theatre and intensive care

Ophthalmology in pediatric age

OPT105 - ECTS 1.To understand the normal visual development in childhood and to know the main signs and symptoms for referral to an ophthalmology department.

2.To identify the different pathologies that affects the eye and orbit during the first decade.

3. To be able to diagnose and refer the different ophthalmic pathologies in the paediatric age.

Applied Oncobiology

OPT177 - ECTS Tumor biology and genetics
  • Describe the mechanisms yielding to genetic variation, and be familiar with the various types of genetic variants.
  • Distinguish hereditary genetic anomalies from acquired genetic anomalies.
  • Discuss the advantages and limitations of different genetic laboratory methodologies for diagnostic testing.
  • Demonstrate how to interpret non-hotspot mutations using public databases and taking into account overall genomic aberrations and clonal evolution.
  • Be aware of ethical implications of incidental genetic findings.
Molecular pathology
  • Understand the basics (procedures and rules) of an accredited clinical laboratory.
  • Gain knowledge about different types of specimens (e.g. tissue biopsy, cytology, resections).
  • Get familiar with all the steps that lead from samples collection to final molecular report generation along with all possible bottlenecks.
  • Have an overview about the currently used technological platforms in molecular diagnostics (comparison with the research setting).
  • Get familiar with the most common clinically relevant variants along with their interpretation and classification system.
Bioinformatics
  • Communicate efficiently with bioinformaticians.
  • Describe a bioinformatics analysis pipeline to call mutations from NGS data.
  • Perform quality control at the run, read and variant levels.
  • Use off-the-shelf bioinformatics tools to annotate and support the interpretation of variants.
  • Consider hardware, security and privacy issues when managing omics data.
  • Understand how artificial intelligence contributes to and will further impact personalized oncology.
Applied oncobiology
  • Describe main intracellular signaling pathways in solid tumors and molecular aberrations hampering this signaling.
  • Get detailed knowledge of immunological mechanisms and how these may be used to optimize therapeutic approaches.
  • Get a basic understanding of the principles underlying the design and analysis of clinical trials in oncology.
  • Understand the importance of predictive markers in molecular oncology.
  • Get familiar with the most frequent molecular aberrations in solid tumors and routinely used targeted therapies.

Molecular pathology of developmental diseases

OPT123 - ECTS

The main purpose of this curricular unit is to provide the students with the necessary knowledge regarding relevant aspects of the molecular mechanisms and clinical context of some of most prevalent developmental diseases. At the end of this curricular unit, the students should be capable of presenting a clinical case or a scientific article by integrating the knowledge at molecular and cellular levels in the discussion of clinical cases.

 

In each thematic unit (module) it is intended to practice the following learning objectives:

- Know the molecular and cellular processes underlying each of the presented pathologies;

- Understand the clinical profiles of the pathologies shown;

- Present and discuss in group, in a critical manner, one clinical case or scientific article. In respect to clinical cases, the students should integrate the molecular and clinical aspects. In the case of scientific articles, they should explore the clinical problem, objectives, experimental models, results, discussion and conclusions.

Family Plannig

OPT108 - ECTS

To prepare the student for the resolution of most basic problems of a Family Planning consultation, in order to make him able to integrate primary health care teams, namely in the context of the support of unfavoured national and international communities. To provide the student with deeper knowledge and experience in the clinical area of the optional discipline, in order to make him more able to decide if he wants to pursue a career in this area.
The student should be able to develop competencies regarding:
- the understanding of the importance of Family Planning in the promotion of health and quality of life;
- the screening, diagnosis, medical treatment and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and gynaecologic cancer;
- the detailed knowledge about the prescription of the most common conceptive and contraceptive methods;
- non directive counselling;
- legislation.

Reflective Practice IV

OPT131 - ECTS

Reflective practice is a way of studying your own experiences to improve the way you work. It is very useful for health professionals who want to carry on learning throughout their lives.

The act of reflection is a great way to increase confidence and become a more proactive and qualified professional

Engaging in reflective practice should help to improve the quality of care you deliver and help reduce professional burnout.

Psychiatry and Mental Health

MI525 - ECTS

During the academic course students of Medicine, it is crucial to acquire knowledge on diagnosc competences and
treatment planning of Psychiatric disorders and to be able to evaluate the abnormal and / or deviant human behavior
as well as the emoonal / affecve pathology. In a holisc perspecve, it is also important to be aware of different
somac expressions of the mental disorders and psychological reacon to severe physical illness.
The classes combine different teaching methods, such as theorecal, theorecal-praccal (seminars) and tutorial
guidance (praccal teaching), which allows students to have a more direct contact with mental illness, more acve
parcipaon and an integrated understanding of theorecal knowledge.
Furthermore, students will be involved in various diagnosc and treatment environments such as hospitalizaon, day
hospital, outpaent clinic, emergency service, consulng and residences, which are incorporated in different funconal
units (Adult and Elderly Psychiatry, Youth and Family Psychiatry, Community Psychiatry and Day Hospital; Liaison
Psychiatry).

Repercussions of Systemic Diseases in the Fundus

OPT111 - ECTS
  1. Identificar a semiologia da patologia do fundo ocular
  2. Observar o fundo ocular e distinguir o envolvimento ocular nas diferentes situações patológicas
  3. Aprender a referenciar por níveis de gravidade a patologia identificada na fundoscopia

Cardiovascular Therapeutics -Evidência and individualization

OPT112 - ECTS

Medical doctors are in need of solid knowledge in the area of Therapeutics. Evidence is in constant shift, the same happening to recommendations. In this light, one of the pillars of this discipline consists in the study of therapeutic recommendations concerning common cardiovascular diseases. The second pillar of this discipline concerns the exceptions to the general rules, and aims at the study of circumstances that may lead to the fact that common recommendations cannot be followed.

Competences: The identification of the main sources of information regarding evidence on cardiovascular therapeutics; to be able to apply a set of recommendations and of therapeutic norms of particular importance in the treatment of common cardiovascular diseases; the identification of circumstances that may limit the application of frequently used norms, setting the stage for therapeutic individualization.

Wound care

OPT133 - ECTS

sports traumatology

OPT125 - ECTS

Emergency in ophthalmology

OPT116 - ECTS
  1. Identification, diagnosis and treatment of the most common conditions observed in an Ophthalmological emergency room
  2. Identification of severe conditions that require referral of these patients

Urogynecology

OPT117 - ECTS Learning outcomes of the curricular unit:

Prepare the student to solve the most basic problems of a Urogynecology consultation, conveying knowledge of anatomy and physiology of the pelvic floor, the diagnosis and treatment of urogynecologic pathology  and pelvic floor dysfunction, particularly genital prolapse and urinary incontinence.

Pediatric Urology

OPT134 - ECTS The student should be able to:

 - Recognize the role and impact of urological diseases in child;

 - Assimilate the main clinical pictures in Pediatric Urology;

 - Establish a diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic guidance in relevant pediatric urological diseases.

Surgery (clinical practice)

MI621 - ECTS

Aquisition of competences that enable basic clinical performance in Surgery.

Dissertation/Project

MI622 - ECTS

This curricular unit, based on specific skills and / or acquired over the Integrated Master Medicine Course, aim to give specific skills to develop a research project in an interest area. 

 

Obstetrics/Gynecology (clinical practice)

MI623 - ECTS

The main objective is to introduce the medical student into general obstetrical and gynecological clinical practice.


The preferred areas are the prevention, screening, diagnosis and treatment of the most frequent pathologies and obstetric and gynecological emergencies.

 

General and Family Medicine (clinical practice)

MI624 - ECTS

To introduce the students to the atmosphere of modern General Practice, in the teams of Primary Health Care, in epidemiology, consultation and practice of Medicine in this context; Expose the students to the appropriate context for them to learn the foundations of Public Health, prevention, screening of the early diseases diagnosis and of health promotion; Study of the community aspects of pediatrics, mental health, obstetrics, women’s health, psycho-social medicine and geriatrics care; To develop the students’ capacities to work independently, be it in a clinic, be it in self-education; To develop professional attitudes toward improving health care leading to good working relationships; Enlarge their experience in ethical subjects, in communication skills and in evidence based on clinical practice.

Medicine (clinical practice)

MI620 - ECTS

At the end of the clinical rotation the student should be able to:
Apply the clinical method, in the context of the overall diagnosis that Internal Medicine implies; Integrate the acquired knowledge and information; Make clinical decisions; Relate adequately with patients, their relatives, members of the medical staff and other professionals of the health teams; Use informatics means; Exercise clinical practice in an autonomous way under supervision.

Pediatrics (clinical practice)

MI625 - ECTS

Learning objectives - knowledge, skills and competences (cognitive, affective and psycho-motor domains) to be developed by the students:

General objectives
: includes knowledge, attitudes and skills which allow the student to provide child health-care in a familial and social environment.

Specific objectives: the student must consolidate knowledge about normal child: growth and development; familial, social and school integration; nutritional needs; prevention by vaccination; appropriate heath- life style, social child protection and health-care network.

Students must learn to diagnose and to treat common child diseases; to screen and guide rare diseases beyond their competences; to provide health-care in urgent situation; to recognize the disease impact on the child and his family.

In summary, the student must have knowledge and skills in order:

To communicate with patients, their families and other health professionals

To perform clinical child and adolescent examination

To appropriately decide about subsidiary exams

To discuss diagnosis hypothesis

To perform current treatment techniques

To make appropriate therapeutic decisions

To follow-up the child concerning pathologies and therapeutic decisions

To bear always in mind ethics behavior.

Psychiatry (clinical practice)

MI626 - ECTS

The overall objective of this course is the application and development of supervised clinical practice of knowledge, skills and attitudes previously acquired in the Psychiatric Mental Health course in the 5th year, with particular emphasis on clinical and preventive aspects. It is organized in professional training blocks, which include tutorial practice.

The objective in the area of knowledge is to extend the topics covered in the 5th year programme, applying them to clinical practice through tutorial monitoring of people with psychiatric disorders, developing individual capacities to carry out medical practice with increasing responsibility and autonomy.

The objectives in the field of skills include the ability development of presentation of clinical cases with autonomy in observation of a psychiatric patient, doing a clinical history and conducting an examination, establishing a diagnosis, differential diagnosis, prognosis and proposal of therapeutic orientation. It also includes bibliographic research capacity and analysis of scientific evidence.

It is also important to raise interns' awareness to aspects of the function and structure of the National Health Service, public health and in particular, the organization of mental health care in Portugal.

The objectives in the field of attitudes should value the communication capacity and the integration in teamwork with multidisciplinary collaboration, with particular emphasis on family, social, psychological, vocational / educational and medical-legal components of the mental illness framework.

One should also appreciate the need for to motivate and to strengthen the scientific basis of clinical decision-making, the methodology of self-learning and continuing education as well as the transmission of knowledge to medical students. Regular cooperation between students in scientific projects will be desirable, instilling an investigative approach early in their career.

Public Health

MI627 - ECTS This course aims to contact with the practice of Public Health and thus recognize the specificities of this medical speciality, the scope of its intervention, and recognize its relevance in the dialogue with other specialities. This curricular unit complements the curricular course that during the Integrated Master's Degree in Medicine comprised, among others, the theoretical-practical training in Population Health, General Epidemiology, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics.


OBJECTIVES OF THE CURRICULAR UNIT
I. To know and better understand how, where and when the public health professionals act, with emphasis on the activity of public health physicians;
II. To know and better understand the practical conditions and processes involved in health planning, evaluation of community interventions, and health authority;
III. To know the main challenges to the practice of public health and to understand how the different organizations (NGOs, Municipalities, Health Unit, etc.) involved in health promotion and disease prevention are integrated;
IV. Diagnose the health problems of a population and its determinants, prioritize health needs, and define the most appropriate strategies to meet these needs, according to the determinants and population where it occurs;
V. Contact with the activities of monitoring and control of communicable diseases and environmental risks;
VI. Contact with health promotion activities through community intervention projects and programs.
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