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Introduction to Medicine I: Theory of Medicine

Code: MI104     Acronym: IMED1

Classification Keyword
OFICIAL Medicine

Instance: 2009/2010 - 1S

Active? Yes
Web Page: http://sbim.med.up.pt/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=268&Itemid=409&lang=pt
Responsible unit: Biostatistics and Medical Informatics
Course/CS Responsible: Integrated Master in Medicine

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
MIMED 319 Mestrado Integrado em Medicina 2007 1 - 5 50 135

Teaching language



The practice of Medicine, based on diagnosis, therapeutics and disease prevention, is increasingly demanding in terms of scientific methods and technologies of acquisition, storage, processing, analysis, transmission, assessment methods and assessment of medical knowledge. Introduction to Medicine I and II subjects, aim to motivate students to these methods and technologies so that as future medical doctors, they will have greater facility (a) to continuous learning, a crucial condition for their basic, specialized and continuous professional development; (b) to be aware of the attitudes and tools for the medical research, so important to the advancement of medical knowledge; (c) to be able to make assessments, essential for the medical audit and the continuous improvement of the health care quality; (d) to share the divulgation of information and communication among health professionals and patients; (e) to develop skills in decision making, a constant requirement for the individual in the social context of medical practice; (f) to promote an empathetic manner, the main quality of doctor-patient and inter professional relationships. Introduction to Medicine I: theory of Medicine course will teach theoretical foundations of Medical practice with focus on History of Medicine topics, Bioethics and Research Methodology in Health. Introduction to Medicine II: Health Information course will teach several topics on Biostatistics and Medical Informatics.


History of Medicine: Medicine, a limitless heritage; health and disease over past and present; the great periods of Portuguese Medicine; history of Anatomy and Surgery; the evolution of surgical tools.
Bioethics: basic concepts and definitions; ethics in health care; the doctor-patient relationship and its specificities, the rights and obligations of both intervenient; medical responsibility: its limits and implications; experiments on human beings: ethics committees; distributive justice and health priorities.
Research Methodology: questions formulation; bibliographic search; study design; tools for data collection; selection of participants; measures of disease frequency and effect; research protocols; systematic and random errors; reproducibility and validity of scientific studies; interpretation of result; assessment of diagnosis test and systematic search and metanalysis.

Teaching methods and learning activities

50 contact hours; 2 hours of lectures or seminars and 2 hours and 30 minutes theoretical-practical classes, per week.



Evaluation Type

Distributed evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

Description Type Time (hours) Weight (%) End date
Attendance (estimated) Participação presencial 0,00
Total: - 0,00

Eligibility for exams

Continuous assessment (6 marks: 0-20 scale): Covers the assessment of the student’s participation in the teaching and learning process of the discipline throughout the Semester. and specially, on questions that will be answered individually during the practical classes, up to 4 marks, and in the teachers opinion about each student, up to 2 marks. Each student should create a personal homepage.
Group Work (6 marks: 0-20 scale): Covers the assessment of a project, done by a group of students, orientated by a professor. The project themes are proposed by the teaching team at the beginning of Semester Typically, the projects include the elaboration of a research protocol – including the question, bibliographic search and study design - and will be presented and discussed in a seminar. At the end of the Semester., each group must submit in their research protocol and a web site presenting the work developed.
Final Exam (8 marks: 0-20 scale) the students may only be admitted to the final exam if they have succeeded in the group work and have obtained 5 or more marks in the sum of the work and the continuous assessment. The exam covers the theoretical content of the program of the discipline, consisting of: (a) closed answer, multiple-choice and simple open questions (b) short answer and (c) long answer. The assessment of the exam, for a total of 8 marks, will be made according to the following areas: History of Medicine (2 marks); Bioethics (2 marks) and Research Methodology (4 marks). The exam is of 90-minute duration. Only the students who obtain a mark equal or higher than 0.8 at both Bioethics and History of Medicine areas, a mark equal or higher than 1.6 at Research Methodology area and a marks up to 3.8 marks in the exam will have a pass.

Calculation formula of final grade

Final assessment: after passing the final exam, the final marks of the discipline will be obtained by the sum of the averages of the continuous assessment, group work and the final exam.


A great part of the pedagogical material of computer-assisted teaching and the diverse texts of support developed by the Teaching staff of the discipline are available on the Intranet. These Web pages may be consulted in the informatics laboratories of the discipline or by means of external computers as long as they have connections to Internet and have a personal login and password.
Other than this, the following books are still recommended:
History of Medicine
História da Medicina em Portugal: Doutrinas e Instituições Maximiliano Lemos. 2 volumes. Lisboa: Publicações D. Quixote/Ordem dos Médicos, 1991; Análise da Estrutura e Forma dos Instrumentos Cirúrgicos. O Contributo Português desde o Séc. XVII ao Séc. XX Amélia Ricon Ferraz. Porto: Medisa Edições e Divulgações Científicas, Lda, 1996; Medicine: An Illustrated History Lyons AS, Petrucelli RJ; New York: Abrams, 1978.
Ética em Cuidados de Saúde Daniel Serrão, Rui Nunes. Porto Editora, 1999; Principles of Biomedical Ethics Beaucham TL, Childress JF. Oxford University Press, 1994.
Research Methodology
Designing Clinical Research Hulley SB, Cummings SR et al. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2000.
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