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Code: CINF021     Acronym: LING

Classification Keyword
OFICIAL Language Sciences

Instance: 2021/2022 - 2S Ícone do Moodle

Active? Yes
E-learning page: https://moodle.up.pt/
Responsible unit: Department of Portuguese and Romance Studies
Course/CS Responsible: Bachelor of Arts in Information Science

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
CINF 58 CINF - Study Plan 1 - 6 56 162

Teaching Staff - Responsibilities

Teacher Responsibility
Rui Manuel Sousa Silva

Teaching - Hours

Theoretical and practical : 4,00
Type Teacher Classes Hour
Theoretical and practical Totals 1 4,00
Rui Manuel Sousa Silva 4,00

Teaching language

Suitable for English-speaking students
Obs.: Português


1. acquisition of basic knowledge in linguistics;
2. acquisition of skills and competences to accurately and soundly reflect on how languages, and Portuguese in particular, work;
3. mastery of basic aspects about the sounds of language and the sounds of speech;
4. mastery of fundamental aspects about the formation of words, their meaning and their relations;
5. mastery of the basics of syntax and semantics of sentences;
6. acquisition and operationalization of fundamental concepts of Pragmatics and Sociolinguistics.
7. acquaintance with some computational applications of Linguistics

Learning outcomes and competences

By the end of the semestre, students should be able to:
1. show basic knowledge of Linguistics;
2. show skills and competences to accurately and soundly reflect on how languages, and Portuguese in particular, work;
3. recognize fundamental aspects about the operation of linguistic sounds and speech sounds;
4. master, by practising over specific examples, fundamental aspects about the formation of words, their meaning and their relations;
5. master and apply basic aspects of syntax and semantics to sentence analysis;
6. recognize and apply core concepts of Pragmatics and Sociolinguistics to the analysis of utterances and texts.
7. recognize some of the computational applications of Linguistics as well as some aspects ot their operation.


Working method


Pre-requirements (prior knowledge) and co-requirements (common knowledge)

Not applicable



1. Language and natural languages
1.1. Verbal language and non-verbal languages
1.2. Specificity and functions of verbal language
2. Verbal language and natural languages
2.1. Acquisition of verbal language
2.2. Brain and language
2.3. The acquisition process
3. Unity and diversity in natural languages
3.1. Languages and language families 
3.2. Linguistic variation
3.3. Linguistic change
4. Language, tongue and Linguistics
4.1. Classical differences in Linguistics
4.2. Levels of analysis in describing natural languages
4.2.1. Phonetic
4.2.2. Phonological
4.2.3. Morphological
4.2.4. Syntactic
4.2.5. Semantic
4.2.6. Pragmatic
5.Computational applications of Linguistics

Mandatory literature

Akmajian, Adrian; Demers, Richard A.; Farmer, Ann Kathleen; Harnish, Robert M; Linguistics: an Introduction to Language and Communication, The MIT Press, 2001. ISBN: 978-0262011853
Faria, Isabel Hub e outros; Introdução à Linguística Geral e Portuguesa, Caminho, 1996. ISBN: ISBN: 9789722110488
Fromkin, Victoria A.; Rodman, Robert; Hyams, N.M; An Introduction to Language, Heinle & Heinle, 2006. ISBN: 978-1413023169
Lima, J. P. ; Pragmática Linguística, O Essencial sobre Língua Portuguesa, Caminho, 2006. ISBN: 978-972-21-1855-2
Lopes, Ana Cristina Macário; Semântica. ISBN: 978-972-21-1878-1
Mateus, Maria Helena Mira, 1931-; O^essencial sobre linguística. ISBN: 972-21-1777-7
Mateus, M.H. e Cardeira, E; Norma e Variação. O Essencial sobre Língua Portuguesa, Caminho, 2007. ISBN: 978-972-21-1953-5
Raposo, Eduardo Buzaglo Paiva 340; Gramática do português. ISBN: 978-972-31-1456-0

Comments from the literature

Other aditional bibliographical references as well as materials important to the classes are available in Sigarra

Teaching methods and learning activities

Theoretical classes for presentation of the programme topics and classes dedicated to practical exercises. These exercises aim, not only to test the student's knowledge, but also to develop the students’ skills and competences to identify and relate problems on the different topics addressed. These tasks will also help students formulate new questions.

The assessment consists of a written test, weighing 80% of the final grade, and a small individual research paper on a programme topic to be presented to the class, weighing 20% of the final grade.



Humanities > language sciences > Linguistics

Evaluation Type

Distributed evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

Designation Weight (%)
Apresentação/discussão de um trabalho científico 20,00
Teste 80,00
Total: 100,00

Amount of time allocated to each course unit

Designation Time (hours)
Apresentação/discussão de um trabalho científico 20,00
Estudo autónomo 44,00
Frequência das aulas 56,00
Trabalho de campo 42,00
Total: 162,00

Eligibility for exams

Attendance to 75% of classes.

Calculation formula of final grade

Evaluation test: 80%;
Oral presentation to the class of a small research paper on a topic of the programme to be agreed with the teacher: 20%.
In case of final examination: 100%.

Positive grade in the written test and in the oral presentation.

Examinations or Special Assignments

In accordance with the applicable regulations.

Internship work/project

Not applicable

Special assessment (TE, DA, ...)

According to FLUP regulations.

Classification improvement

Students wishing to improve their final grade will have to repeat the written component (test or exam).


Teaching language: Portuguese

Distributed assessment with final exam

1. Distributed evaluation

Components of the distributed assessment:
Two remote assessment tests (or in presence, if face-to-face teaching is resumed).

Classification Formula:
Each assessment test weighs 50%.

2. Assessment by final exam

Components of the final assessment:
Final written exam valid for failures and absences in the distributed evaluation and for grade improvements.

Classification Formula:

Final written exam weighing 100%.

In the final assessment, the exam fully replaces all the assessment items presented throughout the semester and covers all the contents taught in the curricular unit.

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