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Stress, Trauma and Burnout

Code: LPSI214     Acronym: STB

Keywords
Classification Keyword
OFICIAL Psychology

Instance: 2021/2022 - 2S Ícone do Moodle

Active? Yes
Web Page: https://moodle.up.pt/
Responsible unit: Psychology
Course/CS Responsible: First degree in Psychology

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
PSIC 25 Official Curricular Structure 2 - 3 27 81

Teaching Staff - Responsibilities

Teacher Responsibility
Cristina Maria Leite Queirós

Teaching - Hours

Theoretical and practical : 2,00
Type Teacher Classes Hour
Theoretical and practical Totals 1 2,00
Cristina Maria Leite Queirós 2,00

Teaching language

Portuguese

Objectives

The discipline aims that students will be able:

 - to know the bio-psycho-physiological mechanisms of stress and identify symptoms of stress.

- to differentiate the concepts of stress, posttraumatic stress and burnout as a response to chronic occupational stress, and to know its applicability in academic and work contexts.

- to know relevant studies at international and national level, about stress, posttraumatic stress and burnout.

- to know prevention and treatment forms, at individual and institutional level.

- through practical exercises, to know stress management strategies, to differentiate stress/anxiety and to know how to evaluate/identify stress, PTSD and burnout symptoms among students and workers.

- to present autonomous learning capacity and critical analysis in reflection about the relevance of these three concepts nowadays.

Learning outcomes and competences

To know the mechanisms of stress and identify its influence on the daily life, as well as its chronic expression through burnout or acute expression through post-traumatic stress.

Working method

Presencial

Pre-requirements (prior knowledge) and co-requirements (common knowledge)

Non applicable.

Program


1.Introduction: bio-psycho-physiological stress mechanisms; definition and differentiation of the concepts of stress, postraumatic stress and burnout.


2.Stress management: stress symptoms; stress/anxiety differentiation; coping strategies; resilience.


3.Posttraumatic stress (PTSD): symptoms, causes, consequences and impact on individual health; vulnerability of specific professional groups.


4.Burnout and chronic occupational stress: symptoms, causes, consequences and impact on individual health, productivity and institution.


5.Critical analysis and limitations of international/national studies about stress, PTSD and burnout in students and specific professional groups.


6.Prevention and treatment: individual and organizational level; symptoms reduction; association of PTSD and burnout with depression and suicide; well-being, mental health and stress.


7.Practical exercises of stress management and evaluation/identification of symptoms of stress, PTSD and burnout among students and workers.

Mandatory literature

Areosa, J., & Queirós, C. (2020). ; Burnout: uma patologia social reconfigurada na era COVID-19? International Journal on Working Conditions, 20, 71-90.
Beja, M. J., Portugal, A., Câmara, J., Berenguer, C., Rebolo, A., Crawford, C., & Gonçalves, D; Primeiros Socorros Psicológicos: Intervenção psicológica na catástrofe, Psychologica, 61(1), 125-142. doi:10.14195/1647-8606_61-1_7, 2018
Blumenfield, M. & Ursano, R.; Intervention and resilience after mass trauma. , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008
Carvalho, M.; Estudos sobre intervenção psicológica em situações de emergência, crise e catástrofe, Portimão: ISMAT, 2011
Everly George S.; The^Johns Hopkins guide to psychological first aid. ISBN: 978-1-4214-2271-8
Fonseca, S.M. (…) & Queirós, C; Saúde ocupacional dos profissionais de emergência pré-hospitalar: Contributo do trauma e coping. International Journal of Working Conditions, 17, 69-88., 2019
Martha Kent; The^resilience handbook. ISBN: 978-0-415-81883-4
Michael P. Leiter; Burnout at work. ISBN: 978-1-84872-229-3
William R. Lovallo; Stress & health. ISBN: 1-4129-0478-1
Marques Pinto, A. & Chambel, M.J. ; Burnout e engagement em contexto organizacional: estudos com amostras portuguesas, Lisboa: Livros Horizonte, 2008
Maslach Christina; The^truth about burnout. ISBN: 0-7879-0874-6
Pereira, A., & Queirós, C. (2021). ; O Stress e suas consequências na saúde e no bem-estar. In I. Leal & J.L. Pais-Ribeiro (Eds.). Manual de Psicologia da Saúde (cap. 19, pp.137-145). Lisboa: Pactor.
Pereira Maria da Graça 570; Stress traumático. ISBN: 972-796-087-1
Queirós, C., Gonçalves, S.P. & Marques, A. ; Burnout: Da conceptualização à gestão em contexto laboral. In H.V. Neto., J. Areosa & P. Arezes (Eds). Manual Riscos Psicossociais (pp.172-192), Porto: Civeri Publishing., 2014
Queirós, C, Borges, E., Teixeira A. & Maio, T.; Estratégias de prevenção do stress ocupacional, burnout e bullying. In E. Borges (Ed.). Saúde e Enfermagem do Trabalho (pp. 139-157). Porto: Lidel, 2018
Queirós, C., Passos, F., Bártolo, A., Marques, A.J., Silva, C.F., & Pereira, A. ; Burnout and Stress Measurement in Police Officers: Literature Review and a Study With the Operational Police Stress Questionnaire. Frontiers in Psychology, 11 (587). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00587, 2020
Sinval, J., Queiros, C., Pasian, S., & Maroco, J.; Transcultural Adaptation of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) for Brazil and Portugal. Frontiers in Psychology, 10:338. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00338, 2019
Serra Adriano Vaz; O^stress na vida de todos os dias. ISBN: 972-95003-2-0
Utzon-Frank, N., Breinegaard, N., Bertelsen, M., Borritz, M., Eller, N. H., Nordentoft, M., Olesen, K., Rod, N. H., Rugulies, R., Bonde, J.P. ; ). Occurrence of delayed-onset post-traumatic stress disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies., Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 40(3). 215-230. , 2014

Complementary Bibliography

Brancu, M., Mann-Wrobel, M-, Beckham, J., Wagner, R., Elliott, A., Robbins, A., Wong, M., Berchuck, A. & Runnals, J.; Subthreshold Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Meta-Analytic Review of DSM–IV Prevalence and a Proposed DSM–5 Approach to Measurement., Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 8(2), 222-232., 2016
Cocchiara, R., Peruzzo, M., Mannocci, A., Ottolenghi, L., Villari, P., Polimeni, A., … La Torre, G.; The Use of Yoga to Manage Stress and Burnout in Healthcare Workers: A Systematic Review. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8(3), 284. doi:10.3390/jcm8030284, 2019
Gil-Monte, P.; El síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo (burnout): una enfermedad laboral en la sociedad del bienestar., Madrid: Pirámide, 2005
Gonçalves, S.P. ; Psicossociologia do Trabalho e das Organizacões: princípios e práticas, Lisboa: Pactor., 2014
Maroco, J., Maroco, A.L., Leite, E., Bastos, C., Vazão, M.J., & Campos, J. ; Burnout em Profissionais da Saúde Portugueses: Uma Análise a Nível Nacional., Acta Médica Portuguesa, 29(1), 24-30., 2016
Marques Pinto, A. & Picado, L. ; Adaptação e Bem-Estar nas Escolas Portuguesas: Dos Alunos aos Professores, Lisboa: Coisas de Ler. , 2011
Marques, M., Alves, E., Queirós, C., Norton, P., & Henriques, A; The effect of profession on burnout in hospital staff, Occupational Medicine. DOI:10.1093/occmed/kqy039, 2018
Miura, A., Toriumi, F., Komori, M., Matsumura, N., & Hiraishi, K. ; Relationship between emotion and diffusion of disaster information on social media: Case study on 2011 Tohoku earthquake. , Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence, 31(1) [online 10.1527/tjsai.NFC-EC1], 2016
Maslach, C., & Leiter, M. P. ; Understanding Burnout: new models. In C.L. Cooper & J.C. Quick (Eds.) The Handbook of Stress and Health, A Guide to Research and Practice (pp.36-56). , New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Neria, Y., Galea, S. & Norris, F.H.; Mental health and disasters, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009
Queirós, C., Carlotto, M.S., Kaiseler, M., Dias. S., & Pereira, A.M. ; Predictors of Burnout among nurses: An interactionist approach, Psicothema, 25(3), 330-335., 2013
Queiros, C., Fonseca, S., Guimarães, F. & Martins, V. ; A dimensão do fator hmano na segurança ferroviária: estados emocionais do profissional.. In L. Lourenço et al. (Eds). Alcafache - 30 anos depois! (37-57). Coimbra: Riscos., 2017
Queirós, C., Kaiseler, M., & Silva, A.L; Burnout as predictor of aggressivity among police officers. , European Journal of Policing Studies, 1(2), 110-134. , 2013
Wilmar Schaufeli; The^burnout companion to study and practice. ISBN: 0-7484-0698-0
Setti, I., & Argentero, P.; Traumatization and PTSD in Rescue Workers: Prevention, Assessment, and Interventions. , Comprehensive Guide to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, 1–13. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-08613-2_78-1 , 2015
Setti, I., Lourel, M., & Argentero, P; The role of affective commitment and perceived social support in protecting emergency workers against burnout and vicarious traumatization., Traumatology, 22(4), 261–270. doi:10.1037/trm0000072, 2016
Silva, M., Queirós, C., & Cameira, M.; Saúde no Trabalho: Tecnostress e Burnout em Enfermeiros. International Journal on Working Conditions, 12, 54-70., 2016
Sinval, J., Pasian, S., Queirós, C. & Maroco, J; Brazil-Portugal Transcultural adaptation of the UWES-9: Internal consistency, dimensionality, and measurement invariance, Frontiers in Psychology, 9(353). DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00353, 2018
Van der Ploeg, E.; Dorresteijn, S.M. & Kleber, R.J. ; Critical incidents and chronic stressor at work: Their impact on forensic doctors. , Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 8, 2, 157-166., 2003
Queirós, C. et al. ; Personalidade, ansiedade e vulnerabilidade ao burnout em enfermeiros. Revista Rol de Enfermería, 43(1), 83-89., 2020

Teaching methods and learning activities

Theoretical and practical classes with topics presentation and discussion. Participation in a Forum/chat written discussion.

Software

Não se aplica

keywords

Social sciences > Psychological sciences > Psychology
Social sciences > Psychological sciences > Behavioural sciences

Evaluation Type

Distributed evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

designation Weight (%)
Exame 70,00
Trabalho de campo 30,00
Total: 100,00

Amount of time allocated to each course unit

designation Time (hours)
Estudo autónomo 26,00
Frequência das aulas 30,00
Trabalho de campo 25,00
Total: 81,00

Eligibility for exams


The students must have the minimum of 9.5 points in 20 at the global classification of the discipline. Distributed evaluation includes forum/char participation. The written final exam is required and the student should get the minimum value of 8 values in 20. The individual participation at the Moodle Forum/chat is mandatory (30%) and students must obtain the minimum of 8/20 points.


The presence in class is mandatory according to the regulation in force in FPCEUP.


Calculation formula of final grade

The final classification is the sum of the following tasks:
- 30% for individual written participation in the Moodle Forum/chat
- 70% for final written exam 

Examinations or Special Assignments

To participate in classes, to participate in written discussions at Moodle Forum/chat and to do the final written exam.

Special assessment (TE, DA, ...)

Students with special statute can choose and decide if they want to do a written and individual work that substitutes the Forum/chat written discussion. They must inform the teacher until one month after class beginning, according information presented at Moodle platform.

Classification improvement

The improvement of classification is done only on the final written exam (valuing 70%); the classification of Forum/chat still the same. It is possible to improve the classification according to the regulation in force in FPCEUP.

Observations

The discipline uses Moodle platform.

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