Urbanisation of Poverty
||Architecture and Urbanism
Instance: 2014/2015 - 1S
Cycles of Study/Courses
||No. of Students
Teaching Staff - Responsibilities
Teaching - Hours
|Theoretical and practical :
Suitable for English-speaking students
- To identify dominant patterns of urbanization of poverty, mainnly in Africa, Latin America and India, advancing with explanatory hypotheses of the processes that gave rise to them;
- To identify drivers of change and structuring actors considered for the understanding of the processes of urbanization and to design intervention strategies and urban design/planning. to design intervention strategies and urban design/planning.
Learning outcomes and competences
The aim is to create a theoretical and practical field of discussion around the spatial distribution of poverty and disparities in the process of urbanization; concerning social issues in the disciplinary field of architecture and urban planning, as well as the limitations and potential of redistributive policies, social interest and equitable management of the built environment.
Thus, it is proposed here to study the differences in production processes and management of the built environment, including discussing the visibility and the role of population groups under with low economic returns, both focusing on non-Western contexts (the experiences of Latin America, Asia and Africa) as in the critical areas of Western contexts (the development of social policies and interest in its current situation).
Establish an understanding of the broader issues related to the urbanization process, not only through the discussion of extreme disparities and / or limited resources, but also a framework of multiple actors in management mechanisms. In these contexts, the professional practice of the architect / urbanist is rarely placed only a customer relationship - service, but multiply before the stakeholders in the decision process, encompassing recurrently entities such as public structures control the territory and social interest ( the central, municipal and / or local), external donors, international agencies, non-governmental organizations, local associations and / or inhabitants, placing the architect / planner in the role of mediator and facilitator.
It is proposed the construction of a new look informing paradoxical realities, discussing methodologies and intervention instruments, constraints and potential, experience and strategic guidelines for work in multidiscilinary teams.
1.1. ">The intensification of the urbanization process and its global consequences, inequities and the urbanization of poverty
">The challenges for the architect / urbanist - its social function and the international debate between the North and the South
">2. The exposed poverty: poverty of urbanization in South Countries
">2.1 Examples CPLP - Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde and Sao Tome and Principe
2.1. ">The slums and informality
2.2. ">The territorial policies and rural development
2.3. ">The housing programs: Upgrade and (re) urbanization of existing settlements to resettlement operations;
2.4. ">The emergency situations - natural disasters and resettlement activities, refugee camps and refugees - policies and experiences with extremely limited resources;
">Decision makers and action tools given the precarious occupation (EXERCISE IN CLASS)
">3. Invisible poverty: contrasts in emerging economies
3.1. ">The invisibility of poverty in the city-show: Dubai, Astana, Baku - real estate and "slave work"
3.2. ">The massive housing provision in the East: China, Hong Kong, Singapore - the state's role.
">Conflicts and approaches to management of the built environment (EXERCISE IN CLASS)
">4. Assisted poverty: the Western context, from the construction of the welfare state to its 'weight loss'
4.1. ">Social policies in the Western context: the major operations of the post-war resettlement, the European policies of social housing, the debate on socio inclusion.
4.2. ">The case of the Portuguese housing needs to recent dynamics: islands and workers' villages, economic homes, social housing, integrated programs for critical areas, legalization of illegal origin areas, urban rehabilitation initiatives and social integration.
4.3. O-welfare state in times of scarcity - rethink their tools (EXERCISE IN CLASS)
Turner John F.C.; Housing by people
. ISBN: 0-7145-2569-3
Davis Mike; Planet of slums
. ISBN: 978-1-84467-160-1
Bandeirinha José António; O processo Saal e a arquitectura no 25 de Abril de 1974
. ISBN: 978-972-8704-76-6
Teaching methods and learning activities
Lectures with a strong theoretical and conceptual content and, at the same time, with presentation and discussion of case studies that allow students to confront the theoretical analysis with commonsense knowledge.
Evaluation with final exam
Calculation formula of final grade
Results of final exam - 0 to 20 points.