Lúcio Alberto Pinheiro dos Santos was born in Braga on 19 April 1889. As a Bachelor of Law from the Faculty of Law of the University of Coimbra, he opted for a teaching career. He met Leonardo Coimbra while he was teaching Physics and Mathematics at the Gil Vicente Central High School, in Lisbon. Following the proposal of curricular organization of Philosophical Sciences presented by Leonardo Coimbra when he was Minister of Public Education (Decree 5 491, of 2 May 1919), he was appointed by the government for the position of Ordinary Professor at the Faculty of Arts of Coimbra. However, after the conflict between the government and that university, he asked to be transferred to an equivalent position at the newly created Faculty of Arts of Porto at the beginning of the academic year 1919-1920.
He was responsible for the chairs of Experimental Psychology and General Psychology. His university teaching career was interrupted because he undertook other duties, for instance, the service commission as MP for the Guimarães constituency (1922) and Head of the Education Services of the State of India (January 1923 to November 1926).
Lúcio Santos was known and publically assumed as a Republican, yet the victory of the Military Coup in 1926 and the new regime raised serious obstacles to his personal and professional life. He then decided to go into exile in Brazil, where he dedicated himself to teaching and research work in the field of Psychology. Yet he continued to write several articles contesting the Salazar regime for the newspaper "Correio da Manhã", and participated in the several movements that, in Brazil, attempted to overthrow the Estado Novo [New State].
He died in Rio de Janeiro on 11 November 1950, but the whereabouts of his literature collection are unknown. He was a friend of Gaston Bachelard from the period he stayed in Paris, and became famous for the reference made by the French writer in the "Dialectique de la Durée" on his theory of "Ritmanálise" (this work was edited in Rio de Janeiro, in 1931, and was also ignored).
(Universidade Digital / Gestão de Informação, 2008)