Pneumatic actuation systems present several advantages like low cost, high force/volume ratios, and the absence of significant heat or magnetic field generation. However, its use in complex control tasks is hindered by their highly nonlinear behavior. This drawback is caused not only by the nonlinear behavior of phenomena like friction but also by the large variation of some of the system proprieties with the system state. One of such proprieties is the fluidic stiffness of the actuator, which may suffer significant changes with the piston velocity when the pressure dynamics of both actuator chambers are coupled due to the use of only one servovalve. This dependency can be eliminated if the pressure (or pneumatic force) inside each chamber is independently controlled using two servovalves. In this paper, two pneumatic force allocation strategies are proposed and analyzed. In the first one, the stiffness of the actuator becomes independent of the pneumatic force reference. In the second one, the pneumatic forces are devised to avoid early pressure saturation of the cylinder chambers. Based on an experimental test rig, both strategies are compared against each other and against the use of only one servovalve.
Tipo (Avaliação Docente):
Nº de páginas: