Radon emissions from a radioactive waste disposal may constitute a major source of environment contamination and consequently a potential health hazard to the nearby population. Gaseous Radon-222 is generated from the radioactive decay of Radium-226 present in the tails. When it is formed, radon is free to diffuse along the pores of the residues to the surface and escape to the atmosphere. Waste management and long term stabilisation has a major concern in reducing radon emissions to near-background levels. The common theoretical approach is done by calculating the cover thickness that allows a radon flux inferior to a stipulated and accepted value. The fundamentals of the conceptual model are based in the principles of diffusion across a porous medium, which allows the mathematical description of the radon transport through the waste and the cover. The basic diffusion equations are used for estimating the theoretical values of the radon flux formed from the decay of the Radium-226 contained in the waste material. The algorithm incorporates the radon attenuation originated by an arbitrary cover system placed over the radioactive waste disposal. Once the radon is released into the atmosphere, it is available for atmospheric transport by the wind. Radon atmospheric dispersion is modelled by a modified Gaussian plume equation, which estimates the average dispersion of radon released from a point source representative of one or several uniform area sources. The model considers the medium point release between all the areas contaminated. The dispersion can be simulated in different wind directions, with different wind velocities, as well as in the dominant wind direction.
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