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Oxidation of CO, ethanol and toluene over TiO2 supported noble metal catalysts

Title
Oxidation of CO, ethanol and toluene over TiO2 supported noble metal catalysts
Type
Article in International Scientific Journal
Year
2010
Authors
Vera P. Santos
(Author)
FEUP
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Pedro B. Tavares
(Author)
Other
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Manuel F. R. Pereira
(Author)
FEUP
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J. J. M. Órfão
(Author)
FEUP
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José L. Figueiredo
(Author)
FEUP
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Journal
Vol. 99
Pages: 198-205
ISSN: 0926-3373
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Indexing
Scientific classification
FOS: Engineering and technology > Other engineering and technologies
CORDIS: Physical sciences > Chemistry > Heterogeneous catalysis
Other information
Authenticus ID: P-003-3WF
Abstract (EN): The oxidation of CO, ethanol and toluene was investigated on noble metal catalysts (Pt, Pd, Ir. Rh and Au) supported on TiO2. The catalysts were prepared by liquid phase reduction deposition (LPRD) and by incipient wetness impregnation (IMP). It was observed that the preparation method can have a significant effect on the dispersion of the metallic phase, and subsequently on the performance of the catalysts towards total oxidation of CO or VOC. For CO oxidation, Au IMP was the worst catalyst, while Au LPRD was the most active. This can be explained in terms of different Au particle sizes, well known to be related with catalytic activity. For all the other metals, LPRD also produces better results, although the differences are not so marked as with gold. Iridium seems to be the only exception since results were very similar. In VOC oxidation, the following performance trend was observed: Pt/TiO2 > Pd/TiO2 >> Rh/TiO2 approximate to Ir/TiO2 >> Au/TiO2, for both preparation methods. Ethanol and toluene oxidation over Pt and Pd catalysts were found to be structure sensitive reactions. Some experiments with ethanol/toluene mixtures were performed using the best catalyst (Pt/TiO2). It was observed that toluene inhibits the combustion of ethanol, namely by slowing down the partial oxidation of ethanol towards acetaldehyde. Ethanol also has a slight inhibition effect on the total oxidation of toluene.
Language: English
Type (Professor's evaluation): Scientific
No. of pages: 8
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