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Water and Effluent Treatment

Code: MA324     Acronym: TAE

Classification Keyword
OFICIAL Environmental Sciences and Ecology

Instance: 2018/2019 - 4T (of 23-04-2019 to 14-06-2019) Ícone do Moodle

Active? Yes
Web Page: http://moodle.up.pt/course/view.php?id=3357
Responsible unit: Aquatic Production
Course/CS Responsible: First Cycle Degree (BSc) in Aquatic Sciences

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
LCMA 28 Oficial Plan 2018 3 - 5 49 135

Teaching Staff - Responsibilities

Teacher Responsibility
José Fernando Magalhães Gonçalves

Teaching - Hours

Theoretical classes: 3,00
Laboratory Practice: 4,00
Type Teacher Classes Hour
Theoretical classes Totals 1 3,00
José Fernando Magalhães Gonçalves 3,00
Laboratory Practice Totals 2 8,00
Vitor Augusto Martins Borges Carvalho 1,71
José Fernando Magalhães Gonçalves 6,28

Teaching language



Provide insight into the methods and techniques to use in water and wastewater treatment. Provide capabilities to define appropriate interventions and consider decision making in the assessment, design, planning, construction, operation and maintenance of municipal sewage and industrial wastewater treatment operations and water for urban supply.





Learning outcomes and competences

To allow the development of a scientific and technological understanding of the treatment processes of water and wastewater.

Having successfully completed the module, you will be able to: Know how water and wasterwater treatment plants operate; Simple design equations for water and wastewater treatment plant; Select the correct series of unit processes for a particular water and wastewater type; Adapt and use in the correct context design equations for the design and operation of wastewater treatment plant; Critically analyse problems that may arise in the operation of water and wastewater treatment plant; Formulate approaches to treat water and wastewater in the most cost effective manner; Formulate approches for the management of residuals from water and wastewater treatment operations.


Working method



1. Water and wastewater: state of the art 
2. Basic principles of hydrology and hydraulics
3. Drinking water treatment
  3.1 Overview of water resources and water treatment works design
  3.2 Water quality standards
  3.3 Conventional water treatment methods (screening; sedimentation, filtration; flotation; flocculation and coagulation; oxidation and reduction; clarification; ion exchange; chemical filtration; processes of separation by membranes; degassing, distillation; electrochemical processes; coagulation; precipitation; desinfection) 
  3.4 Maintenance of water quality in distribution
4. Wastewater treatment
  4.1 Introduction to wastewater collection, handling and disposal systems
  4.2 Types of wastewater and legislation
  4.3 Conventional wastewater treatment methods (Preliminary and primary treatment operations, secondary treatment including biological processes (Aerobic, anoxic, anaerobic; of biomass suspended or fixed bed; combined processes), nutrient removal and tertiary treatment).  
5. Treatment, reuse and disposal of solids
6. Aeration and oxygenation
7. Heating and cooling
8. Hydraulic machines
9. Instrumentation and control
10. Hygiene and safety in Water and Wastewater Treatment Plants
11. Water quality for livestock and poultry


Mandatory literature

Ranade Vivek V.; Industrial wastewater treatment, recycling, and reuse. ISBN: 978-0-08-099968-5
Riffat Rumana; Fundamentals of wastewater treatment and engineering. ISBN: 978-0-415-66958-0
G. Tchobanoglous, F. L. Burton and H. D. Stensel; Wastewater Engineering, McGraw-Hill, 2003. ISBN: 0-07-112250-8
M. B. Timmons and J. B. Ebeling; Recirculating Aquaculture, Cayuga Aqua ntures, 2007. ISBN: 978-0-9712646-2-5
Aurelio H. Muñoz; Depuración y Desinfección de Aguas Residuales, Colegio de Inginieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos, 2001. ISBN: 84-380-0190-4

Teaching methods and learning activities

Theoretical lessons: Approach of themes will be covered in lectures supported by audiovisual media (video projection and slides) and a classroom whiteboard. Some lessons are previously recorded on a web platform (e-learning). Specific topics may be supplemented with guest speakers.

Theoretical-practical lessons: Solving of hydraulic (design, planning and management) problems. Discussion of scientific articles relevant to the lecture theme.

Practical lessons: Focus on experimental work in ICBAS laboratories. Visits to water and wastewater treatment stations.

Note: Additional support outside the classroom, using the SIGARRA and MOODLE platform from University of Porto, providing static or dynamic information, for self-study and self-assessment.






UP - Moodle

Evaluation Type

Distributed evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

Designation Weight (%)
Defesa pública de dissertação, de relatório de projeto ou estágio, ou de tese 10,00
Exame 70,00
Participação presencial 5,00
Trabalho prático ou de projeto 15,00
Total: 100,00

Amount of time allocated to each course unit

Designation Time (hours)
Elaboração de projeto 20,00
Estudo autónomo 66,00
Frequência das aulas 49,00
Total: 135,00

Eligibility for exams

With 3/4 attendance in all classes

Calculation formula of final grade

A - Exam grade: 70%; B - Creative homework (seminar/project): 15%; C - Oral presentation of the creative homework: 10%; D - Attendance: 5%

Final score: A x 0.70 + B x 0.15 + C x 0.10 + D x 0.05. Minimum score to be achieved in the examination: 8.0 This criterion applies both to the normal and make-up exams.


Note: Exam (covers all themes lectures from the first to last class: combination of multiple choice, true or false, short answer and short-essay questions covering the all course and is closed-book, closed-notes). Failure to perform the creative homework imply the assignment of zero values to these elements of evaluation.



Special assessment (TE, DA, ...)

Special tests required, for example, by the students union officers or students with disabilities, can be of different types, according to a model/type to be determined by the course coordinator.

Classification improvement

A new final exam, keeping the grades of the remaining components

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