||General and Aquatic Biology
Instance: 2018/2019 - 4T (of 23-04-2019 to 14-06-2019)
Cycles of Study/Courses
||No. of Students
||Oficial Plan 2018
Teaching Staff - Responsibilities
Teaching - Hours
Suitable for English-speaking students
Provide the students with knowledge in several areas of genetics and its application in basic research - characterization of species-evolution studies - and applied research - environmental genotoxicity, conservation of species and animal breeding and improvement. The curricular unity comprises of two parts: Formal and Population Genetics and Cytogenetics.
Learning outcomes and competences
The syllabus of this discipline is quite comprehensive, what is in agreement with the aim of understanding the basic concepts of Genetics and the main strategies of the discpline. The practical exercices are effective tools for acquiring the proposed skills. It is expected for the sudents to get basic knowledge in all proposed aims, giving competence to future studies in advanced genetics.
The teaching methodologies will have as main purpose to acquaint students with the main concepts and problems in Genetics. Practical sessions and exercises will favour critical analysis in different contexts.
The assessment of knowledge and skills will be achieved by combining continous evaluation will enable us to understand whether the student is capable of applying acquires knowledge to a different context, besides the final exam.
Mendelism (revision): independent segregation. Genetic linkage. Dihybrid and test crossing. Mapping based on recombination fraction. Population Genetics: phenotypic and genotypic variability. Genotype and allele frequencies. Hardy and Weinberg equilibrium for codominant locus and multiple alleles. Complete dominance. Alteration of gene frequencies: mutation and migration. Small populations and genetic drift. Selection against recessives/dominants, in favor of heterozygotes. Situation of genetic equilibrium: heterosis, balance between mutation/selection.
Introduction to cytogenetics; chromosomes in the cell cycle, morphology of chromosomes, karyotyping, structure and function of chromatin and chromosomes; numerical and structural chromosomal aberrations, causes and consequences; the sex chromosomes, sexual differentiation; mutations, biomarkers, application of cytogenetics to aquatic organisms: environmental genotoxicity , conservation of species and animal breeding and improvement.
Griffiths Anthony J. F. 070; An introduction to genetic analysis
. ISBN: 978-0-7167-6887-6
Klug William S.; Essentials of genetics
. ISBN: 0-13-129029-0
Pisano E 340; Fish cytogenetics
. ISBN: 978-1-57808-330-5
Azevedo Carlos 340; Biologia celular e molecular
. ISBN: 972-757-354-1
Lacadena Juan-Ramón; Citogenética
. ISBN: 84-89365-58-X
Teaching methods and learning activities
Theoretical and practical classes (exercises, computer simulations, practical work). Use of audiovisual methods either in theoretical or practical classes.
Natural sciences > Biological sciences > Biology > Genetics
Natural sciences > Biological sciences > Biology > Population biology
Evaluation with final exam
Amount of time allocated to each course unit
|Frequência das aulas
Eligibility for exams
3/4 of the classes
Calculation formula of final grade
Final Exam= 100%