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Biology of Invertebrates II

Code: MA128     Acronym: BI_II

Classification Keyword
OFICIAL General and Aquatic Biology

Instance: 2018/2019 - 4T (of 23-04-2019 to 14-06-2019)

Active? Yes
Responsible unit: Aquatic Production
Course/CS Responsible: First Cycle Degree (BSc) in Aquatic Sciences

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
LCMA 32 Oficial Plan 2018 1 - 5 49 135

Teaching Staff - Responsibilities

Teacher Responsibility
Ana Rita Jordão Bentes Cabrita

Teaching language



General description of Arthropoda, Echinodermata, Hemichordata and Chordata - Protochordata group. General characteristics of phyla and classes. Biology and phylogeny.

Learning outcomes and competences

Capacity to identify animals of the studied groups. Understand the importance of each group for biodiversity, economy and health. Identification of the most relevant animals for aquaculture. 

Working method


Pre-requirements (prior knowledge) and co-requirements (common knowledge)



Kingdom Animalia

Phylum Arthropoda.  

Introduction and general characteristics.  Subphylum Trilobitomorpha.  Class Trilobita.  Subphylum Chelicerata. Class Merostomata. Class Arachnida. Class Pycnogonida.  Subphylum Crustacea.  Class Malacostraca.  Class Branchiopoda.  Class Maxillopoda.  Subphylum Uniramia.  Class Chilopoda and Diplopoda.  Class Insecta.  Biology of arthropoda.  Reproduction and development.  Digestion.  Excretion.  Blood Pigments. 

Phylum Echinodermata

Introduction and general characteristics.  Class Crinoidea.  Class Asteroidea.  Class Ophiuroidea.  Class Echinoidea.  Class Holothuroidea.  Class Concentricycloidea.  Biology of Echinodermata.  Reproduction and development.  Nervous system.

Phylum hemichordata

Introduction and general characteristics. Biology.  Digestion.  Nervous system.  Reproduction and development. Class Pteropneusta and Pterobranchia.


Introduction and general characteristics. Biology and phylogeny. Goup Protochordata. Subphylum Urochordata (Tunicata) and Cephalochordata (amphioxus).


Mandatory literature

Hickman, Jr Cleveland P.; Integrated principles of zoology. ISBN: 978-0-07-122198-6
Kukenthal, W., E. Mathes and M. Renner; Guia de trabalhos práticos de Zoologia, Almedina, Coimbra

Complementary Bibliography

Ruppert Edward E.; Invertebrate zoology. ISBN: 0-03-026668-8
Pechenik, J.A.; Biology of the Invertebrates, C. Brown Publishers, London, 1996

Teaching methods and learning activities

Tutorial and practical classes. Oral presentation of research work within working groups. 


Natural sciences > Biological sciences > Zoology > Animal morphology
Natural sciences > Biological sciences > Zoology
Natural sciences > Biological sciences

Evaluation Type

Evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

Designation Weight (%)
Teste 100,00
Total: 100,00

Amount of time allocated to each course unit

Designation Time (hours)
Estudo autónomo 86,00
Frequência das aulas 49,00
Total: 135,00

Eligibility for exams

According to UP and ICBAS rules.

Calculation formula of final grade

Final written exam = 100%

Classification improvement

Final written exam = 100%

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