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Vegetal Biology II

Code: MA125     Acronym: BVeg_II

Classification Keyword
OFICIAL General and Aquatic Biology

Instance: 2018/2019 - 4T (of 23-04-2019 to 14-06-2019)

Active? Yes
Responsible unit: Microscopy
Course/CS Responsible: First Cycle Degree (BSc) in Aquatic Sciences

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
LCMA 50 Oficial Plan 2018 1 - 5 49 135

Teaching Staff - Responsibilities

Teacher Responsibility
Alexandre Manuel da Silva Lobo da Cunha

Teaching - Hours

Theoretical classes: 3,00
Laboratory Practice: 4,00
Type Teacher Classes Hour
Theoretical classes Totals 1 3,00
Alexandre Manuel da Silva Lobo da Cunha 3,00
Laboratory Practice Totals 2 8,00
Alexandre Manuel da Silva Lobo da Cunha 8,00

Teaching language



The main objectives of this curricular unit are the study of plant physiology and the adaptations of vascular plants to aquatic environments and costal dunes.


Learning outcomes and competences

Students should acquire basic knowledge about plant metabolism and physiology, and understand the adaptations of vascular plants to aquatic environments, saline soils and costal dunes. They should also recognise some aquatic plants and species of sand dunes flora.


Working method



1) Taxonomic distribution of aquatic plants. 2) General characteristics of different types of aquatic plants (hydrophytes): emergent plants, plants fixed to the substrate with floating leaves, plants permanently submerged and floating plants. 3) Morphological features of different types of leaves: aerial, floating and submerged. 4) Characteristics of submerged stems and roots. 5) Examples of structural and functional adaptations to reproduction in aquatic plants. 6) The halophytes and their structural and biochemical adaptations to saline environments. 7) Dune plants and their adaptation to this environment. 8) Photosynthesis: molecular structure of chloroplast pigments; photons capture by antenna complexes and energy transfer to the reaction center of photosystems I and II; electron transport from water molecule to the synthesis of NADPH; the formation of the proton gradient and ATP production in chloroplasts; cyclic electron transport; the Calvin cycle. 9) Photorespiration. 10) Plants with C3, C4 and CAM metabolism. 11) Basic concepts of plant nutrition. 12) Plant hormones and their biological effects: auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, abscisic acid and ethylene. 13) Phototropism, geotropism and heliotropism. 14) Photoperiod and flowering in plants. 15) The phytochrome and its biological effects. 16) Basic concepts in phytoremediation.

Mandatory literature

Cronk Julie K.; Wetland plants. ISBN: 1-56670-372-7
Taiz Lincoln; Plant physiology. ISBN: 978-0-87893-856-8

Teaching methods and learning activities

Theoretical classes; laboratory classes dedicated to the observation of aquatic and dune plants, plant pigments and phytochemistry.



Natural sciences

Evaluation Type

Distributed evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

Designation Weight (%)
Exame 90,00
Trabalho laboratorial 10,00
Total: 100,00

Amount of time allocated to each course unit

Designation Time (hours)
Estudo autónomo 86,00
Frequência das aulas 49,00
Total: 135,00

Eligibility for exams

3/4 of lab classes

Calculation formula of final grade

Exam classification = 90% of final classification; laboratory reports = 10% of final classification (optional)


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