|OFICIAL||General and Aquatic Biology|
|Responsible unit:||Aquatic Production|
|Course/CS Responsible:||First Cycle Degree (BSc) in Aquatic Sciences|
|Acronym||No. of Students||Study Plan||Curricular Years||Credits UCN||Credits ECTS||Contact hours||Total Time|
|LCMA||32||Oficial Plan 2018||1||-||5||49||135|
|António Manuel dos Santos Afonso|
|António Manuel dos Santos Afonso||1,71|
|Benjamin Costas Refojos||0,43|
|Gerhard Michael Weber||0,85|
|Benjamin Costas Refojos||0,57|
|Gerhard Michael Weber||2,85|
|António Manuel dos Santos Afonso||4,57|
As the beginning of life and its evolution happened in the aquatic environment the Biology of Vertebrates I is a basic discipline for students of Aquatic Sciences. The aim of this discipline is to cover the maters related with life and its evolution. Vertebrate evolution, systematic, biology and morphology are the main concerns. After correlating geologic times with appearance, evolution and extinction of main animal groups in Earth, development biology and embryology are covered. The final part of the discipline is dedicated to the functional morphology aspects of vertebrates, including: motion, feeding, growth, based on the different systems as: Integument, Skeletal, muscular, respiratory, circulatory and digestive.
Students who attended this course, stayed with skills in areas such as biological, evolution of living beings and their integration in the evolution of the Earth. Developmental biology, morphology and physiology of vertebrates, in particular with respect to the skeletal, muscular, digestive, respiratory and circulatory systems.
Pre-Cambrian and the first signs of life in the ocean. From the prokaryotes to eukaryotes. The appearance and evolution of animal life. The great extinctions. The evolution of chordates and the particular case of vertebrate phylogeny. Developmental biology and embryology of vertebrates (concepts of evolution and development; eggs, segmentation, gastrulation neural crest. The integument (development, microscopic structure, integumentary glands, scales and denticles color). Skeleton (notochord, cartilage, bone and joints; the sclerotome; the axial and appendicular skeleton; head and trunk skeleton) muscles and musculature (smooth and striated muscle; the myotome; epiaxial and hypoaxial musculature). Movement (aquatic, aerial and terrestrial movement adaptations). Corporal cavities (the original coelomic cavity and the serous membrane; the evolution from coelomic cavity to two and three cavities). Digestive system and related glands (development and general structure; oral cavity, teeth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestine; pancreas, liver and gallbladder). Respiratory system (aquatic and aerial ventilation; gills and lungs). Circulatory system (heart, blood formation, arteries, veins and lymphatic vessels; the cardiac and somatic circulation).
This course adopts the method of blocks of matter with lectures, with support of media, followed by practical classes in laboratory or field, one or two field works.
|Apresentação/discussão de um trabalho científico||1,00|
|Frequência das aulas||49,00|
|Trabalho de campo||10,00|
Frequence is considered with at least 3/4 of practical lessons.
Participation (10% of final); Presentation of a seminary (20% of final) and pactical and teoretical Examen (70% fo total).
Students are not required to do any other proof besides those already mentioned
Improving classification is according to the general rules of the Institute
Recommended Sites - http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evosite/evohome.html http://post.queensu.ca/~forsdyke/evolutio.htm#Introduction:%20Species%20Barriers.