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Code: MA114     Acronym: PROT

Classification Keyword
OFICIAL General and Aquatic Biology

Instance: 2018/2019 - 2T (of 19-11-2018 to 18-01-2019)

Active? Yes
Responsible unit: Microscopy
Course/CS Responsible: First Cycle Degree (BSc) in Aquatic Sciences

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
LCMA 48 Oficial Plan 2018 1 - 5 49 135

Teaching Staff - Responsibilities

Teacher Responsibility
Alexandre Manuel da Silva Lobo da Cunha

Teaching - Hours

Theoretical classes: 4,50
Laboratory Practice: 2,50
Type Teacher Classes Hour
Theoretical classes Totals 1 4,50
Alexandre Manuel da Silva Lobo da Cunha 4,28
Ana Maria Luís Ramos Tomás 0,21
Laboratory Practice Totals 2 5,00
Alexandre Manuel da Silva Lobo da Cunha 5,00

Teaching language



Students should acquire basic knowledge about algae and protozoans, their biological diversity, life cycles, taxonomy and phylogeny.


Learning outcomes and competences

Students should acquire the basic concepts on cladistics, being able to understand the current classification of protist groups. Students should also be able to recognise the main phyla of protists and the most common species of macroalgae present in the intertidal zone of the North of Portugal.


Working method



1) Introduction to protistology: the concept of protist and basic Cladistics. 2) General overview of the major lineages of eukaryotes according to recent phylogenetic hypotheses: the super-groups Plastidophyla, Stramenopiles, Alveolata, Rhizaria, Excavata, Opisthokonta and Amoebozoa 3) The origins of plastids from symbiosis with cyanobacteria; the Glaucophyta. 4) The major Plastidophyla clades: Rhodophyta, Chloroplastida, Haptophyta and Cryptophyta. 5) Characterization of the most relevant protist clades within the Chloroplastida: the prasinophycean clades; Chlorophyta (Chlorophyceae, Trebouxiophyceae and Ulvophycea); Streptophyta (Zygnematophyceae, Coleochaetophyceae, Charales). 6) The Stramenopiles: Chrysophyceae, Xanthophyceae, Eustigmatophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, Raphidophyceae, Phaeophyceae, Dictyochophycea, Oomycota and Hyphochytridiomycota. 7) The Alveolata: Ciliophora, Dinoflagellata, Perkinsidae and Apicomplexa. 8) Characterization of the major groups included in Rhizaria: Cercozoa, Foraminifera, Radiolaria and Haplosporidia. 9)  General characterization of the Excavata with special reference to the Euglenozoa. 9) General aspects of the Amoebozoa with special reference to the Mycetozoa. 10) Major protist clades within the Opisthokonta: microsporidia and choanoflagellates.


Mandatory literature

Graham Linda E. 340; Algae. ISBN: 978-0-321-55965-4

Teaching methods and learning activities

Theoretical classes; laboratory classes dedicated to the observation and identification of protozoans, marine and freshwater algae.



Natural sciences

Evaluation Type

Distributed evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

Designation Weight (%)
Exame 90,00
Trabalho laboratorial 10,00
Total: 100,00

Amount of time allocated to each course unit

Designation Time (hours)
Estudo autónomo 86,00
Frequência das aulas 49,00
Total: 135,00

Eligibility for exams

3/4 of lab classes

Calculation formula of final grade

Exam classification = 90% of final classification; laboratory reports = 10% of final classification


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