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Cellular Structure and Function

Code: MA113     Acronym: EFC

Classification Keyword
OFICIAL General and Aquatic Biology

Instance: 2018/2019 - 1T (of 17-09-2018 to 02-11-2018)

Active? Yes
Responsible unit: Microscopy
Course/CS Responsible: First Cycle Degree (BSc) in Aquatic Sciences

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
LCMA 49 Oficial Plan 2018 1 - 5 48 135

Teaching Staff - Responsibilities

Teacher Responsibility
Alexandre Manuel da Silva Lobo da Cunha

Teaching - Hours

Theoretical classes: 5,50
Laboratory Practice: 2,50
Type Teacher Classes Hour
Theoretical classes Totals 1 5,50
Maria Beatriz Beça Gonçalves Porto e Vasconcelos 0,50
Alexandre Manuel da Silva Lobo da Cunha 5,00
Laboratory Practice Totals 2 5,00
Alexandre Manuel da Silva Lobo da Cunha 4,16
Maria Beatriz Beça Gonçalves Porto e Vasconcelos 0,83

Teaching language



Students should acquire basic knowledge about cell morphology, function and biogenesis of cell organelles and nuclear structures.  






Learning outcomes and competences

Students should be able to identify organelles and other cell structures in electron microscopy images; know the basic microscopy techniques for cell and tissue studies; acquire the theoretical knowledge about cell biology necessary to understand the next curricular units.  


Working method



1) Characterization and diversity of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; brief reference to virus. 2) Optical and electronic microscopes, microscopy techniques and other methods for cell study. 3) Chemical components of the cell and their detection with histochemical and cytochemical methods: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. 4) Fundamental aspects of DNA replication and transcription; RNA splicing; ribosomes and protein synthesis.  5) Composition, structure and functions of biological membranes; the glycocalyx. 6) Cytoskeleton and related structures: microtubules, cilia and flagella; microfilaments; intermediate filaments. 7) The nucleus:  nuclear envelope and transport in the nuclear pores; chromatin and chromosomes; the nucleolus and the formation of ribosomal RNA. 8) Cell cycle and division: mitosis, meiosis and cytokinesis. 9) Ultrastructure, functions and biogenesis of cytoplasmic organelles: endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, mitochondria, chloroplasts and peroxisomes. 10) Extracellular matrix and the wall of plant cells. 11) Structural and functional aspects of cell junctions: tight junctions, adherents junctions, desmosomes and hemidesmosomes, gap junctions and plasmodesmata. 12) Apoptosis.


Mandatory literature

Azevedo Carlos 340; Biologia celular e molecular. ISBN: 978-972-757-692-0
Alberts Bruce 070; Molecular biology of the cell. ISBN: 978-0-8153-4464-3

Teaching methods and learning activities

Theoretical classes; laboratory classes dedicated to microscopy techniques, observation of microscopy slides and electron microscopy images.



Natural sciences

Evaluation Type

Distributed evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

Designation Weight (%)
Exame 90,00
Trabalho laboratorial 10,00
Total: 100,00

Amount of time allocated to each course unit

Designation Time (hours)
Estudo autónomo 87,00
Frequência das aulas 48,00
Total: 135,00

Eligibility for exams

3/4 of lab classes

Calculation formula of final grade

Exam classification = 90% of final classification; laboratory reports = 10% of final classification


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