|Scheme||Phase||Nº Clausus / Vagas|
Ecological concepts for Aquatic Sciences students
Students should acquire basic knowledge about cell morphology, function and biogenesis of cell organelles and nuclear structures.
Understanding of the main geological phenomena through a global approach that involves the genesis, composition and evolution of our Planet assuming Earth as a dynamic system where processes occur as an interactive cycle involving both the Earth interior and their external effects in the atmosphere, biosphere and oceans. To be aware of the importance of Geology in the assessment and management of natural resources of the seafloor as well as in the prevention of natural hazards associated with marine activity in coastal systems.
It is intended to promote the learning of fundamental concepts for the comprehension of animal behavior in order to:
(1) analyze, in a historical perspective, the beginning of the systematic study of animal behavior and of the major behavioral systems common to several species, and
(2) apply the acquired knowledge to practical situations.
Students will develop works with the objective of consolidating the knowledge acquired in the theoretical aspects of the discipline and of promoting reflection skills.
It is intended that students acquire a general understanding about the fundamental concepts of physical oceanography, global circulation, coastal phenomena and methods to obtain, manage and analyse meteorological and oceanographic datasets by lectures and practical sessions
Students should acquire basic knowledge about algae and protozoans, their biological diversity, life cycles, taxonomy and phylogeny.
As the beginning of life and its evolution happened in the aquatic environment the Biology of Vertebrates I is a basic discipline for students of Aquatic Sciences. The aim of this discipline is to cover the maters related with life and its evolution. Vertebrate evolution, systematic, biology and morphology are the main concerns. After correlating geologic times with appearance, evolution and extinction of main animal groups in Earth, development biology and embryology are covered. The final part of the discipline is dedicated to the functional morphology aspects of vertebrates, including: motion, feeding, growth, based on the different systems as: Integument, Skeletal, muscular, respiratory, circulatory and digestive.
The study of vascular plant morphology is the major objective of this curricular unit. In addition, plant reproduction and development, evolution, phylogeny and taxonomy are also studied. Students also should acquire basic knowledge about fungi, lichens and non-vascular plants (bryophytes).
The students of the Course of the Aquatic Sciences, had a previous discipline Biology of Vertebrates I, where aspects related with evolution of the life in the hearth and the aspects on morphology are discussed, including: Systematic, embryology, skeletal, muscular, digestive, respiratory and circulatory systems. In Comparative Anatomy, an initial overview is given about the historical facts, which mark its importance to the biological Sciences. Following on, studies the structure, morphology, functional interpretation, origin and evolution of the organs and/or systems: Excretory system and osmoregulation; reproductive system and urogenital ducts; nervous system; sensory organs, endocrine glands and immunologic system. Finally it is made the integration of the different systems and organs, including those that had been studied in the Biology of Vertebrates I, giving a functional vision of organism of the vertebrates, debating the characteristics of its structural elements, its participation in the movement and of its relation with the environment and of the importance of this relation for its survival.
General description of Arthropoda, Echinodermata, Hemichordata and Chordata - Protochordata group. General characteristics of phyla and classes. Biology and phylogeny.
The main objectives of this curricular unit are the study of plant physiology and the adaptations of vascular plants to aquatic environments and costal dunes.
Provide theoretical and practical knowledge about the structure of cells, tissues and organs, the level of microscopy, especially optical, but also electronic and on their histophysiology. Thus, the bases of knowledge and skills promoted to a better understanding of Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Immunology, Pathology, etc.. The practical component is based on the study of preparations of normal tissues and organs, subject directly to the optical microscope or indirectly, via his pictures taken by digital means.
It is also intended to demonstrate the importance of knowing and applying the normal histology of tissues and organs in the face of potential modifications of the same, as well as encourage students to make a morphofunctional integration of acquired knowledge and acquire, and use your creativity in planning of multidisciplinary projects, to include a histological component.
Finally, we aim to teach bases embryology general (descriptive and developmental biology) as well as simpler model organisms (invertebrates) that allow students to not only understand their importance as access and understand, then, embryology and general special organimos complex (vertebrates).
At the end of this course, the student shoud be able to: Acknowledge the central importance of Microbiology for his/her own daily life, for Earth’s environment, for the health of plants and animals and for the development of other Biomedical Sciences. Enumerate the basic structural features of viruses and bacteria, as they are know today. Enumerate different strategies used by bacterial cells to obtain the energy and biosynthetic precursors they need. Explain the main differences between procaryotic and eucaryotic cells in terms of the organization of their genomes and the way genetic material is transferred between cells. Identify microbial virulence factors. Enumerate the main components of the antimicrobial defense systems present in vertebrate animals. Enumerate the mechanisms of action of some the antibiotics in clinical use today. Explain the mechanisms of emergence of bacterial resistance to antibiotics and ways to avoid this emergence. Manipulate microrganisms using a correct asseptic technique. Correctely use the optical microscope for the observation of different types of microrganisms. Apply different types of staining methods to visualize and classify microorganisms. Apply metabolic tests to the identification of microorganisms. Quantify bacteria or phages present in a given sample. Analyse a water sample for the presence of fecal contamination. Find and critically analyse scientific literature, so that he/she may keep up-to-date to relevant scientific knowledge throughout life.
The Fundamental Principles of Chemistry will be addressed and studied with special emphasis to the quantitative chemical description of natural as well as non-natural water systems. Among the main topics we emphasize the following: Chemistry and Transformations; stoichiometry and mass balances; Energy and transformation; Spontaneity, entropy and Gibbs energy; Phase Equilibria, Chemical Equilibrium; rates of chemical transformations. Acids and Bases and their equilibria; Equilibrium Processes involving the Precipitation and Dissolution of solid minerals, the processes of electron transfer and the formation of metalic complexes and coordination compounds. Quantitative accurate treatments of the equilibrium processes studied earlier will be studied and conducted, as a means of quantitatively describing the composition of aquatic systems and its evolution, in order that speciation of the substances can be adequately described and characterized. In addition, a set of laboratorial classes is offered in order to introduce students to the main analytic techniques used in the chemistry and environmental chemistry laboratory.
In the continuation of the unit of Histology and Embryology Comparative I provide theoretical and practical knowledge about the structure of cells, tissues and organs (now in recent emphasis), the microscopic level, particularly optics, but sometimes at TEM level, and the respective histophysiology. Thus, the bases of knowledge and skills promoted to a better understanding of Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Immunology, Pathology, etc. The practical component is based on the study of preparations of normal tissues and organs, directly to the optical microscope or indirectly, via his pictures taken by digital means.
It is also intended to demonstrate the importance of knowing and applying the normal histology of tissues and organs in the face of potential modifications of the same, as well as encourage students to make a morphofunctional integration of acquired knowledge and acquire, and use your creativity in interpretation of results of scientific projects, multidisciplinary components that histological or embryological.
Finally, we aim to teach complementary bases of general and special embryology, now with emphasis on the latest, encompassing aspects of descriptive and developmental biology and studies aiming to model organisms (vertebrates). It is intended to provide students with knowledge to understand the structure and the normal organogenesis and placement of organs and tissues in the adult animal. It is also intended that students have the ability to discern the possible events that may cause teratological changes.
This course is intended to demonstrate the main transformations of carbon compounds, and demonstrate their influence on the Molecular Biology and Chemistry of the Environment. Thus, Its main objectives are:
- The study of three-dimensional structure of the main classes of carbon compounds;
- The relationship between chemistry, molecular biology and the environment through case study examples.
The main objective of this training program is that students acquire both theorethical and practical knowledge in basic biostatistics, through a process where they have to solve problems and the teacher function as guider in their individual pathway. The exposition to small biological problems will explore both theoretical and practical aspects of biostatistics, including verbal and written communication. Topics of Biostatistics include types of data, descriptive statistics, probability distributions and inference.
The program of Biophysics and Biochemistry aims to prepare students for the understanding of fundamental principles of Physics and its applications in Biology, as well of intermediate metabolism and regulatory mechanisms of metabolic pathways. It is highlighted the importance of signal transduction pathways used by cells to receive, process, amplify and integrate diverse extracellular signals. The student uses basic knowledge to discuss dysfunctions associated with traumas and specific conditions.
This curricular unit also aims at giving students the theoretical and practical knowledge required for the correct utilization of a group of experimental techniques based on physical principles and used for the biochemical characterization of cells, organelles, proteins and metabolites.
Physiology studies functions in living organisms. The comparative approach on the different solutions found in different organisms, regarding their adaptation to a specific and limiting environment, allows a better understanding of the general principles ruling the various homeostatic mechanisms involved. Information collection (from the environment and from the self organism), integration and regulation of the whole vital functions, analysed under a comparative and evolutive point of view, leads us to the understanding on why and how living organism response to the problems found on their surrounding environment. Accordingly, the main objective of the present course is to train students to understand how the activities of the various physiological systems are integrated to adapt the organism to different environments.
Following the knowledge of anatomy, histology and comparative animal physiology previously acquired, it is projected now address, a perspective more particular aspects related to the physiology of aquatic animals with emphasis on fish, but also covering topics selected mollusks, crustaceans and aquatic mammals.
With the approach aims to become an emphasis of integrating aspects of endocrinology, particularly with interest applied to the areas of reproduction and growth. Elected as central pedagogical concern the ability of the student to be an active element in the search for knowledge and exploration of unreleased songs from the scope of the unit, using the knowledge that has systematically from their experience as a student of the aquatic sciences.
Ichthyology is a fundamental and propaedeutical discipline of the Aquatic Sciences Course that, on the basis of the basic knowledge of Biology, prepares the students for applied disciplines, as much in the environmental area as technology that they follow, giving the knowledge to them necessary to work in the area of Ichthyology, or to use these knowledge in the accomplishment of other disciplines related with this area of science, namely: To understand the organisms in study in the morpho-functional point of view; to apply the rules to the identification and systematic classification of fish species, making adequate use of the nomenclature and the concepts of taxonomy; to manipulate the equipment of measurement and analysis and to interpret the results; to use of critical form the currently available sources of information; to plan and to execute research works; to apply the methods of numerical analysis in the description of the biological processes and, to analyze the experimental data and to present the results.
The Environmental Chemistry lectures focus on explaining some of the natural phenomena, in particular chemical processes taking place within and between de different environmental compartments: lithosphere including soil and sediments; hydrosphere and atmosphere that characterize the chemical composition of each one. The second main objective is to understand how these natural processes can be changed by anthropogenic action causing contamination and pollution. Within this context a whole chapter will be dealing with toxic compounds, groups of pollutants and physico-chemical properties that will influence the fate of the compounds in the environment. The development of the ability to apply the theoretical concepts into practice is another objective of the lectures. Therefore, strong practical learning sessions will enable the students to know and use analytical instruments of routine and specific chemical analysis. This opportunity has the advantage of showing the practical application of some of the acquired concepts, providing the students with basic tools to choose from and to apply adequate methodologies to solve environmental problems as well as developing awareness of the quality of results.
Currently, culture of aquatic organisms for direct consumption, stock enhancement, or other purposes is the fastest growing and diversified sector of livestock production. The purpose of this course is to develop in students a capacity to design, produce, evaluate, sustain, use and manage commonly used culture systems and to become familiar with the handling alternatives that are essential requirements in the profitability of these investments. Emphasis is placed in responsible selection and safe use of materials, equipment and techniques of fish handling and students will have the opportunity to conduct hands-on activities associated with the practical aspects of aquaculture. Trips to industries and government organizations will expose students to different culturing techniques.
The primary goal of the course is to present students with the basic principles of environmental toxicology, focusing on toxicological assessments, types and mechanisms of toxicological response, and the properties and effects of specific groups of toxicants that have been released into the environment (e.g. PAH, PCB, pesticides, metals, dioxins/dibenzofurans, natural and synthetic estrogens, pharmaceutical products). It is expected that students will became able to evaluate risk situations, propose solutions for its prevention and have the ability to use analytic tools to evaluate environmental toxicity.
To offer the chance to have formation in an area of interest of the student, not covered in the compulsory curricular units (courses). It is intended to develop decision abilities, along with scientific-techniques skills.
To provide the students with the basic knowledge and training to achieve a clear thinking about the methods of seafood handling and processing, as well as a modern perspective of the food quality and corresponding technical and scientific skills, in order to prepare the students for the professional work they will have to develop. The capacity to criticize, to find and choose the right information and the contact with the realistic professional environment are favoured, by visiting industry facilities. The students should be able to describe, in a critical way, the characteristics and composition of seafood, food degradation, processing and preservation methods, and also quality and freshness evaluation methods.
Provide insight into the methods and techniques to use in water and wastewater treatment. Provide capabilities to define appropriate interventions and consider decision making in the assessment, design, planning, construction, operation and maintenance of municipal sewage and industrial wastewater treatment operations and water for urban supply.