Instance: 2015/2016 - 2S
Cycles of Study/Courses
Teaching Staff - Responsibilities
Teaching - Hours
Suitable for English-speaking students
Cover exhaustively the echocardiographic assessment of right and left heart.
Learning outcomes and competences
Students are expected to:
- Acquire knowledge in the importance and application of echocardiography as a non-invasive imaging method to study cardiac (dys)function in animal experimentation.
- Recognize the most important echocardiography windows, along with the reference parameters of two-dimensional, M-mode, conventional Doppler and tissue Doppler echocardiography.
- Recognize the pathological patterns in experimental medicine and its clinical applicability.
Basic concepts of cardiac anatomy; Morphologic criteria to identify cardiac chambers, auriculoventicular and sigmoid valves and major vessels; Definition of cardiac situs, cardiac septation and segmental ordering; Historical view of echo; Ultrasound wave and image production; Imagine quality and artefacts in experimental echo; Equipment and types of probes; Animal preparation and anaesthetic care; Standard transthoracic echocardiography projects and adaptations to image acquisition in animals; 2-dimensional and M-mode echo: clinical applications; Dopplerphysical principles, types (pulsed, continuous, colour) and its characteristics; General and quantitative applications of Doppler imaging; Tissue Doppler imaging: theoretical aspects; pulsed-wave and colour); spectral velocity record and its components; Evaluation of cardiac diastolic and sistolic function; Tei index; and Strain and strain rate evaluation.
Chetboul, V. ; Advanced techniques in echocardiography in small animals. , Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 40(4), 529-543, 2010
Ram, R., Mickelsen, D. M., Theodoropoulos, C., & Blaxall, B. C. ; New approaches in small animal echocardiography: imaging the sounds of silence., American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 301(5), H1765-H1780, 2011
Rudski, L. G., et al.; Guidelines for the Echocardiographic Assessment of the Right Heart in Adults: A Report from the American Society of Echocardiography. , Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, 23(7), 685-713, 2010
Nagueh, SF., et al.; Recommendations for the evaluation of left ventricular diastolic function by echocardiography., EAE/ASE. European Journal of Echocardiography, 10(2):165-193, 2010
Teaching methods and learning activities
Theoretical classes (8 hours) and laboratory practices (19 horas)
Evaluation with final exam
Eligibility for exams
To be evaluated in the exam the student have to be present at least 80% of presencial participationon sessions.
Calculation formula of final grade
Final exam (100%)