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Experimental Echocardiography

Code: MFC24     Acronym: EcoExp

Classification Keyword
OFICIAL Medicine

Instance: 2015/2016 - 2S Ícone do Moodle

Active? Yes
Responsible unit: Physiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery Department
Course/CS Responsible: Master Degree Course in Cardiovascular Pathophysiology

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
MFC 8 Mestrado em Fisiopatologia Cardiovascular_2013 1 - 3 27 81

Teaching Staff - Responsibilities

Teacher Responsibility
Claudia Maria Caldas Moura Bento

Teaching - Hours

Theoretical classes: 0,57
Laboratory Practice: 1,35
Type Teacher Classes Hour
Theoretical classes Totals 1 0,57
Claudia Maria Caldas Moura Bento 0,29
André Pedro Leite Martins Lourenço 0,28
Laboratory Practice Totals 3 4,05
Claudia Maria Caldas Moura Bento 0,68
André Pedro Leite Martins Lourenço 0,68

Teaching language

Suitable for English-speaking students


Cover exhaustively the echocardiographic assessment of right and left heart.

Learning outcomes and competences

Students are expected to:

  1. Acquire knowledge in the importance and application of echocardiography as a non-invasive imaging method to study cardiac (dys)function in animal experimentation.
  2. Recognize the most important echocardiography windows, along with the reference parameters of two-dimensional, M-mode, conventional Doppler and tissue Doppler echocardiography.
  3. Recognize the pathological patterns in experimental medicine and its clinical applicability.

Working method



Basic concepts of cardiac anatomy; Morphologic criteria to identify cardiac chambers, auriculoventicular and sigmoid valves and major vessels; Definition of cardiac situs, cardiac septation and segmental ordering; Historical view of echo; Ultrasound wave and image production; Imagine quality and artefacts in experimental echo; Equipment and types of probes; Animal preparation and anaesthetic care; Standard transthoracic echocardiography projects and adaptations to image acquisition in animals; 2-dimensional and M-mode echo: clinical applications; Dopplerphysical principles, types (pulsed, continuous, colour) and its characteristics; General and quantitative applications of Doppler imaging; Tissue Doppler imaging: theoretical aspects; pulsed-wave and colour); spectral velocity record and its components; Evaluation of cardiac diastolic and sistolic function; Tei index; and Strain and strain rate evaluation.

Mandatory literature

Chetboul, V. ; Advanced techniques in echocardiography in small animals. , Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 40(4), 529-543, 2010
Ram, R., Mickelsen, D. M., Theodoropoulos, C., & Blaxall, B. C. ; New approaches in small animal echocardiography: imaging the sounds of silence., American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 301(5), H1765-H1780, 2011
Rudski, L. G., et al.; Guidelines for the Echocardiographic Assessment of the Right Heart in Adults: A Report from the American Society of Echocardiography. , Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, 23(7), 685-713, 2010
Nagueh, SF., et al.; Recommendations for the evaluation of left ventricular diastolic function by echocardiography., EAE/ASE. European Journal of Echocardiography, 10(2):165-193, 2010

Teaching methods and learning activities

Theoretical classes (8 hours) and laboratory practices (19 horas)

Evaluation Type

Evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

Designation Weight (%)
Exame 100,00
Total: 100,00

Eligibility for exams

To be evaluated in the exam the student have to be present at least 80% of presencial participationon sessions.

Calculation formula of final grade

Final exam (100%)
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