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Physiology II

Code: MI208     Acronym: FIS2

Classification Keyword
OFICIAL Medicine

Instance: 2009/2010 - 2S

Active? Yes
Responsible unit: Laboratory of Physiololy
Course/CS Responsible: Master Degree in Medicine

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
MIMED 269 Mestrado Integrado em Medicina 2007 2 - 8 86 216

Teaching language



1. To understand the interaction between the different organs and systems of the human body as well as the mechanisms of their adaptation to changes in the environment.
2. To establish the basis for understanding the changes in the homeostasis and also the mechanisms and manifestations of disease.
3. To learn the changes of the human body associated with growing, development and aging.
4. To acquire a base of knowledge to use in the several physiological areas and to apply later in the other disciplines of the course and in the future clinical practice.


THEORICAL SESSIONS AND SEMINARS: Integrated Physiology and Pathophysiology. Nervous System; Cardiovascular System; Blood and Haemostasis, Endothelium; Respiratory System; Kidney and Urinary Tract System; Gastrointestinal System, Endocrine System; Reproductive System. Foetal and Neonatal Physiology. Growing, Development and Aging.
THEORIC-PRACTICAL SESSIONS: Determinants of Cardiac Function; Adaptation to Exercise, Altitude and Submersion; Pathophysiology of Respiratory Failure; Bone Remodelling and Phosphocalcic Metabolism; Pathophysiology of Renal Failure; Glucose Metabolism, Endocrine Pathophysiology; Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology; Body Temperature Regulation; Stress Physiology; Aging, Menopause and Andropause.
PRACTICAL SESSIONS: Spinal reflexes; Recording and Interpretation of ECG; Arterial Pressure and Pulse Assessment; Heart Sounds; Echocardiography; Elaboration of a Scientific Work; Lung Auscultation; Spirometry; Assessment of the Nutritional Status; Eye Fundus Exam; Hemogram; Problem-Solving Clinical Cases; Practical Application of the Acquired Knowledge.

Mandatory literature

William F. Ganong ; Review of Medical Physiology, McGraw-Hill, 2005. ISBN: 0071440402 / 9780071440400
Bruce M. Koeppen, Bruce A. Stanton; Berne & Levy Physiology, Mosby, 2008. ISBN: 0323045820 / 9780323045827

Complementary Bibliography

Stephen J. McPhee, William F. Ganong ; Pathophysiology of Disease - An Introduction to Clinical Medicine, McGraw-Hill, 2005. ISBN: 007144159X / 9780071441599

Teaching methods and learning activities

Total: 86 hours
Lectures: 24 hours;
Theoretical-practical sessions: 24 hours;
Practicals: 24 hours;
Seminars: 12 hours;
Tutorial: 2 hours;
Total working hours: 216 hours.

Evaluation Type

Evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

Description Type Time (hours) Weight (%) End date
Attendance (estimated) Participação presencial 0,00
Total: - 0,00

Eligibility for exams

The assessment is made in 3 parts: (i) theoretical-practical and practical assessment (P); (ii) theoretical assessment (T); (iii) complemental assessment (CA). The first two parts are compulsory to obtain approval, while the third is optional, allowing an additional assessment:
1. Theoretical-practical and Practical Assessment (P): Continuous assessment by the teaching staff during the theoretical-practical and practical sessions. The practical mark weight is 20% of the final classification (see formula). 2. Theoretical assessment (T): Accomplished in the form of a written test and representing 80% of the final classification. The theoretical assessment test is constituted of 88 questions distributed into 3 groups (48 multiple choice questions; 32 true/false questions; 8 affirmations with some unfilled words which the student has to fill, according to a key). The minimum mark in each term is 9.5.


Besides the handouts elaborated and supplied by the teaching staff of the department and of the more specific bibliography advised in the summary of each class, we recommend the following books: Review of Medical Physiology - Ganong WF. 22nd Edition. Appleton & Lange, 2005; Pathophysiology of Disease: An Introduction to Clinical Medicine – McPhee SJ, Lingappa VR, Ganong WF. 5th Edition. Appleton & Lange, 2005; Physiology - Berne RM, Levy MN, Koeppen BM, Stanton BA. 5th Edition. Mosby, Inc., 2003.
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