Instance: 2009/2010 - 1S
Cycles of Study/Courses
Teaching Staff - Responsibilities
Teaching - Hours
Leaming of the structural organization of the Central Nervous System, Cranial Nerves and Peripheral Apparatus of the Special Senses by applying respective anatomical terminology. Enhancement of the interdisciplinary possibilities, for example at the physiological, biochemical and psychologicai levels. Sound basis of a neurological examination.
Lectures: General anatomy of the Central Nervous System and its ontogenesis. Cellular membranes. Membrane potentials. Intracellular signalling. Neurons and synapses. Spinal cord. Medulla oblongata. Pons. Mesencephalon. Reticular formation. Cerebellum. Diencephalum Thalamus. Diencephalum - Subthalamus. Basal nuclei. Hypothalamus. Hypophysis. Diencephalon. Telencephalon. Limbic system. Learning and memory. Autonomic nervous system and stress. Blood supply of the brain. Ventricular system and duramater venous sinuses. Afferent pathways. Efferent pathways. Olfactory nerve. Olfactory pathway and rhynencephalon. Trigeminal and facial nerves. Glossopharyngeal, vagus, accessory and hypoglossal nerves. Eyeball. Eye and visual pathway. Orbital content. Oculomotor, trochlear and abducens nerves. External ear and medium ear. Internal ear. Auditory and vestibular pathways.
Practical Sessions: Teaching and leaming methods. The neuron (tutorial session). Spinal cord. Spinal meninges. Medulla oblongata and pons. Cerebellum and mesencephalon. Diencephalum and basal nuclei. Criteria of brain death. External and internal organization of the telencephalon. Meninges. Ventricle-subarachnoid system. Sexual dimorphism in brain. Cerebral vessels. Trigeminal and facial nerves. Glossopharyngeal, vagus, accessory and hypoglossal nerves. Eye and Orbital content. Oculomotor, trochlear and abducens nerves. Ear.
Susan Standring – Editor-in-Chief.; Gray's Anatomy. The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. 40th Edition.,, Churchill Livingstone – Elsevier, 2008
J. Nolte; The Human Brain. An Introduction to its Functional Anatomy. 6th Edition., , Mosby – Elsevier, 2008
R. S. Snell; Clinical Neuroanatomy. 7th Edition., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009
Teaching methods and learning activities
Lectures = 2 h/week;
Practical sessions = 3 h/week.
Evaluation with final exam
Eligibility for exams
Consists of a "Bell Ringer" practical exam in which 25 structures must be identified. The structures are put in pairs (except the last), having 1 minute for every two identifications. To obtain the mark of 10 values the students will have to identify 19 structures, correspondingly by the mark of 20 to the correct identification of the 25 structures. The intermediate marks will be calculated proportional to the number of identified structures.
The students who obtain 10 marks in the practical exam will be admitted to the theoretical written exam. The theoretical written exam consists of 50 questions. Also in this exam the minimum mark of 10 will have to be obtained.
Once these exams are done a rough calculation can be obtained, by applying the following formula: C= P + 3T
The students who obtain a final assessment of Very Good (18, 19 or 20 marks) will have to submit to an oral exam (average of which must be at least 17). As well, the students with classifications between 10 and 17 marks can request an oral exam for classification improvement, except that in this case the average is not assured and may inclusively lead to "failure".
The exams will take place in January/February (1st call) and in September (appeal period).
The Human Brain. An Introduction to its Functional Anatomy – 5th Edition, J. Noite, J. Mosby Inc. (N.B: 4th edition it is perfectly acceptable), 2002.
Other books should be consulted in time: Gray's Anatomy - 38'" and 39'" Editions, Williams and Warwlck, Churchill Uvingstone, 1995 and Elsevier Churchil Uvingstone 2005. Clinical Neuroanatomy for Medical Students - R.S. Snell, 5th Edition, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2001.