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Anatomy I

Code: MI101     Acronym: ANAT1

Classification Keyword
OFICIAL Medicine

Instance: 2009/2010 - 1S

Active? Yes
Responsible unit: Institute of Anatomy
Course/CS Responsible: Master Degree in Medicine

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
MIMED 634 Mestrado Integrado em Medicina 2007 1 - 10 90 270

Teaching language



General objective: To provide information and, in so doing, to facilitate learning, regarding the different structures that constitute the several systems of the human body. Specific objectives: learn the anatomical vocabulary essential for success in the medical course and career; learn how to recognize, name, describe and give functions to the structures that compose the locomotor system, including their gross anatomical variations; develop observation, description and self-learning skills.


Lectures: Introduction to the study of Human Anatomy. Anatomical terminology. Basis of general embryology. The 1st month of prenatal development. Three germ-layered embryo. General anatomy of the bones. General anatomy of the joints. General anatomy of the muscles and fasciae. General anatomy of the vascular and nervous systems. Vertebral column; its intrinsic joints including the head. Muscles of the back. Osteoarticular pelvis. Muscles and fasciae of the chest walls. Their vascularization and enervation. Mammary gland. Muscles and fasciae of the abdominal walls; their vascularization and enervation. Muscles and fasciae of the pelvis and of the perineum. Its vascularization and enervation. Upper limb. Vascularization and enervation of the upper limb. Lower limb. Vascularization and enervation of the lower limb. Human posture and locomotion. Bone skull. Muscles of the head. Mimic. Temporomandibular joint. Muscles and fasciae of the neck and its enervation. Vascularization of the neck and of the superficial regions of the head.
Practical sessions: Anatomical position. Anatomical plans. Vertebral column. Exocranial surface of the occipital. Hip bone. Joints of the vertebral column and pelvis. Joints of the vertebral bone column with the head. Muscles of the back and of the shoulder. Sternum. Ribs and costal cartilages. Joints of the thorax. Muscles of the thorax. Diaphragm. Muscles and fasciae of the abdomen, pelvis and perineum. Vascularization and enervation of the chest and abdominal walls. Bones of the upper limb. Joints of the upper limb. Connecting muscles of the upper limb to the chest wall and the vertebral column. Muscles of the scapula, arm, forearm and hand. Subclavian artery and vein. Arteries and veins of the upper limb. Brachial plexus. Bones of the lower limb. Joints of the lower limb. Muscles of the lower limb. External iliac artery and vein. Arteries and veins of the lower limb. Lumbar plexus and sacral plexus. Frontal, parietal and occipital bones. Temporal bone. Sphenoid and ethmoid bones. Mandible. Palatine, zygomatic, nasal, lacrimal bones. Inferior nasal concha. Mandible. Temporomandibular joint. Masticatory muscles. Hyoid bone. Muscles of the head and of the neck. Cervical plexus. Common carotid arteries, external carotid and its branches. Cervical portion of the internal carotid artery. Veins of the head and neck.

Mandatory literature

R. L. Drake, W. Vogl, A. W. M. Mitchel; GRAY’S ANATOMY FOR STUDENTS, Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 2005
S. Standring; GRAY’S ANATOMY, Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 40ª edição, 2008

Complementary Bibliography

L. M. Ross, E. D. Lamperti. ; Atlas of Anatomy – General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System, Thieme, 2006
J. W. Rohen, C. Yokochi, E. Lütjen-Drecoll; Color Atlas of Anatomy, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, ,2006
P. H. Abrahams, S. C. Marks and R.T. Hutchings; - McMINNS - A Colour Atlas of Human Anatomy, 2002
A. M. Gilroy, B. R. MacPherson, L. M. Ross; Atlas of Anatomy, Thieme,, 2008
P. W. Tank, T. R. Gest; Atlas of Anatomy, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009

Teaching methods and learning activities

Lectures (2 hours/week); Practical sessions (4 hours/week).

Evaluation Type

Evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

Description Type Time (hours) Weight (%) End date
Attendance (estimated) Participação presencial 0,00
Total: - 0,00

Eligibility for exams

The practical exam consists in the identification of anatomical structures, “Bell ringer” type. There will be 35 structures to be identified. These will be arranged in pairs, for the students to identify each group of two structures in 1 minute. To obtain the classification of 10 (scale: 0-20), they will need to identify 25 structures, corresponding the classification of 20 for the correct identification of the 35 structures. The intermediate marks will be calculated proportional to the number of structures identified. The students will be admitted to the theoretical exam if they have obtained 10 in the practical exam. The theoretical exam consists of 50 short answer questions. The minimum classification of 10 has to be obtained.
Once these exams are done, a preliminary classification will be obtained (C) through the following formula: C = P + 3T/4.
The students who will obtain the final classification of Very Good (18, 19 or 20) will have to do an oral exam, being the classification of 17 values assured. This does not apply to the students with a classification ranging 10-17 and who request an oral exam to improve their grade. All the students in these conditions can apply for an oral exam.


Gray’s Anatomy (39ª Edição; as 36ª, 37ª e 38ª Edições são aceitáveis); S. Standring (ed.), Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 2005. Gray’s Anatomy for Students (1ª Edição); R. L. Drake, W. Vogl, A. W. M. Mitchell (eds.) Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 2005.
Other books as the Atlas can be consulted: A.D.A.M. - Student Atlas of Anatomy - Todd R. Olson, Williams & Wilkins, 1996; McMinn's - Colour Atlas of Human Anatomy (4th Edition) - P. H. Abrahams, R. T. Hutchings and S. C. Marks Jr., Mosby, London, 1998; VOXEL-MAN 3D-Navigator, Inner Organs - Karl H. Höhne et al., Springer, The Netherlands, 2000.
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