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Theory of Sound

Code: FLUP0441     Acronym: TEOSOM

Instance: 2006/2007 - 1S

Active? Yes
Responsible unit: Department of Journalism and Communication Sciences
Course/CS Responsible: Journalism and Communication Sciences

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
JCC 66 Official Study Plan - LJCC 3 4 7,5 -
Official Study Plan - LJCC 3 4 7,5 -

Teaching - Hours

Theoretical classes: 4,00
Type Teacher Classes Hour
Theoretical classes Totals 1 4,00
José Carlos Ribeiro Miranda 4,00

Objectives

This subject is designed for students to:
- become aware of the diversity of perspectives regarding the analysis and study of the universe of sound;
- recognize its sensory and cultural framework as well as its significance in communication;
- understand the creative possibilities of audio as an isolated means or in connection with other media, namely audiovisual means.

Program

Introductory theoretical approach to different perspectives on the universe of sound, focussing on developing students’ understanding of sound and audio as autonomous means or integrated with other media.

Awareness of the physical phenomenon of sound.
Introduction to acoustics and psychoacoustics.
Relationship between sight and hearing.
Determinant factors and structure of listening.
The influence of technological evolution in relation to sound.
Consequences of technical effects.
The word music and noise dimensions in audio and audiovisual means of communication.
Aesthetic currents and artistic explorations of sound.
Sound ecology.
Sound cultures and the electronic revolution.
An idea of sound art.
Notions of sound design.
Sound to image and image to sound.
The advent of sound and sensory cinema.
The audiovisual as a new unit, its principles and fundaments.
Introduction to Michel Chion’s theory.
Audiovisual effects and their relationship with time, space as well as expression and representation.
Technological possibilities of manipulating hearing and listening.
Sounds and images, translations, representations, associations.

Main Bibliography

KAHN, Douglas, and WHITEHEAD, Gregory (Eds.).
Wireless Imagination: Sound, Radio, and the Avant-Garde,
Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1992.

ALTEN, Stanley P.
Audio in Media (6ª ed.),
Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 2002.

CHION, Michel,
Audio-Vision: Sound on Screen,
New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1994.

CHION, Michel, "Le Son", Paris, Nathan, ©1998
Edição Espanhola: "El sonido", Barcelona, Ediciones Paidós Ibérica, 1999

Weis, Elisabeth; Belton, John
Film Sound: Theory and Practice
Columbia University Press, 1985

ALTMAN, Rick, (ed.)
"Sound Theory/Sound Practice",
New York, Routledge, ©1992

Complementary Bibliography

// ON-LINE REFERENCES / GENERAL //

http://del.icio.us/tslr

UBU web // teoria e recursos oline sobre arte
sonora
http://www.ubu.com
http://www.ubu.com/mp3/

Media art net // overview of audio art
http://www.medienkunstnetz.de/themes/overv
iew_of_media_art/audio/2/

Soundtoys // aplicações sonoras e teoria
http://www.soundtoys.net/a/indexa.html

Audiolab // revista oline, grande repositório de
textos sobre som e audioart
http://homestudio.thing.net/revue/indexrevue
fm.htm

Enciclopedia de arte e novos media // frances e
inglês
http://www.newmediaart.
org/sommaire/english/sommaire.htm

Film sound org // teoria e informação sobre o
som no cinema

http://filmsound.studienet.org/
cronologia - 120 anos de musica electronica
http://www.obsolete.com/120_years/

Arte radio / austria // projectos
http://kunstradio.at/PROJECTS/projects2.ht
ml
The School of sound // palestras
http://www.schoolofsound.co.uk/content/hom
ework.htm

Sonic arts // projectos artísticos e teoria
http://www.sonicartsnetwork.org/

Instituto de Ecologia Acústica de Santa Fe
http://www.acousticecology.org/

Forum mundial de ecologia acústica
http://interact.uoregon.edu/MediaLit/WFAE
/home/index.html

Cronologia não-linear da História dos Novos
Media
http://stage.itp.nyu.edu/history/

Design sonoro // textos
http://www.designsounds.net/english.html

The soundry
http://library.thinkquest.org/19537/

Arntes sound site // links, sons, videos
http://www.media.uio.no/personer/arntm/e
nglish.html#Noen%20lenker

Som na arte, leituras e links
http://www.bbk.ac.uk/eh/eng/macc/hearing/
soundinart.htm

Linha temporal da história do cinema sonoro
http://www.mtsu.edu/~smpte/timeline.html
recursos de arte sonora por janek schafer
http://www.audioh.com/information/sounda
rtresource.html

Fundação de musica electronica
http://www.emf.org/

Associação Internacional de arquivos de som
e audiovisuais
http://www.iasa-web.org/

Soundsite // jornal de teoria, filosofia e arte
sonora
http://www.sysx.org/soundsite/

Teaching methods and learning activities

This subject is clearly theoretical in nature, taking the form of small seminars, presentations and discussions following the introduction of theoretical contents, based on compulsory readings contained in the recommended bibliography and references.
The theoretical component will be complemented by exercises aiming at understanding and exploring the contents addressed.
On occasion, there will be questionnaires and exercises of analysis to carry out in class.
There will be a final project, of a theoretical (and/or practical) nature, concerning a creative and/ or critical approach to one of the defined aspects of audio or audiovisual production, to be discussed and agreed upon with the lecturer beforehand.
This project shall be submitted by the end of the semester, and the theoretical argument is to be developed in a 10-15 page essay.

Software

No specific software required.

Evaluation Type

Distributed evaluation with final exam

Eligibility for exams

Minimum class attendance is not required.

Calculation formula of final grade

Continuous assessment (30%) + periodical (40%) + final (30%)

OR

Final exam (100%)

Examinations or Special Assignments

Not applicable.

Special assessment (TE, DA, ...)

According to the Assessment Regulations in force.

Classification improvement

According to the Assessment Regulations in force.

Observations

Language of instruction: Portuguese
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