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An historical perspective on community resilience: The case of the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake

Title
An historical perspective on community resilience: The case of the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake
Type
Article in International Scientific Journal
Year
2019-03
Authors
Mendonça, David
(Author)
Other
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Kagoharac, Maíra
(Author)
Other
The person does not belong to the institution. The person does not belong to the institution. The person does not belong to the institution. Without AUTHENTICUS Without ORCID
Journal
Vol. 34
Pages: 363-374
ISSN: 2212-4209
Publisher: Elsevier
Indexing
Publicação em Scopus Scopus
Crossref
Scientific classification
CORDIS: Social sciences > Geography
Other information
Resumo (PT):
Abstract (EN): The study of community resilience - that is, of the ability of a community to anticipate, respond to, and recover from sudden or slow onset shocks - traces its origins to the earliest days of contemporary disaster research. In recent decades, conceptual frameworks - and precise empirical indicators - of community resilience have entered the literature for purposes of reducing disaster vulnerability at the community level. Given the long arc of research on community resilience, however, it is appropriate to address the extent to which contemporary frameworks apply beyond the particular circumstances within which they were created. To this end, this study offers a productive critique of a contemporary framework of community resilience, using data from a community impact survey conducted following the so-called Lisbon earthquake of 1755. This event, the largest earthquake in recorded European history, was the catalyst for a wide range of innovations in disaster management, yet data from the survey have yet to be explored in English-language scholarship. Through the analysis of these data, this study creates a broader historical frame around current conceptualizations of community resilience, simultaneously identifying limitations of current frameworks as well as potential sources of community resilience that lie outside the historical scope of contemporary investigations.
Language: English
Type (Professor's evaluation): Scientific
Notes: Available online 11 December 2018.
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