In this work the poisoning effect of carbon monoxide (CO) on the performance of high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell is reported. The poisoning of the anode is assessed at 160 degrees C and 180 degrees C based on the transient behavior of the fuel cell potential and current density distribution. The current density distribution at similar cell potential and global current density is also critically compared for CO-free hydrogen feed and for CO-contaminated hydrogen feed. Furthermore, the current-cell potential (I-V) and power density curves and impedance spectra are obtained. The presence of CO causes a performance loss which is aggravated for higher CO concentrations and higher current densities and for lower temperatures. The transient behavior of the fuel cell potential and current density distribution show that the poisoning effect of carbon monoxide at the anode is very fast. The use of CO contaminated hydrogen at the anode yields an anisotropic distribution of carbon monoxide, which is accentuated for higher carbon monoxide concentrations and current densities.
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Publicação abrangida pelo Journal Citation Reports 2015
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