|6.7 x 106 kWh||42 518 m3||3,7 x 106 printed pages|
The average amount of paper purchased in 2011-2012 was 23 tons, i.e. 43% lower than in 2009-2010, which corresponds to a per capita consumption of 2.3. In 2012 (3.74 x 106 of printed pages) FEUP printed 1.1 million fewer copies than in 2011.
2012 saw a slight decrease in electricity consumption (6,68 x 106 kWh) compared with the previous year (2,5%), with 787 kWh per member of the academic community being metered.
Consumption of natural gas has declined over the past 5 years, consumption in 2012 being 103 x 103 m3, corresponding to 12 m3 per capita.
In 2012 water consumption decreased for the first time in the last five years (11% compared with the previous year), showing a value of about 42 518 m3, equivalent to 5.0 m3 per member of the FEUP community.
This decrease is the result of small interventions, including faster detection and correction of faults in the toilets; it is also due to the fact that FEUP’s residual use level (nocturnal) was longer.
|Amount of waste produced per type – 2012|
|N.B: This does not include refuse collected by local council services (solid urban waste and recyclable material).|
In 2012 greenhouse gas emissions stemming from the use of natural gas, electricity and vehicle circulation within FEUP amounted to 2,774 tons of CO2 (equivalent).
|Emissions of greenhouse gases – electricity consumption||2,508 tons of CO2 equivalent1|
|Emissions of greenhouse gases – natural gas consumption||222 tons of CO2 equivalent2|
|Emissions of greenhouse gases – vehicle circulation within FEUP||44.1 tons of CO2 equivalent3|
1Emission Factors: 2005– 501 t CO2/GWh; 2006 – 420 t CO2/GWh; 2007 – 370 t CO2/GWh; 2008 – 361 t CO2/GWh; 2009 – 375 t CO2/GWh
2Emission Factor (CO2) = 56,100 kg CO2/GJ; Emission Factor (CH4)=5x10-3 kg CH4/GJ; Emission Factor (N2O)=1x10-4 kg N2O /GJ
3Emission Factors: CO2: 3,16 kg/kg fuel; CO: 70,1 g/kg fuel; CH4: 0,80 g/kg fuel.
|Emission of greenhouse gases by source - 2012|
FEUP has about 23,000 m2 of green spaces (27% of the total area of the institution), where you will find 24 olive trees from Alqueva which, due to the construction of the dam, were doomed to disappear. Their re-utilization constituted the commencement of the beautification and enhancement of the green spaces and landscaped environment of the FEUP campus. This reclamation of the natural vegetation, an essential aspect of FEUP’s environmental strategy, deserves to be highlighted as a further contribution to the sustainable development policy pursued by the Faculty.
The higher education institutions play an increasingly active role in the development of the regions where they are located. The economic impact of FEUP activity is calculated by method of multipliers (Fernandes, R., 2007). The "multiplier" measures the impact of an initial e (or direct) cycle of expense in the local economy to which are added the impacts generated by successive cycles (indirect and induced) that result from this same expenditure (Robson et al., 1995). This impact can be expressed through a diverse set of measures. FEUP has chosen to use the local Gross Product - a similar measure to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), but at local level.
Concerning the economic impact itself, the results presented in the following Table show that the overall impact of FEUP was approximately 86 million ¤, being the municipalities closest to FEUP that have benefited more from the physical presence of FEUP, i.e. Porto (50%) and the remaining municipalities of Greater Porto (30%). Similarly, the multiplier effect on the local gross product (or the induced impact), which was estimated to be around 35.5 million ¤, has been particularly significant in Porto (65%) and in the surrounding municipalities (25%) (A. Fernandes, 2013).
|FEUP’s Economic Impact at Different Territorial Scales|