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Courses

Law

General information

Official Code: 9078
Acronym: LDB
Description: The Bachelor of Laws degree at the Faculty of Law of the University of Porto was approved by deliberation of the University Senate on October 25, 2006. The current programme structure was approved in 2015, with effect from the academic year 2016/2017.

Certificates

  • Law (240 ECTS credits)

Concursos Nacionais

Média de acesso do último colocado nos últimos 5 anos

2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
170,6 171,8 174 181,2 177,2

Nº Clausus / Vagas

Scheme Phase Nº Clausus / Vagas
Regime Geral 1 172
As candidaturas e os prazos são da responsabilidade da Direcção-Geral do Ensino Superior.

Courses Units

Constitutional Law

D140 - ECTS Constitutional Law — a subject of the 1st year of the degree in Law — studies political societies in general, and mainly the State, expressed in its constitutional rules. Thus, it is given importance to the State in history, and to the connections made visible with the Modern Public Law.
There is also place to analyse and typify four major constitutional families or models — Great-Britain, United States of America, France and the ex–Union of the Soviet Socialists Republics — , as well as some considerations concerning the constitutional systems of Brazil and of the portuguese speaking african countries.
Constitutional Law takes also as its subject the evolution of portuguese constitutionalism, from 1822 — the date of the first liberal constitution — till nowadays.
This discipline has also to deal with and to explain concepts such as material and formal constitution, constituent power, constitutional changes and seeks its way through the analyse of the structure of constitutional rules and its interpretation.
In what concerns the portuguese Constitution that applies today, Constitutional Law studies the activity of the State – functions, organs and acts, with special attention to the legislative activity, government system and fundamental rights system.
There’s also an important study of the means of guaranty of the Constitution, both in general as well as in the model displayed in the present Constitution of 1976.

History of Law

D130 - ECTS

1. Making the students conscious of the need for Law History’s knowledge in order to achieve a firm juridical formation.

2. Providing them an adequate learning of the essential content of Roman Law History, of Iberian Law History and Portuguese Law History, unavoidable cultural foundation, due to the Global and European context of juridical institutions.

Introduction to Law

D120 - ECTS

The aim of this course unit is to provide students with the basic frameworks and concepts of the legal system, with special focus on the Portuguese legal system.
Special relevance will be given to the understanding of Law as a dynamic system and to the specificities of legal reasoning, so major relevance is given to the methodological issues, as well as to the general theory of Law.

Political Science

D110 - ECTS


The program aims to introduce the student to the study of the Politics in an interdisciplinar and mutildimensional perspective and intends to answer contemporary questions, without forgetting a strong formative component. It aims to provide these skills to future jurists, in the framing of the study subjects in the plan of studies and in the programs of the subjects that are similar, like Constitucional Law. The program studies political societies in general, and mainly the State, expressed in its constitutional rules. Thus, it is given importance to the State in history, and to the connections made visible with the Modern Public Law.
The influence of political institutions on the structure of society in the Western world has become increasingly evident.

Students should also be able to discuss current topics of political debate.

Political Economy I

D103 I - ECTS Political Economics I addresses the fundamental issues of micro and macroeconomics (destined to students with no previous knowledge in these subjects).

The curriculum applies the methods of microeconomic analysis in dealing with the functioning of the market, its failures and the policies adjusted to the optimization of the results (efficiency objectives).

Macroeconomics focuses on short-term analysis, covering issues related to production, unemployment, inflation, monetary policy, natural resources and economic globalization.
From this school year onwards, the contents of Macroeconomics will also include a brief analysis of the current energy crisis resulting from the war between Ukraine and Russia, whose effects seem to be worldwide.

The methods follow a descriptive approach, enabling students to interpret the central ideas of contemporaneity, within the theoretical framework of economic analysis.

Public International Law

D109 - ECTS

The main objective in this course is to teach the students the fundamental issues of public international law. It is also intended to make the students aware of some of the challenges that the present international reality poses to 'classic' international law.

Political Economy II

D108 II - ECTS

This discipline is based on economics and allows the students to understand: - The intervention of the government in the economy and the associated juridical consequences; - The interaction between public economics and politics and its influence on colective choice. - The links that embody individual choice and colective choice and the shape of institutions.

Administrative Law

D220 - ECTS

Administrative Law  – a subject of the 2nd year of the degree in Law – studies the Administrative Law in general. The program develops the following major points: an approach to the notion of public administration, administrative law, administration systems, genesis and development of Administrative Law and administrative organization. 
The discipline has also to deal with the scope of administrative jurisdiction, the organization of administrative courts and how they operate and the respective legal procedure. Since this is a reform we are referring to, it is worthwhile and necessary to start with a dogmatic construction that sheds light on and increases understanding of the topics to be discussed. Special attention will be given to studying special administrative action and the string of new questions regarding the object of the administrative procedure, legitimacy and carrying out of sentences. Because administrative justice is guided by the principle of full and effective jurisdictional protection, it is extremely relevant to understand the role played by administrative judge, as well as the proof, namely in the provisional measures

Criminal Law

D240 - ECTS

General understanding of Criminal Law and doctrine of crime

General Theory of Civil Law

D230 - ECTS

This course unit, offered during the 2nd year of the degree, aims at introducing the main legal framework governing Private Law. It prepares the students to the forthcoming subjects within the Private Law field, such as: Law of Contracts, Obligations, Property Law, Family Law and Succession Law, etc. It is focused mainly on the analysis of the First Part of the Portuguese Civil Code (1966), and special effort is done so that students become aware of the Fundamental Principles governing Private Law (eg. Private Autonomy, Civil Liability, Reliance Principle, etc.) and grasp the central role played by "the person" in the (Private) Law.

European Union Law

D250 - ECTS

This course introduces the study of the EU law. It focuses, first, on the objectives, the dynamics of the integration process, the basic principles, the competencies, the institutions, the decision-making procedures and the European legar order, its respective legal acts and the relation with the Member-States legal order and the international legal order. Secondly, in order to help students in developing a critical awareness of the political significance of the EU, a brief description of the various political theories, that since the beginning of the process try to capture this reality, will be presented.

Public Finance

D205 - ECTS The aim of this course is giving the students a global understanding of the public financing phenomenon, in the perspective of the State. This understanding departs from the explanation of the need for public financing and the main financial policies the State has to pursue. We then move to the many questions raised by the national budget, including an analysis of public expenditure and income namely, a first approach to the main principles, concepts and techniques of the tax system. The last part of the course studies the social security system and its interaction with the tax system.

Tax Law

D211 - ECTS Achievement of basic knowledge in the area of Tax Law through knowledge of the fundamental tax principles, concepts and tecnhiques and integrated and coherent apprehension of the general structure of taxes.

Fundamental Rights

D206 - ECTS 1. To understand the general theory of fundamental rights and to understand that they are a "designation" for meaning the dignity of the human being.
2. To understand the reality of fundamental rights and of its ways of enforcment nowadays

Contracts and Tort Law

D320 - ECTS

This course unit aims to provide students with a thorough knowledge on the central topics relating to the law of obligations, mainly the concept, function and structure of an obligation, the legal framework of its sources, types of obligations, performance, non-performance and transfer of credits and obligations.
It intends to develop the potential of students in terms of their ability to reason and solve legal cases arising in the sphere of economic activities, tort and unjustified enrichment.

Civil Procedural Law

D330 - ECTS

General Introduction to Civil Procedure Law and rules of declarative judgement according to the Civil Procedural Rules (Código de Processo Civil) of 2013 and another related legislation. Alternative dispute resolutions methods with particular emphasys on mediation and arbitration

Labour Law I

D301 I - ECTS

Knowledge of Portuguese employment and labour law framework and its main features. Practical application of acquired knowledge. Development of critical and argumentative skills through statutory and case law.

Economic Law

D306 - ECTS The course covers a range of subjects (the economic constitution, state intervention in the economy, freedom of competition and circulation) traditionally taught in law and economics faculties under the nalme of Economic Law. Its functional separation from other similar courses answers the didactical need of studying some very relevant matters that, for one reason or another, end up not being included in those courses' syllabuses - or, when they are, end up being superficially studied.

Criminal Procedural Law I

D310 I - ECTS

- To provide students with the essential frameworks of the criminal procedural law;
- Identifying and understanding the various procedural models, their fundamental characteristics and their estrutural principles;

- Deepening theoretical and dogmatic foundations of the studied themes, as well as its projections in terms of legal regulations and jurisprudential solutions;
- Promoting a critical and autonomous reflection on central criminal procedure themes.

Urbanism and Environmental Law

D311 - ECTS
The objectives of this course are to provide 
students with a solid, broad, up-to-date and
critical education in the subjects that are the
subject of the UC, with a view to their capacity
to adequately respond to the needs and
challenges that they are likely to face as
future lawyers.

Criminal Law III

D303 III - ECTS

 

 

To provide students with the essential frameworks of the discipline,  there included the theoretical and the various institutes, as well as detailed analysis of positive law Portuguese. The combination of theoretical and practical lessons intended to bring about a complete and harmonious education of students with a view to their future inclusion in the various careers.

 

Property Law

D309 - ECTS Communication of basic knowledge concerning the conceptual and legal institutions of property and other real rights; development of analytical skills and practical application of knowledge; stimulate students critical attitude concerning legal outcomes and judicial decisions

Commercial Law

D430 - ECTS

1st semester: introduction to the basic notions of Portuguese Commercial Law, namely banking contracts, the enterprise, insolvency and enterprise recovery, industrial property and bill of exchanges.

2nd semester:  introduction to the basic notions of the Portuguese Company Law.

 

Family Law and Inheritance Law

D420 - ECTS

It is intended that students acquire solid and deep knowledge concerning the core subjects of family law and inheritance law. The programme encompasses three nuclear fields: marital law, affiliation law and succession law.  In the first field, special attention will be given to the constitution of the marital relation, its personal and property effects and the dissolution of marriage. In the second field, it will be analysed the legal framework applicable to the establishment of parenthood and moTherhood and to its effects, considering in particular the case of the under 18 offspring. In the third field, attention will be paid to the legal treatment of the post-mortem destiny of the legal relations entitled by the "de cuius".
It is also intended that, whilst acquiring the knowledge that will enable them to soundly resolve the various real-life cases, students will also develop their abilities of reasoning, as young jurists. It will also be provided information about important judicial decisions.

Private International Law I

D402 I - ECTS

The Course on Private International Law (PIL) will present the problems arisen out of the existence of pluri-localized relationships and of the necessity to provide for its regulation, giving an overview of the used methods and the solutions found for such problems.

Civil Procedural Law III

D405 III - ECTS

Civil Procedure III aims to provide both a theoretical and practical perspective of the law on the enforcement of civil judgements and other enforceable titles in the Portuguese courts.

Philosophy of Law and Legal Methodology

D400 I - ECTS

The course aims to help provide students the necessary tools to a critical, autonomous and sustained reflection on the law and a personal research and deepening of the themes.

These objectives will be pursued through study, reflection and questioning around some issues, more or less "classic", of the field of philosophy of law and political philosophy, using the contribution of various currents of thought, authors and  works, as well as with openness to interdisciplinarity.

Administrative and Tax Law Procedure

DO409 - ECTS

In this subject will be under intent comment and study the scope of the administrative and tax jurisdiction, the organization and functioning of the administrative and tax courts and how they operate and the respective legal procedure.

Public Contracting

DO414 - ECTS


The course aims to inform, from the standpoint of theoretical and practical, the general regulation of public procurement in the Public Procurement Code, including in its object, the study of the contracting parties and the procedure of formation.

Direito da União Europeia II

DO420 - ECTS The fundamental objectives of this UC are to provide students with an exhaustive study of the judicial organization of the European Union and of the procedures for enforcement European Union Law, thus preparing students, soon to be future lawyers, for legal practice.
An analysis of the "Digital EU" will be presented within the Jena Monnet Module coordenated by the Professor (Project 101085671 - DigEUCit - "A Digital Europe for Citizens. Constitutional and Policymaking Challenges").

Labour Law II

DO416 - ECTS Furthering the knowledge of Labour Law main Legal framework.
Deepening comprehension and update of labour law subjects with high theoretical and practical importance
Practical application of acquired knowledge.
Development of critical and argumentative skills through statutory and case law.

Police Law

DO430 - ECTS
The objectives of this course are to provide 
students with a solid, broad, up-to-date and
critical education on the subjects that are the
subject of the UC, with a view to their
training to adequately respond to the needs
and challenges that they are likely to face
as future lawyers

Criminal Procedural Law II

DO404 II - ECTS - To offer a general overview of nowadays doctrine in the themes of evidence, procedural acts and legal remedies;
- Deepening theoretical and dogmatic foundations of the studied themes, as well as its projections in terms of legal regulations and jurisprudential solutions;
- Promoting a critical and autonomous reflection on central criminal procedure themes.
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