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Introduction to Chemistry of Materials

Code: Q3003     Acronym: Q3003     Level: 300

Keywords
Classification Keyword
OFICIAL Chemistry

Instance: 2019/2020 - 1S Ícone do Moodle

Active? Yes
Web Page: https://moodle.up.pt/course/view.php?id=189¬ifyeditingon=1
Responsible unit: Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Course/CS Responsible: First Degree in Chemistry

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
L:B 0 study plan from 2016/17 3 - 6 56 162
L:CC 0 Plano de estudos a partir de 2014 2 - 6 56 162
3
L:F 0 study plan from 2017/18 2 - 6 56 162
3
L:G 3 study plan from 2017/18 2 - 6 56 162
3
L:M 0 Plano estudos a partir do ano letivo 2016/17 2 - 6 56 162
3
L:Q 7 study plan from 2016/17 3 - 6 56 162

Teaching Staff - Responsibilities

Teacher Responsibility
Luís Manuel das Neves Belchior Faia dos Santos

Teaching - Hours

Theoretical classes: 2,00
Theoretical and practical : 2,00
Type Teacher Classes Hour
Theoretical classes Totals 1 2,00
Luís Manuel das Neves Belchior Faia dos Santos 2,00
Theoretical and practical Totals 1 2,00
Luís Manuel das Neves Belchior Faia dos Santos 1,00
Ana Isabel Moreira Cruz Lobo Ferreira 1,00

Teaching language

Suitable for English-speaking students

Objectives

The course Introduction to Materials Chemistry is a course aimed at students of the first cycle of the courses of the Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto. It is a discipline of introductory and general nature that relates the internal structure of the various classes of materials (at different scales, from the molecular scale to the macroscopic-atomic), the chemical, physical and mechanical differentials of materials, and also , its function and practical application. It is intended that at the end of the course the students will be able to: (i) identify the different classes of materials, (ii) describe its internal structure, properties and function, (iii) describe techniques for preparation, processing and characterization of materials (iv) apply acquired knowledge to competently describe everyday materials, industrial and technological.

Learning outcomes and competences

It is intended that at the end of the course the students will be able to: (i) identify the different classes of materials, (ii) describe its internal structure, properties and function, (iii) describe techniques for preparation, processing and characterization of materials (iv) apply acquired knowledge to competently describe everyday materials, industrial and technological.

Working method

Presencial

Pre-requirements (prior knowledge) and co-requirements (common knowledge)

None

Program

PART 1 - INTRODUCTION TO MATERIALS (20% of academic effort)

1.1 The materials science Introduction to Materials Science and respect Science / Materials Engineering. Role of Chemistry in the materials. Historical note on evolution of materials and analysis of current affairs. Competition between materials.

1.2 Classes of materials Classification of different classes of materials-criteria. Characterization of the following generic classes: metals and alloys, ceramics, composites, polymers, nanomaterials; soft materials (liquid crystals and colloidal materials); biomaterials. Structure and basic properties. PART 2 -

STRUCTURE FUNCTION AND PROPERTIES (60% of academic effort)

2.1 Structure and chemical bonding in materials Notion of scale dimensional materials. Chemical bonding and structure of solids, liquids and mesophases. Ionic solids , metallics, molecular and crosslinked materials (covalent). Amorphous and crystalline state.

2.2 Crystalline state, structures and their classification. Unit cells. Polymorphism or allotrope. Crystallization, crystal defects and diffusion in solids.

2.3 Phase diagrams of Concept phase and phase rule of Gibbs. Lever rule. Phase diagrams of pure substances, binary systems and ternary systems. Examples of applied relevance of phase diagrams.

2.4 Properties of materials. Chemical properties. Corrosion of materials. Mechanical properties. Physical properties: thermal, electrical, magnetic and optical. The structure-property-function for different classes of materials studied. PART

3 - DESCRIPTION, AND PROCESSING APPLICATIONS (20% of academic effort)

3.1 Methods of materials characterization techniques currents structural and functional characterization of materials: light and electron microscopy, light diffraction, X-rays and neutrons, spectroscopy, thermal analysis; characterization of surfaces.

3.2 Processing Techniques processing of metallic, ceramic, polymeric and composite materials. 3.3 Applications Advanced Discussion of practical applications (daily, technology etc) of different materials based on the knowledge acquired about the structure / property / function. Selection of materials for a given function.

RATIONALE AND PROGRAM OVERVIEW.

Part 1 aims primarily a first approach to the scope and objectives of materials science and qualitative analysis and descriptive of the different classes of materials.

Part 2 involves ever more advanced analysis and quantitative internal structure and properties of materials with special relevance to their distinguishing characteristics, and understanding of the structure / property / function.

Part 3 provides a generic discussion of modern characterization techniques and materials processing, and also the application of concepts studied throughout the course in the analysis of specific materials and technical devices.

 

Mandatory literature

William F. Smith; Princípios de Ciência e Engenharia dos Materiais, McGrawHill Portugal (Lisboa), 1998. ISBN: 972-8298-68-4

Comments from the literature

BIBLIOGRAFIA GERAL (RECOMENDADA) [1] Princípios de Ciência e Engenharia dos Materiais, William F. Smith, 3ª edição, 1998, McGrawHill Portugal (Lisboa). ISBN: 972-8298-68-4. [2] Materials Chemistry, Bradley D. Fahlam, 2007, Springer (Dordrecht). ISBN: 978-1-4020-6119-6. [3] The Science and Engineering of Materials, Donald R. Askeland, 3rd edition, 1998, Stanley Thornes (U.K.). ISBN: 978-0-748-74083-3. [4] Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, William D. Callister, 7th edition, 2006, John Wiley & Sons (New York). ISBN-10: 0-47173-696-1. BIBLIOGRAFIA ESPECIALIZADA [5] Nanochemistry – a chemical approach to materials, Geoffrei Ozin and André Arsenault, 2005, RSC Publishing (Cambridge, U.K.). ISBN: 0-85404-664-X. [6] Introduction to Soft Matter: Synthetic and Biological Self-Assembling Materials, Revised Edition, Ian Hamley, 2007, John Wiley & Sons (New York). ISBN: 978-0-470-51609-6. [7] Materiais 2000, M. Amaral Fortes e P.J. Ferreira (eds.), 2003, IST Press (Lisboa), ISBN: 972-8469-23-3. [8] Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Materials Science, Boris S. Bokstein, Mikhail I. Mendelev and David J. Srolovitz, 2005, Oxford University Press (USA). ISBN: 978-0-198-52804-3.

Teaching methods and learning activities

1 - Lectures are expository character according to the above-mentioned program.
2 - Seminary Lectures (a) Preparation and discussion of oral presentations on different classes of materials (structure, properties, applications), groups consisting of 2 students. There are 4 time points: 1st presentation (generic) - 5 slides, 7 min; 2nd presentation (Intermediate) - 10 slides, 10 min, 3rd presentation (intermediate) 15 min - 15 slides, 4 th presentation (final) - 20 slides, 30 min. (b) Discussion, consolidation and deepening of the theoretical, with quantitative problem solving (essentially Part 2 of the program). (c) Study visits (research laboratories, CEMUP).

 

 

 

 

keywords

Physical sciences > Physics > Condensed matter properties
Technological sciences > Engineering > Materials engineering
Physical sciences > Chemistry > Structural chemestry
Natural sciences

Evaluation Type

Distributed evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

designation Weight (%)
Defesa pública de dissertação, de relatório de projeto ou estágio, ou de tese 10,00
Exame 50,00
Participação presencial 40,00
Total: 100,00

Amount of time allocated to each course unit

designation Time (hours)
Apresentação/discussão de um trabalho científico 1,00
Elaboração de projeto 10,00
Estudo autónomo 20,00
Frequência das aulas 20,00
Total: 51,00

Eligibility for exams

For admission to examinations, students should attend to 75% the number of semininar lectures provided.

Calculation formula of final grade

The evaluation is conducted in the discipline based on:

(i) continuous assessment of student performance in seminar lectures (NTP),

(ii) i classification of examination (NEX). Thus, the final classification (NF) is obtained according to the following weighting:

NF = 0.40 x NTP + 0.10 x NMon+  0.50 x NEx

Classification of theoretical and practical lessons based on the evaluation continues on TP classes.
A note of examination must be higher or equal to 10, ≥ 10/20 NEX.

Observations

BIBLIOGRAFIA GERAL (RECOMENDADA) [1] Princípios de Ciência e Engenharia dos Materiais, William F. Smith, 3ª edição, 1998, McGrawHill Portugal (Lisboa). ISBN: 972-8298-68-4. [2] Materials Chemistry, Bradley D. Fahlam, 2007, Springer (Dordrecht). ISBN: 978-1-4020-6119-6. [3] The Science and Engineering of Materials, Donald R. Askeland, 3rd edition, 1998, Stanley Thornes (U.K.). ISBN: 978-0-748-74083-3. [4] Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, William D. Callister, 7th edition, 2006, John Wiley & Sons (New York). ISBN-10: 0-47173-696-1. BIBLIOGRAFIA ESPECIALIZADA [5] Nanochemistry – a chemical approach to materials, Geoffrei Ozin and André Arsenault, 2005, RSC Publishing (Cambridge, U.K.). ISBN: 0-85404-664-X. [6] Introduction to Soft Matter: Synthetic and Biological Self-Assembling Materials, Revised Edition, Ian Hamley, 2007, John Wiley & Sons (New York). ISBN: 978-0-470-51609-6. [7] Materiais 2000, M. Amaral Fortes e P.J. Ferreira (eds.), 2003, IST Press (Lisboa), ISBN: 972-8469-23-3. [8] Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Materials Science, Boris S. Bokstein, Mikhail I. Mendelev and David J. Srolovitz, 2005, Oxford University Press (USA). ISBN: 978-0-198-52804-3.

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