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Code: B241     Acronym: B241

Classification Keyword

Instance: 2015/2016 - 1S Ícone do Moodle

Active? Yes
Web Page: https://moodle.up.pt/course/view.php?id=3159
Responsible unit: Department of Biology
Course/CS Responsible: First Degree in Landscape Architecture

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
L:AP 23 Planos de estudos a partir 2009 2 - 5 49 135

Teaching Staff - Responsibilities

Teacher Responsibility
Ana Maria Gonçalves Séneca Correia Cardoso
João José Pradinho Honrado

Teaching - Hours

Theoretical classes: 1,50
Theoretical and practical : 2,00
Type Teacher Classes Hour
Theoretical classes Totals 1 1,50
Ana Maria Gonçalves Séneca Correia Cardoso 0,75
João José Pradinho Honrado 0,75
Theoretical and practical Totals 1 2,00
Ana Maria Gonçalves Séneca Correia Cardoso 1,00
João José Pradinho Honrado 1,00

Teaching language

Suitable for English-speaking students


- Understand the scope and the modern importance of Biogeography.

-Understand the impacts of environmental changes on biodiversity patterns.

- Know and recognize the diversity of terrestrial biomes.

- Understand and interpret the biogeography of Europe and Portugal from a hierarchic perspective.

Learning outcomes and competences

- Skills to analyze and interpret patterns of biodiversity in multiple spatial and temporal scales.

- Evaluate the influence of ecological and biological factors on species richness and diversity at different spacial and temporal scales

- Application of the concepts and methods of Biiogeography in the assessment of specific problems.

Working method



- An introduction to Biogeography. Species richness and biodiversity. - Patterns and gradients; distribution patterns. Islands and oceans.

- Paleobiogeography. Phylogeography.

- Multi-scale environmental changes and responses of biodiversity to those changes; climate change, biological invasions, land uses and other disturbances.

- Global biogeography: environmental conditions, terrestrial biomes, and biogeographic realms.

- Biogeography of Europe: enviromental conditions, biomes, and biogeographic regions.

- Biogeography of Portugal: environmental conditions, potential natural vegetaton, and biogeographic provinces.

Mandatory literature

Cox CB & Moore P; Biogeography, an Ecological and Evolutionary approach, 8th Ed. Wiley & Sons, 2010. ISBN: 9780470637944
Brown JH, Lomolino MV; Biogeography. 2nd Edition., Sinauer Associates, Inc. Publishers, Sunderland., 1998

Complementary Bibliography

Glen MacDonald; Biogeography - Introduction to Space, Time and Life, Wiley, 2003. ISBN: 0-471-24193-8
M. Costa Tenorio et al.; Los bosques ibéricos - una interpretación geobotánica, Planeta, 2001. ISBN: 84-08-02869-3
Walter Heinrich Siegmar-Walter Breckle 1898-; Walter.s vegetation of the earth. ISBN: 978-3-540-43315-6
Groombridge Brian; World atlas of biodiversity
Costa JC, Aguiar C, Capelo JH, Lousã M, Neto C; Biogeografia de Portugal Continental., Quercetea vol. 0: 5-56., 1998

Teaching methods and learning activities

- Lectures: explanation/discussion of themes 

- Group projects on specific subjects within the scope of the course, with targeted literature search and tutored discussions.


Natural sciences > Environmental science > Ecology > Bioclimatology
Natural sciences > Environmental science > Ecology > Ecosystems
Natural sciences > Biological sciences > Biodiversity > Biodiversity characterisation
Natural sciences > Biological sciences > Biology > Evolutionary biology

Evaluation Type

Distributed evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

designation Weight (%)
Exame 75,00
Trabalho escrito 25,00
Total: 100,00

Amount of time allocated to each course unit

designation Time (hours)
Elaboração de projeto 20,00
Estudo autónomo 66,00
Frequência das aulas 49,00
Total: 135,00

Eligibility for exams

- Attending a minimum of 75% of the classes in the course.

- Participating in a minimum of 75% of group projects with minimum average grade of 9.5  (2.5 in the final proportion of the whole grade)

Calculation formula of final grade

- Sum of classification in the final exam (15) and in the group projects (5) out of 20.

- Approval with a minimum grade of 9.5 out of 20.

Special assessment (TE, DA, ...)

Approval to the final exam dependent on the delivery of monographic report on the themes of the projects of the regular students though half in number.  Minimum average grade of 9.5  (2.5, considering the proportion of 5 that the projects have in the final grading)

Classification improvement

- Improvement by repetition of the final exam. The 25% of the final grade obtained in the group projects cannot be repeated.

- Approval with a minimum mark of 9.5 out of 20.

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