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Drawing 1

Code: 100103     Acronym: 100103

Classification Keyword

Instance: 2018/2019 - A

Active? Yes
Responsible unit: Desenho (D)
Course/CS Responsible: Master Degree in Architecture

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
MIARQ 152 MIARQ 1 - 12 - 324

Teaching Staff - Responsibilities

Teacher Responsibility
José Manuel Teixeira Barbosa

Teaching language



The discipline of Drawing aims to promote the representation and knowledge of the visible world and the mental images through manual graphic skills, in accordance with the following objectives:
- To develop the student's the ability to observe;
- To develop the ability and knowledge about the act of drawing and the sensitivity to plastic and aesthetic values;
- To create conditions for the student to face the act of projecting with spontaneity, agility and awareness;
- To stimulate the presence in the act of project of non systematic, symbolic and poetic components.
- To promote the appreciation and understanding of the need and pleasure of representation;
- To recognize drawing as a graphic expression of an intention;
- To understand that you can learn how to draw through the practice of drawing.

Learning outcomes and competences

At the end of the academic year the student, through drawing, must have acquired skills and abilities of observation, representation, memory, speech, organization and project development.

Working method



The program is developed and sudivided into 3 Stages according to 4 General Issues: The Human Figure, The Object, The Internal Space and The Landscape, dealt with a progressive treatment of conceptual and methodological problems and technical aspects,.

Stage 1 - Perception and Recognition
The Human Figure, The Object, The Internal Space and The Landscape.
Progressive contact with the world of drawing, methods and procedures.
- Introduction to perception, observation practises and its awareness;
- Characteristics of vision and representation techniques;
- Structure, measurement and proportion of forms;
- Space - the systems of representation and empirical methods;
- Morphological characteristics, interactions and the features of space.

Theoretical sessions
- Discipline programme and regulations
- Drawing instruments
- Visual perception - awareness of neuro-visual processes
- Representation of perspective - empirical method 

Stage 2 - Recognition and Expression
The Human Figure, The Human Body, The Object, The Internal Space and The Landscape.
Systematization of experiences, knowledge and work processes
- Images of reality and the realities of the image
- Supporters of drawing tools, methods and processes
- Modes and attitudes in graphic expression
- The perception and observation - terms of recognition and culture - "culture of reality"
- Drawing concepts and methods of work

Theoretical sessions
- Modes of drawing - sketch and contour
- Modes of drawing - detail and draft
- Graphical elements
- Composition on drawing
- Color as a system
- Color as a material 

Phase 3 - Expression and Consideration
The Landscape, the Urban Space, the Human Figure.
"Consideration" is understood as the enhancement of productive capacities and empower the student to face reality portrayal.
- Student conceptual intentionality, planning and poetic development
- Graphic identity and aesthetics
- Qualities and characteristics of the subject
- Ability to compose images

Theoretical Session
- The graphic expression.

Mandatory literature

EDWARDS, Betty; Dessiner grâce au cerveau droit, Bruxelas: Pierre Mardaga, 1988.
Gómez Molina Juan José 050; Estrategias del dibujo en el arte contemporáneo. ISBN: 84-376-1694-8
Gómez Molina Juan José 340; Las lecciones del dibujo. ISBN: 84-376-1376-0
Massironi Manfredo; Ver pelo desenho
Arnheim Rudolf; Arte & percepção visual
Arnheim Rudolf; O poder do centro
Gombrich Ernst H.; Art and illusion
Tolnay Charles de; History and technique of old master drawings
Vieira Joaquim Pereira Pinto; O Desenho e o projecto são o mesmo?. ISBN: 972-9483-13-2
Rodrigues Ana Leonor M. Madeira; O desenho. ISBN: 972-33-1608-0
Vieira Joaquim Pinto 340; Psiax
Lopes José Maria da SIlva; O desenho do corpo em Portugal no século XVIII
Lisboa Câmara Municipal. Pelouro da Cultura; Frederico George, ver pelo desenho. ISBN: 972-24-0851-8
Portugal Instituto de Arte Contemporânea; Desenho projecto de desenho. ISBN: 972-8560-249
Maia Pedro; As^Máquinas do desenho
Silva Vítor Manuel Oliveira da; Ética e política do desenho. ISBN: 972-9483-64-7
Chaet Bernard; The art of drawing. ISBN: 0-03-062028-7
Goldstein Nathan; Figure drawing. ISBN: 0-13-314444-5
Nicolaides Kimon; The Natural way to Draw
Hale Robert Beverly; Drawing lessons from the great masters. ISBN: 0-8230-1401-0

Teaching methods and learning activities

The programme will be developed both under a theoretical and a practical class.
Theoretical sessions are intended to provide materials, topics, examples and the theoretical basis of practical exercises to develop in each phase of work and study.
Worksheets will be provided defining the theoretical and practical framework for each stage, as well as the regime of exercises and parameters of evaluation and critique.
Practical exercises represent the standard teaching par excellence from which promotes critical reflection on each other's work.
The focus is the teacher/student interaction. This interaction involves knowledge and expectations wiyh emphasis on questions and answers raised in class.
The evaluation sessions are key moments to the entire process.

Evaluation Type

Distributed evaluation without final exam

Assessment Components

designation Weight (%)
Participação presencial 100,00
Total: 100,00

Amount of time allocated to each course unit

designation Time (hours)
Frequência das aulas 272,00
Total: 272,00

Eligibility for exams

Continuous assessment. Assessment it results from the correction of each work, constructive comments and comparative assessment of the situation. Evaluation factors expressed in the worksheets for each step will ailso be taken into consideration. At the end of each stage there is an individual assessment consisting on public exhibition of the student work followed up by technical discussion. Grading will range from 0-20. At the end of the year the student must deliver the work of the last phase and that of all previous phases.

Failure to present all the work implies the failing grades points. Attendance in evaluation sessions is mandatory and essential. There is no recourse. In order to be elegible to a assessment the student must ensure attendance of at least 75% of the classes provided.

Calculation formula of final grade

At the end of each phase, the evaluation will be the result of the development of students' responses compared to the reference parameters outlined in worksheets.
Grade calculation is based on the students the progression according to the requirements of each exercise and the end result. Assessment, considered the overall utilization of the student, will be the weighted average of the three classifications provided for the academic year (25% +25% + 50%).

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