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Research Methodology

Code: AFES05     Acronym: AFES05

Classification Keyword
OFICIAL Social Science

Instance: 2021/2022 - 1S Ícone do Moodle

Active? Yes
Web Page: https://moodle.up.pt/course/view.php?id=2099
Course/CS Responsible: 2nd Cycle in Physical Activity, Exercise and Health

Cycles of Study/Courses

Acronym No. of Students Study Plan Curricular Years Credits UCN Credits ECTS Contact hours Total Time
2CAFES 52 Official Plan 1 - 6 50 162

Teaching Staff - Responsibilities

Teacher Responsibility
José Carlos Rodrigues Dias Ribeiro

Teaching - Hours

Theoretical and practical : 6,68
Type Teacher Classes Hour
Theoretical and practical Totals 1 6,68
André Filipe Teixeira e Seabra 0,80
José Carlos Rodrigues Dias Ribeiro 4,00
Maria Paula Monteiro Pinheiro da Silva 0,80
Maria Paula Maia dos Santos 1,06

Teaching language



The Curricular Unit of research methods aims to develop research skills in master students, through mastery of the methods of planning and organization of research, with emphasis on the different methodologies. The student should master the different research methods in order to choose the most appropriate for the purpose of study and be able to properly disclose the results of research. Develop skills in the creation, analysis and interpretation of the results obtained during the collection of data in an investigation.

Learning outcomes and competences

-The student creates databases considering the individual characteristics of each variable.

-The student is able to apply normality tests.

-The student differentiates, and applies appropriately, parametric and non-parametric tests.

-The student is able to differentiate and apply the assumptions necessary for the application of the different statistical tests, considering the sample size, the available groups and the characteristics of the variables.

-The student is able to interpret the results obtained through the SPSS, adjusted to the different situations of analysis.

Working method



Block I – preparation and presentation of scientific papers Standards and guidelines for the drafting and presentation of dissertations 1. parts of a dissertation 1.1. formal aspects 1.2. Summary, Abstract and Résumé 1.3. introduction 1.4. literature review 1.5. Objectives and hypotheses 1.6. Material and methods 1.7. presentation of results 1.8. Discussion 1.9. conclusions 1.10. recommendations and limitations 1.11. Bibliography 1.12. Annexes 2. other possibilities of Division of dissertations 2.1. "Scandinavian model"

Block II – Of hypotheses in the planning of an investigation on physical activity and Health 1. experimental planning. 2. Organization and data collection. 3. different study designs: 3.1. analytical and descriptive observational studies; 3.2. experimental studies and quasi-experimental; 3.3. clinical trials and evaluation of health programmes; 4. experimental method: validity and limits. 5. organization of transversal, longitudinal and mixed studies. Appropriateness of the methodology to the problem. 6. presentation of a study. Reports and articles.

Mandatory literature

Volpato Gilson Luiz; Ciência. ISBN: 85-903774-3-1
Volpato Gilson Luiz; Dicas para redação científica. ISBN: 85-9037-744-X
Kinnear Paul; SPSS for Windows made simple. ISBN: 0-86377-611-6
Foster Jeremy; Data analysis using SPSS for Windows. ISBN: 0-7619-6016-3
Pestana, Maria Helena; Análise de dados para ciências sociais
Eco Umberto; Como se faz uma tese em ciências humanas
Margetts Barrie 340; Design concepts in nutritional epidemiology. ISBN: 0-19-261873-3
Hailman Jack P.; Planning, proposing, and presenting science effectively. ISBN: 0-521-56875-7
Hardy Melissa 340; Handbook of data analysis. ISBN: 0 7619 6652 8
Quivy Raymond; Manual de investigação em ciências sociais. ISBN: 972-662-275-1
Merriam Sharan B.; Qualitative research and case study applications in education. ISBN: 0-7879-1009-0
Field Andy; Discovering statistics. ISBN: 0-7619-5755-3

Teaching methods and learning activities

Expository nature of theoretical lessons and practical sessions. The lessons will be taught by in compact blocks of 2H+1,5H. Promotion of an active dialogue between all present. The lessons will be lectures with practical resource of statistical analysis program SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences), and also of EndNote bibliographic referencing. Students must attend at least 70 of the classes provided for.


Statistical Package fo the Social Sciences


Social sciences > Educational sciences > Research methodology

Evaluation Type

Evaluation with final exam

Assessment Components

designation Weight (%)
Exame 95,00
Participação presencial 5,00
Total: 100,00

Amount of time allocated to each course unit

designation Time (hours)
Estudo autónomo 112,00
Frequência das aulas 50,00
Total: 162,00

Eligibility for exams

The assessment, in the 1st season, will consist in the realization of a theoretical assessment on practice the form of written test using SPSS for exploitation of a database, being asked to review this, and answer the questions of the exam. The assessments corresponding to the resource and special seasons (only to finish the course) shall consist in the realization of a written test, on dates to be agreed with the Commission for coordination of 2CAFTI and the respective faculty.

Calculation formula of final grade


Special assessment (TE, DA, ...)

In these situations will apply the General rules for evaluation of the Faculty of Sport.

Classification improvement

In these situations will apply the General rules for evaluation of the Faculty of Sport.

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